Government Schemes & Projects: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2020 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • Jul 10, 2020
  • 1 UDAY 2.0 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    UDAY 2.0

    • UDAY 2.0 will be the next leg of reforms in power distribution.

    • Along with UDAY 2.0 government also plans to roll out a new tariff policy.

    • UDAY 2.0 and stricter tariff policy aim to rein in errant distribution utilities.


    • UDAY (

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  • Jul 7, 2020
  • 1 National CrèChe Scheme [ Science/Technology, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    National Crèche Scheme

    • National Crèche Scheme is being implemented from 1 - 1-2017 for providing day care facilities to the children of working mothers.

    • The scheme covers children of the age group six months to six years.

    • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under Ministry of Wo

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  • Jun 12, 2020
  • 1 Chenab Bridge: World’s Highest Bridge [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    At 359 metres from the river surface, Chenab Bridge will be the world’s highest bridge. Its length is 1.3 km and is being built in one of the world’s most difficult terrain. It is being developed with the help of DRDO.

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  • May 18, 2020
  • 1 Uighurs in China: Atrocities and Details [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    A Turkic minority ethnic group. One of the 56 recognized ethnic groups in China. Mostly Muslims. Recognized as native to the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China.

    • Uyghur is an official language of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region formerly known a

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  • May 17, 2020
  • 1 IndiGen Project: Whole Genome Sequencing [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    CSIR announcement. A whole-genome sequence. 1,008 Indians. Programme called “IndiGen”. Involve other government departments.

    • To map a larger swathe of the population in the country.

    • Project proponents- widen public understanding in India about genomes, information that genes h

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  • May 5, 2020
  • 1 MGNREGA Scheme Faces Fund Crunch [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    MGNREGA scheme has been in news recently due to the shortage of funds it is facing. In the budget 2019 - 20, Rs. 60,000 crores were allocated for the scheme. 96 % of the allocated money has already been spent.

    • 15 states have been identified where dues are pending.

    • Rajasthan ha

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  • Apr 30, 2020
  • 1 Parliament & State Legislature -Article 370, Article 35A [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Basis of Jammu and Kashmir’s accession to the Indian union. The original draft Article 306A (now 370) was passed in the Constituent Assembly on May 27,1949. The Indian-administered region jurisdiction is allowed to make its own laws in all matters except, finance, defence, foreig

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  • 2 Right Issues: Maratha Reservation, Waqf Properties [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Maratha Reservation

    Maharashtra government’s law on reservation for Marathas has been recently upheld by the Bombay High Court. The law proposed reservation benefits in education and public employment on the Maratha community. Creation of a group called Socially and Educationally

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  • 3 Official Secrets Act, Rafale Deal Case [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Official Secrets Act

    Stolen documents’in Rafale case. Imperative to understand the Official Secrets Act (OSA).

    Key Features

    • Spying or espionage which is dealt with in Section 3 of the Act.

    • Disclosure of other secret information of the government which is dealt with in Section

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  • 4 The Union: Privilege Motion [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Breach of privilege motion was moved against PM and Defence Minister. Misleading of the Parliament on the Rafale fighter jet deal issue. The members of Parliament, individually and collectively can enjoy certain rights and immunities.

    • Enables them to effectively discharge their

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  • Apr 29, 2020
  • 1 Lateral Entry, Anti-Surveillance Laws, NPE (Language), Strengthening Civil Societies [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Launch of lateral entry of joint secretaries by the Union government. A measure of reform in bureaucracy.

    Role of IAS Officers in Governance

    • Selected through the Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the UPSC.

    • IAS officer’s explicit approval is required for functioning

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  • 2 Elections: Usage of VVPATs and ETPBS in Elections and Electoral Bonds Case [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]


    Voter verifiable paper audit trial (VVPAT) is an independent system attached to an EVM. Allows the voters to verify that their votes are cast as intended. A slip is printed on the VVPAT printer containing the serial number, name and symbol of the candidate voted as soon as

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  • 3 Judiciary: Concerns with Collegium System and Court Supervised Mediation [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Scrapping of two decisions by the SC Collegium. Fresh appointments have been made by the Supreme Court. There is a sanctioned strength of 31 but the apex court is presently functioning with 26 judges.

