Based on down to Earth: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2021 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • Mar 10, 2021
  • 1 Tea in Uttarakhand and Poverty COVID & World (DTE 16-31 October 2020) [ Economy, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Tea in Uttarakhand

    • Dehradun: 486 ha
    • Kasuani: 158 ha
    • Malla Katyur: 205 ha
    • Local brand: Nandadevi

    UPASI-9 variety uses NPK, bio-fertilizer and farmyard manure – recommended due to its drought tolerance, frost resistance, high yield and ability to withstand slightly high pH.

    • Uttarakhand i…

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  • 2 Facial Recognition (DTE 16-31 October 2020) [ Science/Technology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Facial Recognition

    • Use image to create mathematical representation of a person՚s face
    • 1st stage: detect face using camera auto focus
    • 2nd stage: facial signatures - length of the jawline, spacing between the eyes, dimensions of the nose, mouth, and ears
    • 3rd stage: facial features comp…

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  • 3 Agriculture Changes (DTE 16-31 October 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Agriculture Changes

    • Farmers՚ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020, allows the sale of agricultural produce outside the mandis or markets regulated by the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committees (APMCs) & constituted by different state legislations
    • Fa…

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  • 4 Lakes Beneath Glaciers in Mars and Ethical Issues in Covid Vaccine (DTE 16-31 October 2020) [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Lakes Beneath Glaciers in Mars

    • In region Ultimi Scopuli: 3 salty waterbodies underneath icy glaciers possibility of microbial extraterrestrial life on Mars and its habitability for humans
    • Findings by Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding (MARSIS) aboard the Mar…

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  • 5 Milk and WTO (DTE 16-31 October 2020) [ Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Milk

    • Kitab al-tabikh, an Arab cookbook from Baghdad, has recipes with sweet almond milk as an ingredient
    • In 1390s, the formed of Curry, a collection of 200 medieval English recipes, mentioned “almand mylke” , or almond milk.

    5 categories of plant-based milk:

    • cereal-based (like oat, r…

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  • 6 New Normal and Vultures (DTE 15-31 September 2020) [ Science/Technology, Down-to-Earth ]

    New Normal

    • Need for Farmer, Education, Employment and Distress (FEED)
    • Sanitizers also contain chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, isopropyl alcohol, glycerol, and ethanol that need to be bought and sold in licensed premises – high level of adulteration is seen

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  • 7 Suicides and Mass Extinction (DTE 15-31 September 2020) [ Science/Technology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Suicides

    • Late Devonian - The event also shaped our own evolution because it led to the extinction of the first four-legged “tetrapod՚s.” These were “fish” whose fins had evolved to become limbs with between six and eight fingers …

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  • 8 Farmers (DTE 15-31 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Farmers

    Overview

    • Low farm income - farm-level risks vis-à-vis crop losses (or output reduction) due to weather variation, pest infestation, animal attacks and crop price volatility
    • Decline in its contribution to India՚s GDP - 51 per cent in 1950 - 51 to 15 per c…

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  • Mar 10, 2021
  • 1 Vaccines (DTE 15-31 September 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Vaccines

    Overview

    • Every virus has an evolutionary cycle. that՚s why all pandemics, including the most devastating Spanish flu in 1918 - 20, died a natural death
    • We still do not know what number of antibodies will neutralize it
    • Research on the SARS vaccine stoppe…

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  • 2 Positivity Rate and EIA Notification 2020 (DTE 15-31 September 2020) [ Environment/Ecology, Committees/Govt. Bodies, Down-to-Earth ]

    Positivity Rate

    • A low positivity rate means that testing levels are sufficient for the scale of the epidemic and surveillance is penetrating the community enough to detect resurgence. A high positivity rate indicates that testing is limited to people with high suspicion and may mi…

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  • 3 Raota Village and Coal & Carbon Emissions (DTE 15-31 September 2020) [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Raota Village

    • On Delhi-Haryana border
    • Wastewater from Najafgarh drain (Sahibi river)
    • Due to unregulated construction on Najafgarh wetland (shrunk from 220 to 7 sq. km) .
    • The drain gets wastewater from residential colonies and industries in Gurugram – 50 % Gurugram sewage is here
    • More …

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  • 4 Kashmir (DTE 15-31 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Kashmir

    • Limited usable land due to mountainous terrain
    • karewas (fertile hilly land lacustrine in nature) are suitable for agriculture
    • 100 fastest urbanizing area – Srinagar with annual growth rate of 2.5 % .
    • Wetlands are turning to waste bodies.

    Overview

    • During the lockdown, they start…

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  • 5 Panama Disease of Banana and Spread of Panama Disease (DTE 15-31 September 2020) [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Panama Disease of Banana

    • By Fusraium oxysporum, a soil fungus – strain F oxys-porum f sp cubense Tropical race 4, or TR4 lethal to 80 % of 1000 varieties
    • 1st in Taiwan 50 years ago; in Asia in 1970, Australia in 1997, Africa in 2013 and in Latin America in 2019 – affecting $ 25 bil…

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  • Jan 21, 2021
  • 1 Kachnar: Turn over a Delicious Leaf [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Kachnar: Turn over a Delicious Leaf

    • The leaves of Kachnar are beautiful and nutritious at the same time.
    • The leaves also have anti-ulcer properties.
    • These are consumed to protect the kidneys and liver.

