2018: Point-Wise CA and GS Articles

  • Apr 24, 2018
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    The Indian Navy started operation of the Integrated Automatic Aviation Meteorological System (IAAMS) at INS Garuda, Naval air station located in Kochi, Kerala. IAAMS is equipped with state-of-the-art meteorological sensors, Radar Vertical Wind Profiler, Ceilometer, Transmissomete…

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    Government approved a new policy for allocation of future coal linkages in a transparent manner for power sector consumers- ‘Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala (Coal) Transparently in India’ (SHAKTI).

    Image of Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala

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    For promoting port-led industrialization, 14 Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs) covering all the Maritime States and Union Territories have been identified under National Perspective Plan of Sagarmala Programme.

    Image of Major port, Non-major port and Proposed CEZ

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  • Apr 22, 2018
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    The Union Cabinet approved ‘Prime Minister’s Research Fellows (PMRF) ’ scheme for a period of seven years from 2018 - 19 at a total cost of Rs. 1650 crore. The fellowship scheme was announced in the Budget Speech 2018 - 19.

    Image of Schemes for ‘Brain Drain to Brain Gain’

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    The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) amended the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Fast Track Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) Regulations, 2017.

    Image of Amendments in Insolvency & Bankruptcy Board of India

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  • 3  [ ]

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on a three-nation visit to Palestine, United Arab Emirates, and Oman from 9 – 12 February 2018. Narendra Modi was the first Indian PM to visit Palestine with cooperation agreed on investment, trade, defence, and security. Important points are:

    Image of Omani trade with India

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  • Apr 20, 2018
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    The Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shipping and Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation commissioned the container gantry cranes at Berth No. 8 (Dakshin Bharat Gateway Terminal) and inaugurated the Information Centre and Truck Parking Terminal a…

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    “The National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC) is a Central Sector Scheme which set up in the year 2015 - 16. Aim of NAFCC is to support concrete adaptation activities to mitigate the effects of climate change.

    Image of Timeline of India's Climate change Actions

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  • 3 [ , ]

    This is in continuation of previous article on Startup India. Startup India Learning Program is a free online Entrepreneurship program by Startup India. Invest India in collaboration with UpGrad developed this program.

    Refer: Startup India and Start-Up Hubs

    • It aims to help entre…

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  • Apr 19, 2018
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    Government of India announced ‘Startup India’ initiative for creating a conducive environment for startups in India. Various Ministries of the Government of India initiated a number of activities under the program.

    Image of Start-up India Action Plan

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    Rustome-2, also known as TAPAS-BH-201, is a medium-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) tested at its Aeronautical Test Range (ATR) at Challakere in Karnataka’s Chitradurga district.

    Image of Aeronautical Test Range challakere

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    The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) and UK’s Natural History Museum (NHM) have signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation in field of genetic and taxonomic studies, research, and training, conservation of India, including species and habitat assessments.

    Image of Scope: Nagoya Protocol and ITPGRFA

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  • 4 [ ]

    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to launch Chandrayan-2 Mission around April this year. Chandrayaan-2 is the country’s second mission to the moon. The total cost of the Chandrayaan-2 mission will be about Rs. 8 billion. If the mission could not be launche…

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  • 5 [ ]

    The Indian Railways has decided to manufacture Metro coaches at a factory in Latur. The coaches manufactured at this plant are expected to be exported to other countries. This project is worth Rs. 600 crore.

    Image of Railways to set up a coach factory in marathwada

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  • Apr 18, 2018
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    The Fallacy of Socio-Cultural Isolation - Coined by British civil servant Alexander Mackenzie, the term ‘Northeastern Frontier’ in the contemporary time comprised of 8 Indian states viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.

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  • 2📹  [ ]

    Economic Survey: Recommendations - Tariff Rationalization, Classification of new commodities; Tariff rationalization; rationalization of coal tariff; Expansion of freight basket through containerization; New policy guideline for station to station rates; liberalized Automatic Fre…

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    Forthcoming Issue: Nutrition - North East is about pleasant tourist spot, fabulous handlooms and handicrafts or its friendly people, Due to its Geographical Isolation and perceived difference, the region has, faced backwardness and indifferent development in many sectors.

    Loa…

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    Potential of Sericulture -Sericulture is imp. Industry in Japan, China, India, Italy, France & Spain. Introduction - Employment generation - farm & non-farm activity of this sector creates 60 lakh man days of employment every year mostly in rural sector.

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    Organic Farming for Sustainable Environment - International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) is an international organization which regulates standards of OF & strengthens organic movement globally in its full diversity by uniting & assisting more than 120 coun…

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    Forthcoming Issue: Technology for Rural Development - Agricultural production is only output near-farm & non-farm economic activities, % share of horticulture output in Agriculture has become 30%.

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    Agriculture and Allied Sectors: Kurukshetra April 2018 Summar…

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  • Apr 17, 2018
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    Railway Ministry is planning 10, 000 km of new high-speed corridors to allow overnight trains to run at speeds of up to 250kmph. Refer: Railways: Do You Know Mission Raftaar, Safoorti and Zero Accident Missions?

    Image of Delhi to Varanasi bullet train

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  • 2 [ ]

    21 banks were identified as Makers of Excellence under Atal Pension Yojna Outreach programme by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). Atal Pension Yojna aims to bring the economically disadvantaged section of the society in the unorganized sector within the p…

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    Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways predicts that India is poised for a leap in electric mobility. This was unveiled while inaugurating the electric vehicle chargers- slow and fast charging-at an event, ’Charging the Drive’ held at the NITI Aayog premises.

    Image of Leap in Electric Mobility

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    The Ramalingaswami Re-entry Fellowship was conceived in the year 2006 - 07 for encouraging scientists (Indian Nationals) working outside the country to return. The Indian national scientists could pursue their research interests in Modern Biology, Biotechnology, Life Sciences, an…

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  • Apr 15, 2018
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    An agreement giving Indian Navy access to the Duqm port in Oman will increase India’s strategic reach westwards and in the Indian Ocean. A dry dock will be available to the Indian Navy at Duqm as well, allowing for maintenance without returning vessels to India-based shipyards.

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    The railway board has initiated the process of reviewing the flexi-fare system in premium trains by comparing the prices with that of other modes of transport. The six-member committee will review the system and submit a report in 30 days.

    Image of Factsheet of flexi fare system

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    Historical Overview of Steps Taken to Boost Railway Earnings - Government has taken following innovative measures to facilitate ticketing and boost the earnings: - Introduction of Premium Tatkal Quota with dynamic pricing: Dynamic fare component is increased with the subsequent b…

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    The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) entered into five Unilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (UAPA) and two Bilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (BAPA) during January 2018. The total number of Advance-Pricing Agreement (APAs) entered into by the CBDT is now 196.

    Image of Advance Pricing Agreement

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  • Apr 13, 2018
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    Public sector undertaking Coal India launched ‘Grahak Sadak Koyla Vitaran App’ for benefitting customers being supplied coal by road. The app: Allows users to monitor if the dispatches are made on the principle of ‘First in First Out’.

    Image of Grahak Sadak Koyla Vitaran App

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    Steps to Curb Illegal Mining of Coal - 1. Dozing off and filling up of rat holes with stone and debris wherever possible. 2. Digging trenches to isolate illegal mining sites. 3. Erecting concrete walls on mouth of abandoned mines

    Image of Threats to the Western Ghats

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    Ministry of State for Chemicals & Fertilizers imports urea on Government account to bridge the gap between estimated indigenous production and assessed demand in the country. The import during the year 2017 - 18 (Apr-Dec) was 49.83 Lakh MT as against the import of 49.88 Lakh MT i…

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  • 4 [ ]

    Continuing with disinvestment the Union Cabinet approved the sale of its entire stake of 73.47 % in the 41-year-old Mini Ratna firm Dredging Corporation of India. for around Rs1, 400 - 1, 500. Government plans to raise Rs72, 500 crore through disinvestment in Central Public Secto…

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    PRAGATI - Scholarships for Girl Child for Technical education - Aims: At providing encouragement and support to girl child to pursue technical education, Providing a scholarship of Rs. 30000 and tuition fees 2000 month for 10 months until the duration of the course.

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    Promoting research and innovation - Progress of nation depends on its sustained growth of education and research in science and technology, To meet the objective, our research should bear international comparison in terms of standards of attainment.

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    Important terms of Education - Literacy rate: In India, a person aged 7 years and above who can both read and write with understanding in any language has been taken as literate. Literacy rate 2011 (In %) -

    • Total: 73.0

    • Male: 80.9

    • Female: 56.5

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    Expected Quest…

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  • Apr 12, 2018
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    Crisis of Management - In case of Bengaluru, the extra allocation of water from Cauvery by Supreme Court would be of little relief unless the water is managed well. The 2013 - 14 report of the Comptroller and Auditor General says that half of the Cauvery waters, supplied to Benga…

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    Courtesy: Down to Earth, March 2018 - In Odisha, In January this year, village communities in Pipadi and Jamguda in Kalahandi district were denied access to take bamboo out of the forest area. They were told that they could transport bamboo outside the forest, only if it was done…

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    World Of Cape Towns - Theewatreskloof Dam, Cape Town’s largest reservoir, has dries to just 13 % capacity after 3 years of drought. Cape Town is on notice that the day when its water will run out is very close.

    Cape Towns in India

    February 2018 Supreme Court (SC) decision on all…

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  • Apr 11, 2018
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    CCEA approves new Integrated Scheme for School Education - Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved new Integrated Scheme on School Education for period 2018 to 2020 to be formulated by Department of School Education and Literacy.

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  • 2📹  [ ]

    NITSER Amendment Bill Passed in Rajya Sabha - NITSER (National Institutes of Technology, Science Education, and Research) Amendment Bill passed in Rajya Sabha on 26th July, 2017. Bill proposes two new Institutions in the Second Schedule of the NITSER Act, 2007: 1 - Indian Institu…

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    Rashtrapati Bhavan Hosts Nobel Laureates Seminar - Rashtrapati Bhavan on February 5, 2018, hosted a one-day Nobel Laureates Seminar, Seminar organized by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India in association with the Nobel Foundation.

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  • Apr 10, 2018
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    As per Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings-2018 25 institutes/universities found place in the top 1000 world University ranking. As per Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Ranking-2018, 20 Institutions/Universities respectively found place in the top 10…

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    The Government of India announced the sale (re-issue) of Government of India Floating Rate Bonds 2024 for a notified amount of Rs. 3000 crore (nominal) through price based auction and 7.17 % Government Stock, 2028 for a notified amount of Rs. 8, 000 crore (nominal) through price …

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    The Sainik Schools are a system of schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence. They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India.

    Map of India Sainik School

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  • Apr 9, 2018
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    The new Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) - 2016 was implemented from 01.04. 2016. It lays the roadmap on how India, the world’s largest arms importer, will acquire defence equipment.

    • DPP 2016 replaces the Defence Procurement Procedure 2013 (DPP 2013)

    • Defence procurement poli…

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    India has the third largest military in the world and is the sixth biggest defence spender. India is largest importers of conventional defence equipment and spends around 30 % of its total defense budget on capital acquisitions.

    Image of India's third largest military in the world

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    Advantage Assam - Global Investors Summit 2018 was help to position Assam as India’s Expressway to ASEAN. ‘Advantage Assam’ will be the largest ever investment promotion and facilitation initiative by the Government of Assam.

    Image of Advantage Assam - Global Investors Summit 2018

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    Second largest state-owned lender Punjab National Bank was the victim of the India’s largest bank fraud amounting to over Rs. 11, 000 crore done by Jeweller Nirav Modi and related entities.

    Image of Nirav modi And Fraud Case

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    After several poor air quality days during winter, the Centre and Delhi government initiated a two-week Clean Air Campaign in in Delhi from February 10 to February 23 not only as a symbolic exercise, but a serious effort to drastically bring down pollution.

    Image of Death In The Air

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  • Apr 7, 2018
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    The 41st flight of PSLV (PSLV-C39) that took place on August 31, 2017 with Indian Regional Navigational Satellite (IRNSS-1H weighing 1425 kg) could not reach the designated orbit, is considered as a failure.

    Image of Upgrading of Aerospace Technology

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    A simple DNA screening test called Sema4 Natalis to detect 193 childhood-onset diseases, including epilepsy, spinal muscular atrophy, and cancer was developed by a US-based genomic testing company.

    New DNA Test to Screen a Child for 193 Genetic Diseases

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    Scientists developed a new system to non-invasively identify the breast cancer patients who would respond to chemotherapy within two weeks of beginning treatment. The novel dynamic “optical tomographic breast imaging system” generates three-dimensional (3-D) images of both breast…

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    Scientists based on 20 years of observations and data, have calculated that sun will be nearly seven percent cooler and dimmer by 2050 causing a mini ice age, said the team of researchers from San Diego.

    Image of 400 years of sunspot observations

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    The International Cricket Council (ICC) announced appointment of Indra Nooyi as its first female Independent Director. Who is Indra Nooyi? - Indra Krishnamurthy Nooyi is an Indian American businesswoman.

    Map of ICC Membership

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  • Apr 6, 2018
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    Government forms committee to probe illegal cultivation of HT Cotton - Department of Biotechnology in Ministry of Science and Technology constituted Field Inspection and Scientific Evaluation Committee (FISEC).

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    Expected Questions on Environment 2018 - IAS/NE…

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    SECURE Himalaya Project and Third National Wildlife Action Plan for 2017 - 2031 - Union Government launched SECURE Himalaya, a six-year project, For conservation of locally and globally significant biodiversity,

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    Expected Questions on Environment 2018 - IAS/N…

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    India awarded Certificate of Commendation by CITES for its effort to combat illegal wildlife Trade - By Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

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    Expected Questions on Environment 2018 - IAS/NET (Part 2) (In Eng…

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Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2018 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, CBSE-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.