    Elevation of Judges by the Supreme Court:

    • Justice Pradeep Nandrajog, the Chi

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  • Apr 26, 2020
  • 1 Government Policies /Interventions: Draft Indian Forest Act, 2019, Anti-Maritime Piracy Bill, UNCLOS [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Forest Act

    Recently released by the Union government. Proposal of an overhaul of the Indian Forest Act, 1927. Indian Forest Act, 1927 was imposed by the British rulers to take over Indian forests.

    Draft Indian Forest Act, 2019

    • Forest officials could govern areas declared as for

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  • 2 India and Its Neighbourhood - Belt Road Initiative [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Second BRI (Belt and Road Initiative) forum recently concluded in Beijing, China. India, U. S and other countries have concerns over the project since 2017.

    Concerns with BRI

    • A giant connectivity initiative by China.

    • Revival of the ancient Silk Road across Eurasia and Africa.

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  • Apr 24, 2020
  • 1 US President on Golan Heights [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Backing Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights by the United States. Seized from Syria in 1967.


    • President of the US decided to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

    • To move the US Embassy to the city.

    • Welcomed by the Israel.

    • Offensive to Palestinians

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  • 2 Libyan Crisis and Need of the Peace Talk [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    A peace initiative. By the Tripoli based government of Libya.

    Need of the Peace Talk

    • Attempts by Mr Haftar led LNA to oust the government of Mr. al-Sarraj (GNA) and to capture Tripoli.

    • Favorable view taken by the United States.

    • Aimed at stabilizing the war torn country.


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  • 3 US Government’s Response - Swiss EU treaty, Brexit, [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    American investigating agencies cracked down two IT staffing companies running “bench-and-switch” scheme. Arrest of four Indian-Americans. The perpetrators face a maximum potential penalty of 5 years in prison and a $250,000 fine.

    Swiss-EU Treaty

    • A battle in the share trading b

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  • Apr 20, 2020
  • 1 India at SCO Summit and Indo-US COMCASA Agreement [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    To attend the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation) summit as a full member. Both India and Pakistan became part of the grouping last year which was finalized at the summit held in Astana, Kazakhstan. Under the SCO Summit India enjoys an opportunity to showcase the kind of powe

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  • Apr 18, 2020
  • 1 Approval on Kartarpur Corridor and Status of Rohingyas [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Kartarpur Corridor

    Approved by the Cabinet. To enable smooth passage of pilgrims willing to visit Pakistan’s Kartarpur Sahib. Kartarpur Gurudwara stands on the bank of River Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.

    • Kartarpur Sahib is also supposed to be Guru Nanak’s final restin

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  • 2 Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY) and UBI (Universal Basic Income) Concept [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]


    Ministry of labour and employment. PMRY Joined Workforce- Over one crore new employees between August 2016 and March 2019.57 % of them came from 5 States- Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Haryana.

    • Operational since August 2016.

    • Launched for incentivising e

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  • 3 RSBY Implementation Challenges and Adopt a Heritage Scheme [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    RSBY Implementation Challenges

    Estimated workforce of 47 crores. Eight crores are organized workers. 39 crores are workers in the unorganized sector. Every year about 36 million families or 14 % of households face a medical bill.

    • RSBY was launched in 2008 as the health insuranc

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  • Apr 17, 2020
  • 1 Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Abhiyan [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Recently launched by the government of India. World’s largest health protection scheme. Coverage- To target over 10 crore families based on SECC (Socio-Economic Caste Census) database.

    • No cap on family size and age in the scheme.

    • Insurance Scheme Coverage- Pre and Post-hospita

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  • 2 Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Launched recently by the centre. To ensure better prices for farm produce. Related to paddy, wheat and other cereals and coarse grains where procurement is at MSP now.

    • PSS- Physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra will be done by Central Nodal Agencies.

    • NAFED and Foo

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  • Apr 11, 2020
  • 1 Road Safety Bill - Motor Vehicle Bill 2017, 2019 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill (2017)

    To better the quality of roads and improve safety standards. The bill has failed to make any progress in the Rajya Sabha since last year. Re-introduction in Parliament.


    • Potholes have become a major challenge for accidental deat

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  • Apr 10, 2020
  • 1 Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill and MSME Bill 2018 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Fugitive Economic Offender’s Bill 2018

    Approved by the Lok Sabha. Definition-The fugitive economic offender as an individual who has committed a scheduled offence or offences involving an amount of ₹100 crore or more. Absconded from India. Refused to come back to India to avoid f

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  • 2 Education: The “Institutes of Excellence” [ Education, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Marked with controversies and irrationality in approach. Made the entire “higher education reform process” look like a big sham. Clearly eroded the credibility of the initiative.

