Education: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2020 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • Jul 27, 2020
  • 1 SOWA-RIGPA: National Institute for SOWA RIGPA [ Education, Economy ]

    National Institute for Sowa Rigpa

    • In November 2019, the Union Cabinet of India had approved setting up of National Institute of Sowa-Rigpa (NISR) at Leh, Union Territory of Ladakh.

    • Will be an autonomous national institute under the Ministry of AYUSH.

    • It will undertake interdis

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  • 2 SOWA-RIGPA: Infrastructure in India, Origin, Training and Education [ Education, Economy ]

    • Ministry of Ayush.

    • One of the oldest, living and well documented medical tradition of the world.

    • Derived from Bhoti language which means ‘Knowledge of Healing’.

    • Commonly known as Amchi system of medicine.

    • Practice of Sowa-Rigpa is similar to “Ayurveda”.

    Practiced Locations

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  • 3 Other Tribes in India [ Education, Economy, Environment/Ecology ]

    Tribes 1

    • Bagri Tribes

    • Banjara Tribes

    • Ahir Tribes

    • Asur Tribes

    • Bodo tribes

    • Hmar Tribes

    • Bhutia Tribes

    • Andamanese Tribes

    Tribes 2

    • Khasi Tribes

    • Bhil Tribes

    • Gaddi Tribes

    • Dhodia Tribes

    • Angami Tribes

    • Chakmas Tribe

    • Oran Tribe

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  • 4 Gujjars [ Education, Economy, Environment/Ecology ]

    • Mainly inhabit in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.

    • Alternative spellings include Gurjara, Gujar, Gurjjar, Gujjar and Gojar.

    • They mainly follow Hindu and Muslim religions.

    • They regard th

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  • 5 Other Important Tribes in Jammu and Kashmir [ Education, Economy ]

    Gaddi Tribe

    • During winters Gaddis lived with their cattle in the low hills of the range Shiwalik allowing the cattles to graze in the forest undergrowth.

    • During April, they move north and spend the summer in Lahul and Spiti valley.

    • They cross the Pir Panjal parse and entered t

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  • 6 Gurjar Bakarwals: Occupation, Kinship Groups, Locations, Tribes, Languages, Economy [ Education, Economy ]

    • Mostly-Sunni Muslim.

    • The word Gurjar is derived from the term gaucharana which means to graze cows.

    • Based in the Pir Panjal and Himalayan mountains of South Asia.

    • Mainly goatherds and shepherds.

    • They have remained marginal forces in Kashmir Politics.

    • They have an organized

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  • Jul 23, 2020
  • 1 AICTE Instruction to Colleges/Institutions [ Education ]

    AICTE Instruction to Colleges/Institutions

    • Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, lockdown is being observed in the country.

    • During this period of crisis, AICTE has issued instructions to colleges and institutions. AICTE has directed the institutions as well as colleges to ensure safety

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  • Jul 2, 2020
  • 1 SOWA-RIGPA and National Institute for Sowa Rigpa [ Education ]

    • Ministry of Ayush.

    • One of the oldest, living and well documented medical tradition of the world.

    • Derived from Bhoti language which means ‘Knowledge of Healing’.

    • Commonly known as Amchi system of medicine.

    • Practice of Sowa-Rigpa is similar to “Ayurveda”.

    Practiced Locations

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  • Jun 26, 2020
  • 1 IISc 16th Among 100 Universities [ Education ]

    IISc 16th Among 100 Universities

    • Times Higher education (THE), BRICS and Emerging Economies Ranking 2016 list was released recently.

    • Times Higher education is a London-based university ranking agency which ranks 200 universities from 35 emerging nations including BRICS (Brail,

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  • Jun 10, 2020
  • 1 Education Sector Budget and Skills, Employment and Human Resource Development: STRIVE and USTTAD Scheme [ Yojana, Education ]

    Improvement in system level indicators. These system level indicators include school size, school standard evaluation and continuous professional development of teachers.

    • Sourcing of External Commercial Borrowings and FDI to deliver higher quality education.

    • Under its “Study i

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  • Jun 2, 2020
  • 1 Bioinformatics and Cyber Security [ Education, Policy/Governance, Computers & ICT ]


    • An interdisciplinary field.

    • Develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.

    • Application of Bioinformatics to biological, medical and health research.

    • It can provide personalized instruction and enable students to learn at their own pace.

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  • 2 Cognitive Cloud Computing, Angular and React and Intelligent Apps (I – Apps) [ Education, Policy/Governance, Computers & ICT ]

    An extended ecosystem of traditional Cloud and Cognitive Computing. The next big evolution in the IT industry.

    • Converses in human languages.

    • Helps in better decision making thereby understanding the complexities of Big Data.

    • IBM, Microsoft, Google and Cisco have already start

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  • 3 IoT or Internet of Things and Robotic Process Automation [ Education, Policy/Governance, Computers & ICT ]

    IoT or Internet of Things

    Interlinking of digital services with people, machines and appliances. This interlinking is done through wireless networks.