    Overview

    • The flowers of Kachnar look like orchids.
    • Kachnar…

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  • 2 India Among Top 10 Countries Gaining Forest Area in the World [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    India Among Top 10 Countries Gaining Forest Area in the World

    • According to Global Forest Resource Assessment (FRA) , India has ranked third among the top 10 countries that have gained in forest areas in the last decade.
    • Global FRA has been brought out by the Food and Agricultural O…

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  • 3 Pesticide Management Bill 2020 [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Bills, Committees/Govt. Bodies, Down-to-Earth ]

    Pesticide Management Bill 2020

    • The proposed Pesticides Management Bill, 2020 aims to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968.

    • The legislation is riddled with lacunae and requires in-depth deliberations by a Select Committee of Parliament before it can come into effect.

    • Bharat Krishak Sam…

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  • 4 Researchers Develop Thin Lightweight Solar Cells [ Science/Technology, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Researchers Develop Thin Lightweight Solar Cells

    • New generation of thin, lightweight, and flexible solar cells have been devised by researchers using inkjet printing.
    • The cells are scalable and can capture energy from light.
    • They offer an alternative way to power novel electronic de…

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  • 5 AI GPT 3 [ Science/Technology, Down-to-Earth ]

    AI GPT 3

    • A new technology has been developed in Artificial Intelligence known as GPT-3.
    • it՚s an AI that is better at creating content that has a language structure (human or machine language) than anything that has come before it.
    • GPT-3 has been created by Open AI; a research busine…

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  • Dec 30, 2020
  • 1 Irregularities in Non-Profits’ Owl Conservation Efforts [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Irregularities in Non-Profits՚ Owl Conservation Efforts

    • A forest inquiry has found irregularities in a non-profit՚s owl conservation efforts.
    • The non- profit is involved in owl conservation in core area inside the Melaghat Tiger Reserve.
    • Melaghat Tiger Reserve is in Maharashtra.

    Over…

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  • 2 Earth’S Inner Core is Older Than Previously Determined [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Earth՚s Inner Core is Older Than Previously Determined

    • The estimate of the age of Earth՚s solid inner core has been revised by researchers.
    • They have revised it from 565 million years to 1 - 1.3 billion years.
    • Over the years, estimates for core age have fluctuated.

    Ove…

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  • Dec 24, 2020
  • 1 Covid Impact – GDP Loss: (DTE 1-15 September 2020) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Covid Impact – GDP Loss

    Overview

    • Maharashtra will contribute 14 per cent of the country՚s total GDP loss, Goa will witness the maximum per capita loss of over ₹ 1,00, 000. In Delhi, the per capita loss will be close to ₹ 90,000.
    • Ethiopia, which introduced a lo…

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  • 2 Sustainability Increases if Ethanol is Made from Sugarcane Juice [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Sustainability Increases if Ethanol is Made from Sugarcane Juice

    • Sugarcane is a cash crop that requires large amount of water and land to cultivate.
    • It has enjoyed immense political patronage which led to India becoming the second-largest sugarcane producer.
    • However, the country has…

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  • Dec 23, 2020
  • 1 Centre Launches Pilot Project to Reduce Emissions from Agriculture [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Centre Launches Pilot Project to Reduce Emissions from Agriculture

    • The Union government recently launched Green-Ag project in Mizoram.
    • The aim of the project is to reduce emissions from agriculture and ensure sustainable agricultural practices.
    • The project is designed to achieve mul…

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  • Dec 19, 2020
  • 1 New Influenza Virus Isolated in Pigs in China [ Science/Technology, Down-to-Earth ]

    New Influenza Virus Isolated in Pigs in China

    • A new re-assorted influenza virus has been identified by scientists from pigs in China.
    • The virus has pandemic potential.
    • The study has been published in Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) , a US journal.
    • The study was bas…

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  • 2 E-Waste to Increase 38% by 2030 [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    E-Waste to Increase 38 % by 2030

    • The Global E-waste Monitor, 2020 report has been released.
    • As per the report, global e-waste will increase by 38 percent in the decade between 2020 and 2030.
    • There was 53.6 MT e-waste in 2019.
    • That is a nearly 21 percent increase in just five years.

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  • 3 The Theme of National Doctors Day [ Health, Important Days, Down-to-Earth ]

    National Doctors Day

    • National doctor՚s Day is celebrated on July 1 every year.
    • The theme of National Doctor՚s Day, 2020 is – “Lessen the mortality of COVID-19” which is dedicated to the hard work of doctors amid the pandemic.
    • The day is celebrated to thank doctors and physicians for…

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  • 4 Paddy Puzzle [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Paddy Puzzle

    • A unique tussle has been going on between Haryana government and the state՚s paddy farmers for some time now.
    • The state government encouraged farmers to grow paddy for more than 50 years since the Green Revolution.
    • But now the government wants them to shift to other cro…

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  • 5 Hilsa Vanishing from Poor and Middle Class People’S Menu in Odisha [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Hilsa Vanishing from Poor and Middle Class People՚s Menu in Odisha

    • Hilsa, a prized variety of fish, is vanishing from the menu of poor and middle class people in Odisha.
    • The reasons are
      • Over-exploitation of fish stocks
      • Construction of dams
      • Usage of gill nets
      • Climatic factors

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  • 6 Upgrade Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary to a National Park [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Amid Coal Mining Row Assam Government Decides to Upgrade Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary to a National Park

    • The Assam government has decided to upgrade the 111.942 sq. km Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary in to a National Park.
    • It is located within the larger Dehing Patkai Elephant…

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  • 7 Climate Change Can Affect Diseases Spread by Insect Vectors [ Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    Climate Change Can Affect Diseases Spread by Insect Vectors

    • Recently, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and International Livestock research Institute (ILRI) released a report.
    • Report says that climate change is a major factor in disease emergence.
    • The survival, reproduc…

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