    “Institutes of Eminence” (IoE)

    • Proposed to be granted for some well performing universities.

    • Grea

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  • 3 Vulnerable Sections and Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    JJ Act 2000 was amended in 2015 with a provision allowing for Children in Conflict with Law (CCL). To be tried as adults under certain circumstances. Defines a child as someone who is under age 18. As per the amended Act, children in the age group 16 - 18 as a category which can

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  • 4 Global Care Crisis, Global Multidimensional Poverty Index, Happiness Report and Population Projections, Prison Projections [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Disaster Management ]

    Global Care Crisis

    Cautions of a severe shortage of care workers. There are unpaid and paid care works. Direct, personal and relational care activities. For example a mother feeding a baby or a son nursing his ill parents. Takes care of patients, aged people and people with simil

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  • 5 Government Interventions - Surrogacy Regulation Bill 2016 [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Practice where a woman agrees to give birth to a baby. Usually by artificial insemination or surgical implantation. On behalf of another couple.

    Surrogacy (Regulation Bill), 2016

    • Surrogacy is a $2.3 billion industry across India annually.

    • Lack of regulation and poverty.


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  • Apr 6, 2020
  • 1 Amendments to RTE Act 2019 - Rationale and Limitations [ Education, Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    An amendment to the Right to Education (RTE) Act has been approved by the Lok Sabha. No student could be held back/failed in a class until the end of elementary education i. e. Standard 8th Regular examination in classes V and VIII. To give a child additional opportunity to take

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  • 2 Skill Development and Healthcare [ Education, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Kurukshetra ]

    Improved health outcomes, Women empowerment, Job creation, Economic development and growth, New India@75 aims towards generating 15 lakh jobs in the public health sector by 2022.

    • Requirement of Mid-level Health Providers (MLHP) and Community Health Officers (CHOs).

    • Creation of

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  • Mar 31, 2020
  • 1 Former Pakistani President-Pervez Musharraf Case [ Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    A former military ruler. Death sentence for high treason. Resigned the presidency in 2008. Facing impeachment changes. Self-imposed exile until August 14,2010. Own political party, the All Pakistan Muslim League. Contested the general elections in 2013.

    • Lived under tight securi

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  • Mar 3, 2020
  • 1 Need for a New Antique Law and Anomaly Amendment to the Sports Broadcasting Signals Act [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    • Material culture- Groups such as littérateurs, historians, anthropologists and curators.

    • Laws have been framed with the agenda to preserve India’s material culture.

    • Rationality at the time of India’s Independence- Doesn’t fit with the country’s requirements.


    • Unders

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  • 2 Inter-State River Water Disputes Bill, 2019 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Was introduced in the Lok Sabha. Amends the Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, 1956. Provides for the adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-state rivers and river valleys. The central govt. may be requested by the state govt. to refer an inter-state river disput

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  • 3 Grounds of Opposition: Primary Reasons, Tamil Nadu Opposing and Mullaperiyar Issue [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    Acting of the National Dam Safety Authority as the SDSO. Owned by One State and Located in Another. Extends over Multiple States

    Primary Reasons

    • Owned by a central public sector undertaking.

    • The state of Tamil Nadu argues that the Supreme Court in 2014 upheld the rights of Tami

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  • Mar 2, 2020
  • 1 Dam Safety Bill 2018: Provisions and Bill to Address Issues Concerning Dam Safety Including [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Recently re-introduced in the Lok Sabha. 36 dam failures so far in the country. A lack of a uniform law and an administrative regime for dam safety.

    • Water is listed as a state subject.

    • Dam safety bill was first of all introduced in the Lok Sabha in 2010.


    • To help

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  • 2 Upgradation of Medical Colleges/Hospitals [ Policy/Governance, Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Government of India has decided to establish many new medical colleges in different states of the country. Its main aim is to establish district hospitals and medical colleges. Maximum number of medical colleges have been proposed for the state of Rajasthan.

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  • 3 Skill Development Programme Samarth Scheme [ Education, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Ministry of Textiles has recently launched a skill development programme name Samarth Scheme. It aims at capacity building and providing skills to the people across all value chains in the textile sector. Under Integrated Skill Development Scheme (ISDS) in the textiles sector, ar

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  • Feb 24, 2020
  • 1 Crime Against Children [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Recently the POCSO Act has been amended to make it more effective. It has been made more proactive in dealing with crimes against children, child abuse in the country. Uttar Pradesh accounts for maximum number of crimes against children, whereas Nagaland constitutes the least amo

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  • Feb 22, 2020
  • 1 Going Online as Leaders’ Programme, Key Characteristic, Outcomes of the Project [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    The Union Minister of State for Tribal Affairs recently announced the second phase of the program. The first phase was organized in March 2019. GOAL (Going Online as Leaders) is an initiative of Facebook to make tribal youth self-capable and self-reliant.

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  • Feb 14, 2020
  • 1 Financial Assistance to Sports Academies [ Policy/Governance, Sports, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    The government of India recently has provided financial assistance for the Khelo India Scheme. The assistance is provided to organizations run by the government under Khelo India Scheme to academies run by Sports Authority of India as well as different Non-SAI academies accredite

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  • Jan 28, 2020
  • 1 Atal Bhujal Yojana Scheme [ Health, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Indian Prime Minister launched Atal Bhujal Yojana on the occasion of the 95th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Atal Bhujal Yojana is a central sector scheme which the Union Cabinet approved with a total outlay of Rs. 6,000 crores and this is to be

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  • Jan 25, 2020
  • 1 Agricultural Produce Market Committee (AMPC) and Electronic National Agriculture Market ENAM [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    At the 6th World Congress on rural and Agriculture Finance, the finance Minister recommended all the state governments to dismantle APMCs and joint to eNAM, a Pan India Electronic trading platform. The government is planning to link all 7500 APMCs, weekly and bi-weekly temporary

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  • 2 Disha Act, 2019 [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    To protect the Women and Children against the sexual offense, new legislation bill has been passed by the state Government of Andhra Pradesh i. e. , Disha Bill, 2019. Disha Bill was amended after the death of a veterinarian doctor in Hyderabad. Under the bill, justice will be del

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  • Jan 9, 2020
  • 1 Harmonized System Code to India’s Khadi [ Economy, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    India’s Khadi has been allocated a separate harmonized system Code by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Harmonized system is a six-digit identification code being developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO). This code is also referred to as the Universal Economic Langu

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  • Jan 7, 2020
  • 1 Carbon Credit Smoke Screen CO2 emissions [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies, Down-to-Earth ]

    In 2018 COP24 in Katowice (is a city in southern Poland) finalises elements of the Paris Rulebook on the format for national targets, financial reporting, transparency requirements, and the global stocktake. In 2019 Russia Agreement. The US triggers one-year countdown to final wi

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  • 2 Seed Bombing in Chattisgarh [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Down-to-Earth ]

    Seed bombing is a technique that introduces vegetation by throwing or dropping seed balls on barren land. This technique implies aerial reforestation and within a week a green carpet appears over the vacant patches. People from Rehmla Village in Chattisgarh Lakhanpur block march

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  • Jan 2, 2020
  • 1 National Institute of Design Amendment Bill, 2019 (NIDAB) [ Science/Technology, Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills ]

    National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of Commerce and Industry on July 2019 to declare 4 National Institutes of Design as Institutions of National Importance. In the last 60 years, the parliament declared 141 institution

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  • 2 FASTag the technology of Radio frequency identification (RFID) [ Policy/Governance, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    FASTag Are Electrically Based Toll Collection System Implemented by the Indian Highway Management Company (IHMCC) and National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) Including National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI). Fastags Uses the Technology of Radio Frequency Identification (

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  • Dec 26, 2019
  • 1 🌟 Scheme of Assistance for Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drug) Abuse [ Health, Important Days, Govt. Schemes/Projects ]

    Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment implements Central Sector Scheme of ‘Assistance for Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drug) Abuse’ for identification, counseling, treatment, and rehabilitation. Financial assistance is provided for setting-up and running Integrate

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  • Dec 24, 2019
  • 1 2G Ethanol plant in Panipat [ Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    The government is planning to set up twelve 2G ethanol bio-refinery plants in 11 states in India including Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh with an investment of 10,000 crores. Indian Oil has

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  • Dec 23, 2019
  • 1 Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) [ Agriculture/Agro Industries, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Committees/Govt. Bodies ]

    Zero budget means without using any money or credit to purchase any inputs and other expenses in farming and natural farming means farming with nature and without chemicals. Farmers use products from nature like cow dung as manure. Zero Budget Natural Farming does not involve pes

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