    • To be used as a part of Digital India Mission by the government of India.

    • A draft policy has already been published the Departm

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  • 4 Deep Learning and Blockchain [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Deep Learning

    Involves building computer programs. A subset of machine learning.

    • Uses some machine learning techniques to solve real-world problems.

    • Mimics the structure of animal brains.

    • For data processing, many layers of artificial neurons are used.

    • Can be used to transcr

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  • 5 Mihir and Quantum Computing [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Mihir: High Performance Computing

    High performance computer system (HPC) or supercomputer Mihir (meaning Sun). National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), Noida.

    • Will provide facility for improving weather/climate forecasts.

    • Mihir is India’s largest HPC faci

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  • Jun 1, 2020
  • 1 CERT and Pratyush: Developments in 2020 [ Education, Policy/Governance ]


    • An acronym for Indian Computer Emergency Response Team.

    • Functions under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

    • Primary role is to raise security awareness among Indian cyber community.

    • To provide technical assistance.

    • Advise them to help them recover fr

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  • 2 Vidyanjali and National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) [ Education, Policy/Governance ]


    To strengthen the co-scholastic activities in government schools. Involve volunteers from different walks of life.

    • Is being implemented under the overall aegis of the Samagra Shiksha.

    • Enhance the community involvement in Government schools.

    • Effectively engage child

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  • 3 ARIIA and PISA: 2020 Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements and Programme for International Student Assessment [ Education, Policy/Governance ]


    Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements. Considers all major indicators which are commonly used globally.

    • To rank most innovative education institutions/universities in the world.

    • Will focus on quality of innovations.

    • Will try to measure the real impact

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  • 4 NIRF 2019 Rankings [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Top 5 Engineering Institutions in India-2019:

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

    Top 5 Universities:

    • Indian Insti

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  • 5 Imprint and NIRF- the National Institutional Ranking Framework [ Education, Policy/Governance ]


    Flagship schemes of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). Launched in November, 2015.

    • Impacting Research, Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT).

    • A pan-IIT and IISc joint collaboration.

    • To develop a blueprint for research of immediate relevance to society.

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  • May 28, 2020
  • 1 Olabs for Schools and Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Olabs for Schools

    Lab experiments can be taught using the Internet, more efficiently and less expensively. These labs can also be made available to students with no access to physical labs.

    • Helps students in competing with the students in better equipped schools thereby bridgin

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  • 2 Cyber Dost and Cyber Crime Prevention Against Women and Children [ Education, Women/Minority Empowerment ]

    Cyber Dost

    Creation of a twitter handle- “@Cyber Dost”. Sensitization of millions of social media users having their accounts on Twitter for protection and prevention against cybercrimes.

    • This twitter handle can be used by the general public to register complaints about cyber-cr

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  • 3 Ericsson Report: The Changing Mobile Broadband Landscape and Loon for All-Internet for Everyone [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Ericsson Report: The Changing Mobile Broadband Landscape

    • While accessing internet across several locations, over 60 % mobile users in India are facing network problems.

    • The quality and reliability issues are being faced by the people depending upon the locations.

    • The reliabili

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  • 4 Typing in Indian Regional Languages: Government Programs in 2020- Essential for Net Neutrality [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Using the Phonetic Keyboard

    • Quillpad & lipikaar is a free online typing tool in Indian languages.

    • Translit eration technologies according to pre-defined rules are supported.

    • A translit eration technology is one that allows users to type words as they would casually do such as

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  • 5 Bhasha Sangam Initiative and Apache OpenOffice Writer [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Bhasha Sangam Initiative

    The Bhasha Sangam initiative under the “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat”. To provide multilingual exposure to students in Indian languages listed in Schedule VIII of the Constitution of India.

    • All CBSE heads have been suggested by the Ministry of Human Resou

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  • May 26, 2020
  • 1 Joyful Saturday Initiative of Rajasthan Government [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Rajasthan Government. To create an environment to learn without burden for the students of Class I to XII of government schools.

    • Initiative is part of the Samgra Shiksha Abhiyan (SMSA).

    To cultivate values in the students and enhance their creativity by conducting activities li

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  • 2 Pota Cabins and Pratibha Parv: Residential Schools for Children in LWE Affected Areas [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Pota Cabins

    Residential schools for children in LWE affected areas of Chhattisgarh. An innovative educational initiative for building schools with impermanent materials like bamboo and plywood in Chhattisgarh.

    • This initiative has helped reduce the number of out-of-school childr

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  • 3 Multiple Intelligence: Howard Gardner’s Psychological Theory about People and Their Intelligences [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Is Howard Gardner’s psychological theory about people and their different types of intelligences (logical, visual, musical etc).

