Health: Point-Wise Current-Affairs/GS Articles 2020 (Including PIB)- Download PDF

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  • Aug 9, 2020
  • 1 Understanding Zoonotic Diseases [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Understanding Zoonotic Diseases

    • In the last two decades, world has seen many viral outbreaks-

      • Avian influenza

      • Ebola virus disease

      • Zika virus disease

      • Nipah virus disease

      • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

      • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)

    • Recent viral outbreak h

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  • 2 US FDA Grants Emergency Authorization for Remdesivir [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    US FDA Grants Emergency Authorization for Remdesivir

    • The emergency use authorization (EUA) has been granted to remdesivir by United States FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for patients of COVID-19.

    • Remdesivir is an anti-viral drug.

    • US based Gilead Sciences Inc. (Biopharmaceu

    … (271 more words) …

  • Aug 6, 2020
  • 1 Sanitise and Control: Symptoms of Yellow Fever [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Sanitise and Control

    • Yellow fever has become a dreaded disease in the Americas and Africa.

    • This diseases was more disastrous during the 19thand 20thcentury when cures were not readily available.

    • Some passengers from a shift that left Havana, Cuba carried the fever and spread i

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  • 2 Africa with Few Blessings: COVID-19 Vaccine [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Africa with Few Blessings

    • A fragile infrastructure and a high morbidity rate may put brakes on containment efforts.

    • African countries have been precautionary in facing the pandemic.

    • The 2014 Ebola outbreak has guided authorities to properly design and closely coordinate effort

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  • Aug 4, 2020
  • 1 India Gets New Monsoon Calendar and ESA’S Rover Mission to Mars [ Health ]

    India Gets New Monsoon Calendar

    New (in green) and existing (in red) dates for normal monsoon onset, progress and withdrawal

    • During 1901 - 1940 the existing dates were based on rainfall records.

    • Now IMD depends upon data collected during 1961 -

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  • 2 Fast-Food Industry-the Reluctant Game Changers [ Health ]

    • A significant role in fighting against drug resistance in the developed countries.

    • For e. g. McDonald’s doesn’t serve chicken treated with antibiotics in USA and has eliminated use of highest priority critically important antimicrobials for other countries such as Canada and so

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  • 3 Anak Krakatau Volcano Erupts Again [ Health ]

    Anak Krakatau Volcano Erupts Again

    • In the year 1883, Anak Krakatau Volcano erupted and spewed large amounts of sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere.

    • The global avg. Temperature was brought down by 1.2°C.

    • Anak Krakatau in the Indonesian language means “Child of Krakatau”.

    • This

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  • 4 Water Footprint and Consumption Levels [ Health ]

    Water Footprint and Consumption Levels

    Water Footprint and Consumption LevelsWater Footprint and Consumption Levels

    Steps That Will Help in Reducing Water Consumption Levels to Make Sure We Have Enough Water for Future.

    • We should try turning the tap at a level such that the fl

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  • 5 Gullible Creatures and Lessons from Corona or COVID-19 [ Health ]

    Gullible Creatures

    • The best example are the sea creatures who are also the dumbest and most gullible.

    • They confuse floating plastic in the ocean for food and eat it.

    • Every year nearly 80 lakh tonnes of plastic is dumped in our rivers, lakes and creeks.

    • Human’s produce 30 cror

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  • Aug 1, 2020
  • 1 Pandemic and the Panchayats [ Health ]

    • India’s local government take charge as the fight against COVID-19 enters its critical phase.

    • In Kerala and Odisha the entire pandemic dealing strategy is upon the panchayats.

    • At least 16 states have rolled out their COVID-19 emergency strategy with panchayats.

    • The union gove

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  • 2 Pharma Pollution [ Health ]

    • India has been unable to control pollution in its Pharma hubs in Telangana, Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu despite the environment protection rule, 1986.

    • Nearly 60,000 new-born’s a year die from superbug infections in India.

    • Pharmaceutical hubs:

      • Patancheru-Bollaram Industr

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  • 3 API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients) Business and COVID-19 [ Health ]

    API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients) Business and COVID-19

    • India and China produce the bulk of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) required by the Pharma industry across the world.

    • India can replace China as the preferred source of pharmaceutical ingredients.

    • For ensur

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  • 4 Pandemic and the Global Pharmaceutical Supply Chain [ Health ]

    Pandemic and the Global Pharmaceutical Supply Chain

    • A serious fault line has been exposed in the global pharmaceutical supply chain.

    • This fault line has been created by those industries who put profit before public health.

    • The countries are now scrambling for self-sufficiency

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  • 5 Ice Free Summers in Arctic and Silence Grips Forest [ Health ]

    Ice Free Summers in Arctic

    • According to a new research in less than 30 years summers in the Arctic Ocean will most likely be ice free.

    • The most ambitious carbon emissions cuts are unlikely to help.

    • The slashing greenhouse gases will only determine if Arctic summer ice vanishes

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  • 6 World’S First Zero-Waste Sustainable Chocolate Brand [ Health ]

    World’s First Zero-Waste Sustainable Chocolate Brand

    • Kocoatrait has become the world’s first zero-waste sustainable chocolate brand.

    • A vegan and gluten-free food product incubated at Cocoashala.

    • This brand has been developed by Nitin and Poonam Chordia a Chennai based couple.

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  • 7 Nod to Plasma Therapy and Heat Impact on COVID [ Health ]

    Nod to Plasma Therapy

    • The Indian Council of Medical Research approved the clinical trial of convalescent plasma therapy (CPT) for COVID-19 patients.

    • Plasma contains antinodes and is the yellowish liquid component of the blood that fight against the infections.

