Agriculture, Agro Industry, & Allied Activities: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2021 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • Dec 19, 2020
  • 1 Changing Workforce: Highlights (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Changing Workforce: Highlights

    Overview

    • Arctic Ocean - Primary production (the creation of energy through photosynthesis by algae that forms the base of the food chain) of the Arctic has increased by 57 per cent between 1998 and 2018. This is happening…

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  • 2 Monsoon Changes: (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Monsoon Changes

    Overview

    • El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) , an irregularly periodic variation in winds and sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, is in neutral condition. The warming phase of ENSO cycle is known as El Nino and its coolin…

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  • 3 Swachh Survekshan 2020: (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Swachh Survekshan 2020

    Overview

    Maharashtra՚s Karad, Saswad and Lonavala bagged the first three positions for cities with population less than 100,000. Among the cities with population between 100,000 and 1 million, Chhattisgarh՚s Ambikapur was declared the cl…

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  • 4 Hills Reviving (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Hills Reviving

    Overview

    • Under Mukhyamantri Swarozgar Yojana, people will get 15 to 25 per cent subsidy to start business, be it in manufacturing, agriculture, horticulture, or animal husbandry.
    • Government is providing interest-free loan up to ₹ 3 lakhs for playhouse fa…

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  • 5 Covid Impact: (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Covid Impact

    Overview

    • Children health risk - determined by the usual dietary intake, dietary diversity, socioeconomic environment, maternal health and nutrition status, and coverage of nutrition-sensitive and nutrition related interventions.
    • Even a slight loss (as little…

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  • 6 Rising Cancer Cases and Tigers: DTE 1-15 September 2020 [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Rising Cancer Cases

    • Indian tigers are (a) closest to southeast Asian tigers, and (b) the most divergent of populations within Indian tigers.
    • The tiger quickly spread throughout India, moving into the mangrove swamps, evergreen forests, dry decid…

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  • 7 Kerala Herbs and Zero Budget Natural Farming: (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Kerala Herbs

    • Dahasamani՚s: When cumin seeds are added, they call it jeeraka vella; malli vella when infused with coriander seeds. The pink water is prepared using a concoction of herbs, which include the wood of pathimukham or Himalayan cherry tree.
    • Ethyl acetate is the…

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  • 8 Education and Natural Disasters: (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Education

    • As many as 188 countries have imposed countrywide school closures due to the pandemic, according to latest estimates of the United Nations Children՚s Fund (unicef) , a global agency committed to protecting the rights of children worldwide.
    • Famous for hi…

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  • Dec 19, 2020
  • 1 Milk and Coconut: (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Milk

    • Nutrient-rich drink that contains many nutrients like calcium, protein, vitamin B2, vitamin B12, iodine, potassium and phosphorous northeastern parts of India drinking milk every day is not a widely followed practice countries and regions with a vast …

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  • 2 Why Milk is White? How Cheese is Formed? & Jamun Trees @ Parliament House: DTE 1-15 September 2020 [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Why Milk is White? How Cheese is Formed?

    • The colloidal form depends on the pH factor or the acidity of the substance. If the pH factor is disturbed, the colloid will lose its structure. Now, milk is composed of several compounds, primarily fat, protein, and sugar. The protein in m…

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  • 3 Agricultural Revival and Rejuvenate Agriculture: (Kurukshetra September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Kurukshetra ]

    Agricultural Revival

    • ICAR teaches agronomy and agricultural engineering with 718 Kr…

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  • Dec 4, 2020
  • 1 MSMEs (Our Small Hands to Make You Large) (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    MSMEs (Our Small Hands to Make You Large)

    Overview

    • Formal & informal MSMEs make up 90 % of all firms, 70 % employment and 50 % world՚s GDP
    • World Bank – 600 million jobs required to absorb global workforce by 2030
    • 65 million firms or 40 % of fo…

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  • 2 Bamboo (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Bamboo

    Types of Bamboo

  • 3 Empower Rural Women (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra, Women/Minority Empowerment ]

    Empower Rural Women

    Overview

    • 71 % women in agriculture, 9 % manufacturing and 6 % in construction in rural areas
    • Non-farm work in rural areas is skewed towards males
    • 60 % self-employed, 23 % casual labourer, 11 % salaried employees
  • Dec 3, 2020
  • 1 Self-Reliant India (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Self-Reliant India

    Overview

    • 68.8 % population in rural area
    • 72.4 % workforce in rural area
    • 47 % contribution to NDP
    • Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana
    • Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund – June 2020 – investment in dairy, animal feed and meat
  • 2 Reboot Rural Economy (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Reboot Rural Economy