    There are seven intelligences:

    • Visual/Spatial Intelligence

    • Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence

    • Logical/Mathematical Intelligence

    • Bodily/Kinesthetic Intel

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  • 4 Diskha-National Teacher Platform and Online Assessment-Saransh [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Diskha-National Teacher Platform

    An initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. A state-of-the-art platform built to host Open Educational Resources (OER).

    • Tools for Teachers in Schools, Teacher Educators in Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs)

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  • 5 Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Domains [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    The cognitive domain (Bloom, 1956). Involves knowledge and the development of intellectual skills.

    Cognitive Domain: Mental Skills (Knowledge)

    • Includes the recall or recognition of specific facts, procedural patterns, and concepts that serve in the development of intellectual a

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  • May 25, 2020
  • 1 Teachers, Teaching and ICTs [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Importance of traditional teacher leadership skills and practices. Lesson planning is important while using ICTs.


    • Introducing technology alone will not change the teaching and learning process.

    • ICTs seen as tools to help teachers create more ‘learner-centric’ learning

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  • 2 School Health Programme [ Education, Policy/Governance, Health ]

    Two teachers, preferably one male and one female, in every school designated as “Health and Wellness Ambassadors”. Training to transact health promotion and disease prevention information in the form of interesting activities for one hour every week. Every Tuesday may be dedicate

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  • 3 Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme and EQUIP [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme

    The Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme: DHRUV. Started by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. To identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge.

    • Children will be mentored and nurtured

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  • 4 Atal Innovation Mission and School Education Shagun [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Atal Innovation Mission

    A flagship initiative set up by the NITI Aayog. To promote innovation and entrepreneurship across the length and breadth of the country.


    • To create and promote an ecosystem of innovation and entrepreneurship across the country.

    • School, univers

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  • 5 Swachh Vidyalaya Puraskar: Eligibility and Criteria for Evaluation, Categories of Awards, Application [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Launched in 2016. To recognize, inspire and celebrate excellence in sanitation and hygiene practice in schools. To honour schools that have undertaken significant steps towards fulfilling the mandate of the Swachh Vidya

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  • 6 Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prizes [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Prize for Science and Technology. Instituted in the year 1957. In the memory of late Dr (Sir) Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, the founder director of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). CSIR aims at recognising outstanding Indian work in Science and Technology.


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  • May 22, 2020
  • 1 Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    DHRUV has been started by Ministry of Human Resource Development. To identify and encourage talented children to enrich their skills and knowledge. Children will be mentored and nurtured by renowned experts in different areas in centres of excellence across the country.


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  • 2 Impress Scheme: Objectives, Eligibility and Application [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Impactful Policy Research in Social Science (IMPRESS). An initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.

    • Is being implemented by the Indian Council of Social Science Research.

    • Aims to encourage social science research in policy relevant areas.

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  • 3 UGC (Online Courses) Regulations, Regulations Provide 2018 [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Meeting held on 24th May, 2018.

    Higher Educational Institutions can now offer:

    • Certificate

    • Diploma and Degree Programmes in full-fledged online mode

    • In line with their regular programs

    Overall Regulations Provide

    • Enabling provisions for maintaining sanctity of admissions.

    • T

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  • 4 Government Steps Against Ragging: Committee under Dr. R K Raghavan, Director CBI [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    The anti-ragging campaign got an impetus in 1999. The Hon’ble Supreme Court. In response to a PIL filed by the Vishwa Jagriti Mission, asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to issue guidelines to universities to curb ragging. Formation of a four membered committee by the U

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  • 5 Samagra Shiksha and Anti-Ragging Policies [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    An overarching programme for the school education sector. Extension from pre-school to class 12.

    Samagra Shiksha

    • Subsumes the three Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).


    • Quality education and e

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  • May 20, 2020
  • 1 Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) Policies and Schemes [ Education, Policy/Governance ]

    Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)

    • A Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).

    • Launched in 2013.

    • Aims at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions.


    • Improving the overall quality of state institutions.

    • Ensure reforms in the af

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  • May 18, 2020
  • 1 Key Intiatives in Education and Key Reforms in School Education [ Education, Yojana ]

    Formulating a New Education Policy

    • To meet the changing dynamics of the requirements of the population with regards to quality education.

    • Innovation and Research.

    • Equipping students with the necessary skills and knowledge.

    • Submission of Draft National Education Policy by Dr.

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  • 2 Quality Education for Weaker Sections and Disadvantaged Groups [ Education, Yojana ]

    Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009

    • Entitles every child of age 6 to 14 years to a right to free and compulsory education in a neighbourhood school till the completion of elementary education.

    • Section 8 (c) - Provides that the child belonging to w

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  • 3 Education and Technology for the Blind [ Education, Science/Technology ]

    Samagra Siksha-Education to children with special needs. A sea change in inclusive education.

    Educational Services for the Blind

    • 1887- A facility for the blind was launched in Amritsar.

    • 1944- Lt. Col Sir Chutha Mackenzie played a significant role in writing the GOI report on

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