    • States like Kera

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  • Jul 27, 2020
  • 1 Covid19 Vaccine in Sight [ Health ]

    • At present 70 projects are under development phase to fight COVID-19.

    • Three vaccines have already reached the human testing stage.

    • 67 vaccines are still in pre-clinical levels.

    • This task of finding a vaccine can sometimes take decades and success is often elusive.

    Remdesivi

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  • Jul 23, 2020
  • 1 Self-Care During COVID-19 [ Health ]

    Self-Care During COVID-19

    • For maintaining optimum health, body’s natural defence system (immunity) is very important.

    • In the wake of COVID-19, the maintenance of a good immune system has become even more important, as there’s no medicine for COVID-19 yet

    • To promote preventive h

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  • Jul 13, 2020
  • 1 ECHS Facilities [ Health ]

    ECHS Facilities

    • As per a new directive, one month’s requirement of medicines can be purchased by armed forces veterans from any chemist store.

    • The eligible beneficiaries can also go to any hospital in emergency without obtaining any referral from polyclinics and military hospit

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  • Jul 7, 2020
  • 1 COVID-19: SARS-CoV-2, Tests and Great Apes [ Economy, Health, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    • Prime Minister on March 24 announced a 21 days lockdown in the country to deal with COVID-19.

    • In his message he said that lockdown is the only way to fight with COVID-19.

    • To ensure procurement of PPE (Personal Protective Equipments) for healthcare workers, ventilators etc. , t

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  • Jun 25, 2020
  • 1 Hantavirus [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Hantavirus

    • China is already on the path of recovering from COVID-19, reports of emergence of another virus, Hantavirus are surfacing.

    • On March 23,2020, a man in China’s Yunnan province died due to Hantavirus.

    • The 32 co-passengers on the bus in which the deceased was travelling

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  • Jun 16, 2020
  • 1 India Unlikely to Become Malnutrition Free by 2022 [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    A recent report by Centre for Science and Environment said that India may not achieve its target of eliminating malnutrition by 2022.

    • The reason being cited is poor implementation of government’s ambitious POSHAN Abhiyaan.

    • According to CSE’s State of India’s Environment report

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  • 2 Coronavirus Attack: Virus and Details [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    The coronavirus crept up in Wuhan has sickened thousands of people in more than 35 countries. World Health Organization declared the outbreak as an ‘epidemic’ and not ‘pandemic’.

    • The global risk assessment of coronavirus outbreak has been raised from ‘high’ to ‘very high’.

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  • Jun 14, 2020
  • 1 Locust Attack: East Africa, West and South Asia [ Health, Environment/Ecology, Down-to-Earth ]

    East Africa, West and South Asia is facing disastrous locust invasion due to change in cyclonic pattern over the Arabian Sea. Now, Pakistan and Somalia have also declared ‘national emergencies’ due to the plague of locusts.

    • In December 2019, Gujarat also witnessed the attack of

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  • Jun 9, 2020
  • 1 India Reduce Malaria Burden and Indian Railway’s Eco-Friendly Step [ Health, Down-to-Earth, Railways ]

    India has shown a sharp reduction of 28 % in malaria cases between 2017 - 18.

    • There is a reduction in number of deaths due to malaria from 16,733 in 2017 to 9,620 in 2018.

    • Among the countries with highest burden, India is the only country to increase its funding towards fight

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  • May 25, 2020
  • 1 School Health Programme [ Education, Policy/Governance, Health ]

    Two teachers, preferably one male and one female, in every school designated as “Health and Wellness Ambassadors”. Training to transact health promotion and disease prevention information in the form of interesting activities for one hour every week. Every Tuesday may be dedicate

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  • May 17, 2020
  • 1 White Blood Cells: Types and Functions [ Health ]

    Account for only about 1 % of our blood. Impact is big. Also called leukocytes.

    • Protect us against illness and disease.

    • Made in the bone marrow.

    • Stored in your blood and lymph tissues.

    • Some white blood cells- a short life of 1 to 3 days.

    Types of WBC

    Monocytes

    • A longer li

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  • 2 Managing Diabetes Using Protein [ Health ]

    A protein that helps manages insulin levels. By showing the potential to tackle diabetes and neuro-degenerative disorders like dementia and Alzheimers.

    Diabetes

    • Blood glucose called blood sugar is too high.

    • Blood glucose- Main source of energy, comes from the food we eat.

    • Ins

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  • 3 Plague and Promising Immunotherapy [ Health ]

    A serious and potentially fatal bacterial infection. Caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Can contract the disease from the bite of an infected flea.

    • Plague and Fleas both are being carried out by the Rodents including rats.

    • Bubonic plague (most common type of plague).

    • Bub

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  • 4 Pesticides Affecting DNA: List and Impact (Important) [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Tea estate workers. Pesticide exposure could affect DNA

    Types of Pesticides

    Algaecides

    • Used for killing algae.

    • Slowing the growth of algae.

    Antimicrobials

    Control germs and microbes (bacteria and viruses).

    Biopesticides

    • Made of living things.

    • Found in nature.

    Desiccants

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  • 5 National Strategic Plan (NSP) 2017-2025 and RNTCP (Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme) [ Science/Technology, Health ]

    Plan produced by the government of India (GoI). Sets out the government to eliminate TB in India. Describes the activities and interventions that the GoI will bring about.

    • Significant change in the incidence.

    • Prevalence and mortality from TB.

    RNTCP (Revised National Tubercul

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  • 6 Kerala-Tackling TB [ Health ]

    On track to achieve TB elimination by 2025. Lauded by World Health Organization. Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP).

    TB-Tuberculosis

    • Caused by bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    • Often affects lungs.

    • