Economics: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2021 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • Dec 3, 2020
  • 1 Food Processing Industry (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Food Processing Industry

    Overview

    • Industry growing at 8.19 % in last 4 - 5 years
    • 9.17 % and 11.07 % of Gross value Added in manufacturing and agriculture sector
    • Largest number of factories and people engaged – 51.11 lakh workers and 14.18 % employment in unreg…

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  • 2 Rural Self-Reliant Strategies (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Rural Self-Reliant Strategies

    Overview

    • Amended essential commodities act – reduce interference by removing cereals, pulses, oilseeds, onion and potato from essential commodities – attract more investment (but in extraordinary situation of disaster or war – regulation will be impose…

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  • 3 Empower Migrants (Kurukshetra August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Kurukshetra ]

    Empower Migrants

    Proposed work under Garib Kalyan
    Sr NoList of Work
    1Construction of community sanitation centre
    2Construction of poultry shed
    3Construction of Vermicompost
    4Construction of gram Panchayat Bhawan
    5Construction of cattle shed
    6Construction of goat shed
    7Works under finance commission funds

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  • Dec 1, 2020
  • 1 Coal Gasification (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Coal Gasification

    Coal is blown with oxygen and steam at elevated temperature to produce syngas -

    Overview

    • The gas is used in industries like fertilizer plants, for urea manufacturing, in methanol plants and in the power sector. To produce urea, natural gas is consumed as a feedsto…

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  • 2 Coal Consumers (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Coal Consumers

    Electricity

    Cement, Steel and Sponge iron

    • 70 % of the coal used in India goes into generating power by thermal and captive power plants. Utility-based coal power plants consumed 608 million tonnes of coal in 2018, of which 62 million tonnes, or 10 % , wa…

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  • 3 Changing in Mining (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Changing in Mining

    2015

    2019

    2020

    Overview

    • Coal Mines (Special Provision) Act, 2015. As per the law, these private players, which require captive production of fuel, would secure the mine through the auction route while the government may allot coal mines to public sector companies
    • In …

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  • 4 Coal Auction (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Coal Auction

    Weighted forest cover

    Overview

    As many as 33 mines were auctioned to private players and 49 were allotted to PSUs

    No-Go Areas

    • Under Stage I, clearance is granted but the user agency or the private company has to pay the Net Present Value and meet conditions u…

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  • 5 Decision Rule I & II (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Decision Rule I

    • DSS automatically considers an area inviolate
    • If it falls within a protected area (national park or wildlife sanctuary)
    • Has very dense forest within a km
    • has a patch of forest type whose geographical area in the entire country is less than 50
    • Is in direct catchment of…

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  • 6 Black Coal (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Black Coal

    MoEF - formulate parameters to identify pristine forest areas where any non-forestry activity would lead to irreversible damage. 6 parameters are: hydrological value, landscape integrity, wildlife value, biological richness, forest type and forest cover

    Auction…

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  • 7 Sierra Leone (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Sierra Leone

    Civil War 2002 – 50,000 killed; 2 million displaced

    Hemorrhagic Fever 2013

    Ebola 2016

    Poorest nation

    Overview

    • Sierra Leone was one of the poorest countries in the world and it still is. However, the latest Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) shows the c…

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  • 8 Biological Diversity Act (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Biological Diversity Act

    People՚s Biodiversity Register

    Hortus Malabaricus

    Structure of BDA

    Overview

    • Biological Diversity Act (BDA) , 2002, and Rules, 2004 (in line with 1992 Convention for Biodiversity by UNEP) , were enacted and mandates the constitution of committees by local self-…

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  • Nov 27, 2020
  • 1 Dharavi Biggest Slum of Asia (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Dharavi Biggest Slum of Asia

    Overview

    • 0.86 Million people live here — every sq. km houses 0.2 million people, making it 600 times more densely populous than the country average. Spread over 2.2 sq. km in the heart of Mumbai - dotted with 300 cm x 300 cm shacks, d…

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  • 2 Agriculture in Africa – AWS (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Health, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Agriculture in Africa – AWS

    Weather Stations

    TAHMO

    Hydromet Program

    GeoNetCast

    Overview

    • In absence of a robust forecasting infrastructure, mobile phones can improve climate resilience of African farmers
    • UNEP forecast – Africa worst hit by climate resilient
    • In Africa, there is one weather…

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  • 3 Post Covid Fear (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Post Covid Fear

    • Vaccination Priorities
      • 1st priority – Healthcare worker
      • 2nd priority – High risk population
      • 3rd priority – Areas with high disease spread
      • 4th priority – universal coverage
    • Breathlessness
    • Panic attacks
    • Fatigued
    • Irregular heartbeat
    • Renal issues
    • Liver issues
    • Ophthalmic issues
    • Ind…

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  • 4 Black Holes – Eddington Limit (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Black Holes – Eddington Limit

    • When black holes merge – gravitation waves (jiggling in space and time) but now light and fireworks were registered (collision was heard and seen) - Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) operated by th…

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  • 5 Tit Bits (DTE 16-31 August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Down-to-Earth ]

