2019: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles

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  • Dec 31, 2019
  • 1 DTE 1-15 Dec 2019 Carbon Credit Smoke Screen [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Carbon Credit Smoke Screen: Carbon markets have shifted the mitigation responsibility from developed to the developing countries. These carbon markets were created under the Kyoto Protocol of 1997 with the hope that their expansion would increase investments in low-carbon and mit

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  • 2 Yojana December 2019 Urbanisation [ Yojana ]

    We Shape Our Cities, Thereafter the Cities Shape Us: •”Urbanisation can be prevented from turning ugly not by keeping people away the cities but by taking cities to where people already live. ” This needs a holistic approach of developing urban and rural India in a mutually-symbi

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  • Dec 26, 2019
  • 1 🌟 E-Cigarettes and Nicotine: Addiction [ Health ]

    E-Cigarettes are the battery-powered vaporizer that works by heating up nicotine liquid, called “juice. ” E-Cigarettes do not fall within the ambit of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply

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  • 2 Drug Types, Examples and Risks [ Health ]

    Drug abuse just does not affect the user; it also affects their friends and their families. Somethimes recreational drug use triggers an outright addiction. There are many underlying causes addiction- from prescription drug abuse to self-medication. There are seven different drug

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  • 3 Drug Addiction Rehabilitation [ Policy/Governance, Health ]

    Drug rehabilitation is the process of medical or psychotherapeutic to remove dependence on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and street drugs such as cannabis, cocaine, heroin, or amphetamines. It enables the patient to cease substance abuse and to purs

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  • 4 Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drug) Abuse [ Policy/Governance, Health ]

    Adolescence is the critical time for preventing drug addiction. Risk of drug use increases greatly during times of transition. Therefore, for adults these times include a divorce or loss of a job. For a teenager, risky times include moving, family divorce, or changing schools. Be

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  • 5 🌟 Scheme of Assistance for Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drug) Abuse [ Health, Important Days, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment implements Central Sector Scheme of ‘Assistance for Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drug) Abuse’ for identification, counseling, treatment, and rehabilitation. Financial assistance is provided for setting-up and running Integrate

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  • Dec 24, 2019
  • 1 DTE 16 to 31 December [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Junk and Packaged Foods-Monster: Junk foods are pre-prepared or packaged food with low nutritional value. Ultra-Processed foods have been reported to have extreme amounts of salt and fat that severely affect health. Junk foods contain mainly saturated fat, sugar and salt, vegetab

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  • 2 DTE 16 to 31 December The main reasons for the decline in elephant population [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Social and Emotional Intelligence of Elephants: Elephants have been observed to closely resemble humans in their emotional and social behaviour. It has been revealed that elephants can identify themselves which might be due to elephant’s excellent memory which can help recognise

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  • 3 2G Ethanol plant in Panipat [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    The government is planning to set up twelve 2G ethanol bio-refinery plants in 11 states in India including Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh with an investment of 10,000 crores. Indian Oil has

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  • Dec 23, 2019
  • 1 Global Bio-India Summit [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology, Agriculture/Agro Industries ]

    First Global Bio-India Summit-2019 was organized in New Delhi from 21st to 23rd November, 2019. This Summit was organized by the Department of Biotechnology under the Ministry of Science and Technology and co-organized by the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council. Th

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  • 2 Uttam Rake [ Railways ]

    On the 69th Foundation Day of Western Railways Uttam Rake was introduced. Uttam Rake is a non Ac local train for ladies from Churchgate to Virar in Mumbai. As a part of Make in India initiative several advanced features have been set up in the train. Two Uttam Rake were built at

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  • 3 Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Zero budget means without using any money or credit to purchase any inputs and other expenses in farming and natural farming means farming with nature and without chemicals. Farmers use products from nature like cow dung as manure. Zero Budget Natural Farming does not involve pes

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  • Dec 19, 2019
  • 1 Increase in Ex-gratia for fatal coal mine accidents [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    The central government has increased the ex-gratia amount to Rs. 15 lakh from Rs. 5 Lakh for fatal accidents in the coal mine. This compensation will cover more than 3.5 lakh families of workers of Coal India.