    Overview

    • Horticulture package extended to UT of Kashmir and Ladakh
    • Generate 44 lakh man days of employment
    • 10,000 FPOs promoted under “one district one product”
    • Reforms
    • Contract farming
    • E-nam
    • Soil health cards
    • Krishi Sinchai Yojana
    • Fasal Bima Yojana

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  • 3 Government Schemes - Rural (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Government Schemes - Rural

    Overview

    • MNREGA
    • Youth as entrepreneurs
    • Livestock rearing
    • Digital villages
    • Cluster based specialized farming
    • Gandhi՚s Vision – Future if India lies in Villages
  • 4 Role of Agriculture (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Role of Agriculture

    Overview

    • 265 billion dollar economy – agriculture
    • 17 % of GDP
    • 60 - 70 % workforce
    • 1/4th world՚s farmers
    • 48 % world՚s arable land
    • 2nd largest – wheat, rice, vegetables
    • 1st – milk and pulses
    • 3rd – food grains
    • Agricultural sector growth is 60 % more than…

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  • 5 Doubling Farmers Income (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Doubling Farmers Income

    Overview

    • Need for 10.41 % increase in farmer՚s income
    • 6 year strategy from 2016 to 2022
    • % population dependent on agriculture declined to 48 % in 2011 from 85 % in 1951
    • Past strategy – raise output & improve food security – not for farmer…

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  • 6 Food Processing Industry (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Food Processing Industry

    Overview

    • Industry growing at 8.19 % in last 4 - 5 years
    • 9.17 % and 11.07 % of Gross value Added in manufacturing and agriculture sector
    • Largest number of factories and people engaged – 51.11 lakh workers and 14.18 % employment in unreg…

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  • 7 Rural Self-Reliant Strategies (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Rural Self-Reliant Strategies

    Overview

    • Amended essential commodities act – reduce interference by removing cereals, pulses, oilseeds, onion and potato from essential commodities – attract more investment (but in extraordinary situation of disaster or war – regulation will be impose…

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  • 8 Empower Migrants (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Empower Migrants

    Proposed work under Garib Kalyan
    Sr NoList of Work
    1Construction of community sanitation centre
    2Construction of poultry shed
    3Construction of Vermicompost
    4Construction of gram Panchayat Bhawan
    5Construction of cattle shed
    6Construction of goat shed
    7Works under finance commission funds

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  • Dec 1, 2020
  • 1 Coal Gasification (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Coal Gasification

    Coal is blown with oxygen and steam at elevated temperature to produce syngas -

    Overview

    • The gas is used in industries like fertilizer plants, for urea manufacturing, in methanol plants and in the power sector. To produce urea, natural gas is consumed as a feedsto…

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  • 2 Coal Consumers (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Coal Consumers

    Electricity

    Cement, Steel and Sponge iron

    • 70 % of the coal used in India goes into generating power by thermal and captive power plants. Utility-based coal power plants consumed 608 million tonnes of coal in 2018, of which 62 million tonnes, or 10 % , wa…

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  • 3 Changing in Mining (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Changing in Mining

    2015

    2019

    2020

    Overview

    • Coal Mines (Special Provision) Act, 2015. As per the law, these private players, which require captive production of fuel, would secure the mine through the auction route while the government may allot coal mines to public sector companies
    • In …

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  • 4 Coal Auction (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Coal Auction

    Weighted forest cover

    Overview

    As many as 33 mines were auctioned to private players and 49 were allotted to PSUs

    No-Go Areas

    • Under Stage I, clearance is granted but the user agency or the private company has to pay the Net Present Value and meet conditions u…

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  • 5 Decision Rule I & II (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Decision Rule I

    • DSS automatically considers an area inviolate
    • If it falls within a protected area (national park or wildlife sanctuary)
    • Has very dense forest within a km
    • has a patch of forest type whose geographical area in the entire country is less than 50
    • Is in direct catchment of…

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  • 6 Black Coal (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Black Coal

    MoEF - formulate parameters to identify pristine forest areas where any non-forestry activity would lead to irreversible damage. 6 parameters are: hydrological value, landscape integrity, wildlife value, biological richness, forest type and forest cover

    Auction…

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  • 7 Sierra Leone (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Sierra Leone

    Civil War 2002 – 50,000 killed; 2 million displaced

    Hemorrhagic Fever 2013

    Ebola 2016

    Poorest nation

    Overview

    • Sierra Leone was one of the poorest countries in the world and it still is. However, the latest Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) shows the c…

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  • 8 Biological Diversity Act (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Biological Diversity Act

    People՚s Biodiversity Register

    Hortus Malabaricus

    Structure of BDA

    Overview

    • Biological Diversity Act (BDA) , 2002, and Rules, 2004 (in line with 1992 Convention for Biodiversity by UNEP) , were enacted and mandates the constitution of committees by local self-…

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