    Tit Bits

    • According to global advocacy group Water Aid, more than 163 million people in the country do not have access to safe drinking water, which is the highest in the world
    • Kitchen gardens on rise – small farmers
    • Spike in polio cases where Oral Polio Vaccine is given – Immunodefi…

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  • Nov 23, 2020
  • 1 India China Relations and Territorial Security (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    India China Relations and Territorial Security

    • Border transgressions since the 1990s, Depsang Plains incident in 2013, Chumar incident in 2014 and 2015, and Doklam incident in 2017.
    • The recent tensions simultaneously at Nathu La in Sikkim and Pangong Tso and Galwan in the western s…

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  • 2 Weaving National Honour (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    Weaving National Honour

    • Every year about 35 - 40 thousand meters of Khadi is being produced in the center.
      • 25 - 30 thousand meters is flag cloth only.
      • The center has about 250 spinners and about 50 weavers spread over nearby 7 villages.
      • The flag cloth production amounts to ₹ 1.2 to 1…

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  • 3 Diverse Culture of Millet (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    • Millets are a group of small seeded grasses used as cereals.
    • Millets or ‘Mota Anaaj’ as they were referred to just a few years ago is increasingly becoming more popular.
    • Also referred to as ‘coarse cereals’ , these miracle foods were notified by the government of India as ‘Nutri-Ce…

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  • 4 Memorial Stones of Jammu and Kashmir (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    • Hundreds of memorial stones in Jammu and Kashmir are unprotected and undocumented.
    • Earliest examples of memorial stones date back to circa 2nd 3rd century CE.
    • Memorial stones reflect a widespread practice based on the tenets of ‘hero worship’ as well as ‘ritual death’ like ‘Praya’ …

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  • 5 Harmony through Dance (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    Dance has been a unifying element in a world divided and diversified by various issues like social status, religion, language, and culture.

    Classical Dances Forms

    • Bharatanatyam a more than 2000 years old dance form of Tamil Nadu
    • Kuchipudi from Andhra Pradesh a dance-drama tradition …

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  • 6 Culture: a Unifying Force (Vibrant Gujarat) (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    • Enticing tunes of folk garba and the captivating sounds of dhols.
    • “Maru Gujarat” (My Gujarat) is the biggest unifying force.
    • Sharing borders with Maharashtra and Mewar in olden times.
    • Traditional handicrafts like Kutchhi embroidery and Patola sarees.
    • A taste of the hot and spicy wagh…

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  • 7 Temple Inscriptions of Tamil Nadu (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    Temple Inscriptions of Tamil Nadu

    • More than 50,000 lines of inscriptions in Tamil Nadu temples.
    • The lines are not concerned with religion, philosophy, or mythology.
    • Most of the inscriptions deal with local administration of land and water.
    • They are about disputes, allocations, or gif…

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  • 8 Maharashtra: Richly Diverse and Vibrant (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    Visual Arts

    • This range from the enthralling rock sculptures found in the caves and grottos to the astounding wall paintings.
    • Distinct temple architecture to the unique Chitrakathi and Ganjifa paintings.
    • Warli paintings to the attractive Rangoli to recently discovered Petroglyphs (ro…

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  • Nov 23, 2020
  • 1 Bamboo Rejuvenating Rural Economy (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    • A natural indigenous raw material that can rejuvenate the rural economy.
    • Green gold and a key resource for building climate resilience and catalyzing an inclusive green economy.
    • A perennial renewable resource.
    • Impacts both the agricultural and industrial sector.
    • Environment friendly …

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  • 2 Compositions of Ameer Khusro-Delhi and Important Aspects of Heritage and Diversity in the Northeast [ Economy, Yojana ]

    Compositions of Ameer Khusro-Delhi

    • Abul Hasan Yamin al-Din Khusro known as Ameer Khusro Dehlawi was a musician, scholar, and poet.
    • A Sufi Mystic and Spiritual disciple of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi.
    • He enriched Hindustani classical music with Persian and Arabic elements.
    • Vario…

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  • 3 Ranmale-Goa (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    Ranmale-Goa

    • Ranmale is a ritualistic and folk theatre form based on mythological stories.
    • Popular Indian epics of Ramayana and Maharashtra.
    • It is presented during the Holi festival, which is celebrated as Shigmo (spring festival) in Goa and Konkan areas.
    • Ran means battle and Male mea…

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  • Nov 20, 2020
  • 1 Unique Identity of Northeast Region (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    • Earliest human footprints have been traced back to the early Stone Age or Palaeolithic age between 40,000 and 35,000 years ago.
    • Population density is lowest in Arunachal Pradesh
    • Home to people belonging to various human races.
      • Ethnologists pointing at the presence of traces of Negri…

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  • 2 Indian Music & Its Philosophical Nature (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Yojana ]

    • s prayer and offering.
    • The Sikh Kirtans are rendered in the Raga and Tala of Indian classical music.
    • The music is being used as a direct means for formal worship.
    • The notation of thirty-one Ragas of classical music has been supplied with the necessary particulars in the Guru Granth …

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  • 3 Shadow Puppets (Yojana August 2020) [ Economy, Agriculture/Agro Industries, Yojana ]

    Shadow Puppets

    There are six shadow puppet theater traditions across different regions in India.

    Puppets made of goat or deerskin

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