    • It c

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  • 2 Plastic Waste in Development of Roads [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Non-Biodegradable plastic waste is one of the biggest threats to the environment and human health. To tackle the challenges of plastic waste the Ministry of Road Transport and Highway converting plastic waste with the Bitumen to build green, all-weather sustainable roads and High

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  • 3 Swachh-Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Swachh-Nirmal Tat Abhiyaan is launched under the Union Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) to create awareness about drive and cleanliness program in 50 identified beaches. The beaches were identified from 10 coastal States/UTs these are Andhra Pradesh, Ke

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  • Dec 14, 2019
  • 1 Yojana December 2019 Urbanisation Slums in India – Facts & Misconceptions [ Yojana ]

    Slums in India – Facts & Misconceptions: “Blue polygon” settlements, so termed because clusters of such homes- four poles surmounted by a blue plastic sheet-appear as blue rectangles in satellite images. UN- Habitat employs five criteria to identify slums. Each related to a livin

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  • 2 Yojana December 2019 Urbanisation Developing Natural Forest Cover [ Yojana ]

    Developing Natural Forest Cover: A Case Study from Yadadri, Telangana: W/enthusiasm generated across all sections of society to plant & protect saplings planted under ‘Telanganaku Haritha haram, ’ a flagship programme of state to create an entire forest instead of mere plantation

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  • Dec 10, 2019
  • 1 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Wholesale Price Index (WPI) [ Economy ]

    Retail inflation (CPI) has been increased to 4.62 % which is 16-month high and above the targeted rate of inflation. Increase in Consumer Price Index (CPI) is due to food inflation which has increased to 6.93%. This increase of inflation is higher since 2016. Recently there has b

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  • 2 Sambhar Lake [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Sambhar Lake is India’s biggest inland salt water lake and UNESCO world heritage site located at Jaipur district in Rajasthan. It is protected under the Ramsar Convention which has a global recognition to conserve wetlands. It is host to lots of migratory birds mainly Flamingo’s.

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  • 3 Pneumonia the Occasion of World Pneumonia Day [ Health ]

    Pneumonia and diarrhoea progress report card has been released recently on 12th November 2019 by International Vaccine Access Centre of John Hopkins (IVAC) on the occasion of World Pneumonia Day. IVAC helps in building knowledge and support for the value of vaccines. The report r

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  • 4 Mangroves of Sundarbans Wetland [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    The mangroves are considered as salt tolerant plants being adaptable to harsh conditions in climatic conditions in coastal regions. Mangroves can withstand higher temperature; higher humidity and can stand strong winds. It provides protection to the coastal communities.

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  • Dec 9, 2019
  • 1 India’S Noise Regulation Rules [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Noise pollution is the propagation of noise with harmful impacts on the human activity or animal life occurring mainly due to human activities. Ambient noise levels have been increasing from various sources. like industrial activity, loudspeakers, music systems, noise from the ve

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  • Dec 6, 2019
  • 1 DTE 15-30 Nov 2019 [ Down-to-Earth ]

    REDD + Potential for India: REDD refers to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. It also includes role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries. REDD mechanism was introduced under U

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  • 2 DTE 15-30 Nov 2019 Ganga Action Plan [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Two out of every three Indians drink milk adulterated with detergent, caustic soda, urea and paint. The WHO has warned India that failure to immediately check the adulteration of milk and milk products would see 87 % of Indian citizens suffering serious diseases like cancer by 20

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  • 3 DTE 15-30 Nov 2019 the Regional Comprehensive [ Down-to-Earth ]

    The National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) -designed to mitigate pollution hotspots has identified 129 cities that donot comply with the particulate standards. The Chinese government adopted the approach to Unified Planning, Unified Monitoring altering and unified standards in multi

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  • Dec 2, 2019
  • 1 Single Use Plastics Rise of Plastic Consumption in India [ Environment/Ecology ]

    Single Use Plastics or Disposable plastics include items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled. Some of the examples include plastic bags, straws, coffee stirrers, soda and water bottles and most food packaging. The Prime Minister of India at the S

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  • 2 Global Innovation Index -2019 GII Preview [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    India ranked at 52nd position among the 129 nations based on 80 indicators in Global Innovation Index 2019. In 2018 India’s rank was 57. India’s rank has been consistently improving. It jumped from 57th position to 52nd in this year. Switzerland is in the first position in the in

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  • 3 📹 SMART Cities and AMRUT Mission [ Policy/Governance ]

    SMART Cities and AMRUT are the two major schemes of Central Government of India for the development of Urban areas. Under the Smart Cities Mission, 100 cities with the objective of promoting area-based urban development initiatives will be covered. Under AMRUT basic services like

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  • 4 Tiger Conservation in Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam and Andhra Pradesh [ Environment/Ecology ]

    The number of tigers in Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR) in Andhra Pradesh has increased by efforts taken by Tiger Conservation Foundation (TCF). Nagarjuna-Srisailam Tiger Reserve is also the largest tiger reserve and it spreads over five districts of Andhra Pradesh

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  • Nov 29, 2019
  • 1 Dhanush Artillery Guns [ Science/Technology, Defense ]

    Dhanush is the first indigenous long range artillery gun introduced in the Indian army on 4th November, 2019. It was manufactured by the Jabalpur based Gun Carriage Factory. Indian Army which began inducting the indigenously upgraded Dhanush artillery guns entire order of 114 gun

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  • 2 Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a free trade agreement consisting of 16 countries across the Asia-Pacific region. This partnership looks after the trade agreement among its member countries by dropping tariffs and duties. RECP member’s accounts for 25 % of t

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  • 3 AYUSH, Traditional Medicine System [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    AYUSH traditional Medicine System of India consists of Ayurveda, yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy and these medicine systems are being practiced in India since ages. Ayurvedic system includes physical, psychological, spiritual and social. Indian government wants to

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  • Nov 28, 2019
  • 1 SAFAR (System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research) [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) has been developed by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorological (IITM) Pune, Maharashtra and is operationalized by IMD. It is India’s first air quality early warning system launched in Delhi in 2010 during Commonwea

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  • 2 Wastelands the Land Resource Department [ Environment/Ecology ]

    The National Remote Sensing Centre prepared a wasteland Atlas being released by the Land Resource Department. Degraded forests, overgrazed pastures, drought-struck pastures, eroded valleys, hilly slopes, waterlogged marshy lands, barren land etc constitute to Wastelands.

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  • Nov 27, 2019
  • 1 The Global Credit Rating Agency [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    The Global Credit Rating Agency Moody’s has lowered India’s outlook to negative from the earliest outlook of stable. The main reasons for negative rating are economic slowdown, financial stress among rural household, weak job creation, liquidity crunch in Non-Banking Financial Se

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  • 2 Suranga Bawadi Situated at Bijapur District in Karnataka [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Suranga Bawadi is an ancient 16th century underground water harvesting system has got placed in world Monument Watch List. It is going to receive funds from the World Monument Fund for the Restoration purpose as it has entered the World Monument Watch list for 2020. It is a part

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  • 3 Real Time Train Information System (RTIS) [ Science/Technology, Railways ]

    Real Time Information System is a significant step of the Indian Railways that will help in monitoring precise speeds and movements of the trains throughout the journey right from the starting position to the destination. Nearly 500 passenger locomotives of the South Central Rail

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  • Nov 26, 2019
  • 1 Maternal Mortality Rate [ Policy/Governance, Health ]

    Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) can be defined as the ratio of the number of deaths per 100,000 live births of children. According to the World Health Organisation, India is on the right track towards achieving SDG target of MMR below 70 by the year 2030. As per the National health

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  • 2 National Health Profile 2019 [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    The Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI) has released the 14th edition of National Health Profile on October 30,2019. This report is annually published by CBHI (Central Bureau of Health Intelligence). The main aim is to create a versatile database of health information an

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  • 3 Index of Industrial Production [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Index of Industrial Production comprises of eight core industries and non-core industries. It is an index which shows the growth rates in different industry groups of the economy. There is a separate index for eight core industries and collective index that is index of Industrial

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  • Nov 25, 2019
  • 1 Kartarpur Corridor to Visit Pilgrims from India [ International Relations/Organizations, Culture ]

    India and Pakistan has signed an agreement on Kartarpur corridor to visit pilgrims from India to Gurdwara of Kartarpur Sahib in Pakistan. It is a proposed border corridor between India and Pakistan which connects Dera Baba Nanak Sahib which is located in Gurdaspur district in Pun

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  • 2 India Justice Report-2019 [ Policy/Governance ]

    India Justice Report is the first ever ranking of Indian states on Justice Delivery which is released by the Tata trust in collaboration with Centre for Social Justice, common cause and Commonwealth Human Rights initiative. The report ranks Indian states on the basis of four para

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  • 3 Freedom on Net Report [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    Freedom on Net report is published by the international NGO called Freedom House is dedicated to expansion of freedom and democratic rights of the people across the world. It ranks the countries depending upon the internet freedom enjoyed by the citizens. Nearly 65 countries acro

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  • 4 Rise of Sea Level [ Environment/Ecology, Disaster Management ]

    Rise of Sea Level includes increase in the Global emissions which are leading to global warming and climate changes. Increase in the temperature would lead to increase in the volume of seawater and increase in the Global temperature would lead to melting of glaciers both are lead

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  • Nov 22, 2019
  • 1 Hyderabad Figures in UNESCO List [ International Relations/Organizations, Important Days ]

    Hyderabad has been selected as a creative city in the category of gastronomy on 31st October 2019, the day being celebrated as World Cities Day by UNESCO. This year 66 cities were added to UNESCO network of Creative cities. Changing the World: Innovations and Better Life for Futu

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  • 2 Stubble Burning Created Havoc in Delhi [ Environment/Ecology, Agriculture/Agro Industries ]

    People in Delhi NCR are facing one of the worst ever spells of air pollutions since the end of Diwali 2019. The burning of stubble in Punjab and Haryana and parts of Uttar Pradesh cause a lot of air pollution in Northern India and mostly in Delhi NCR. Some of the factors causing

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  • 3 MoU Between BIMSTEC Nations India and Thailand to Reduce Sea Travel Time [ International Relations/Organizations ]

    A memorandum of understanding has been recently signed on 7th November 2019 between Ranong Port (Thailand) and port trusts of Chennai, Visakhapatnam and Kolkata. The main aim is to reduce sea level time between the two countries to more than a half.

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  • 4 Samudra Shakti Naval Exercise [ International Relations/Organizations, Defense ]

    India-Indonesia Naval exercise was started in the Port of Surabaya in Indonesia in the first week of November 2019 with a common objective to strengthen bilateral relations, expand maritime cooperation and enhance interoperability thereby exchanging the best practices. The joint

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  • Nov 20, 2019
  • 1 📹 DTE 1-15 Nov Summary [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Neurotoxins: These toxins are extremely destructive to the nerve tissues and cause neurotoxicity. They affect both developing and mature nervous tissue. Neurotoxins can block the nerve impulse and may cause muscle paralysis. These can be of plant, animals, minerals or atmospheric

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  • 2 Kurukshetra 2019 Rural Education [ Kurukshetra ]

    Policy And Planning Towards Rural Education: MHRD of GoI. Works thru. 2 departments: 1) Department of School Education & Literacy. 2) Department of Higher Education. & since education is a subject of Concurrent List, therefore Central Govt. & State Govt. work together for betterm

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  • 3 Kurukshetra 2019 Rural Education Recommendations [ Kurukshetra ]

    Recommendations: Ensure availability of a full complement staff of teachers in every school w/a focus on remote schools & remote districts. Strengthen BRCs & CRCs for teacher professional development. States should develop a strong core group of outstanding teacher education thru

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  • 4 DTE 1-15 Nov Summary 2 [ Down-to-Earth ]

    Blockchain Impact on Coffee Production: The Blockchain based e-market platform was launched by the Coffee Board of India (CBOI) on 28 march 2019 with a very dull response. In 2018 - 19 only 100 tonnes of India’s 0.32 million tonnes of coffee was produced and was sold via the plat

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  • 5 30 Expected & Most Important Topics Geography Optional UPSC Mains 2020 [ IAS Upd. ]

    1. Water Crisis to Floods – Journey of Mismanagement of Water & Consequences 2. Solar irradiance – possible cause of global change 3. India’s Space Mission in light of Chandrayaan -2 – Vikram (landing of South Pole) 4. Amazon Rainforest 5. Gender Gap Report 6. Global Slavery Inde

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  • Nov 18, 2019
  • 1 Yojana November 2019 SANITATION FOR a HEALTH SOCIETY Part 7 [ Yojana ]

    Initiative take by States/Union Territories: States & UTS such as Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Daman & Diu, & Goa have achieved maximum compliance w/respect to provisions of SWM Rules. Initiatives taken by Chhattisgarh State are as follows: Door-to-door collection, waste segrega

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  • 2 Yojana November 2019 SANITATION FOR a HEALTH SOCIETY Part 8 [ Yojana ]

    Swachh Bharat: A Chapter of Success: SBM journey of only 5 years bewilders everyone by fact that over 10 cr. Individual Household Latrines (IHHLs) have been constructed, & all 6 lakh villages, 699 districts & 35 states/Uts have declared themselves ODF. Campaigns like ‘Swachhata H

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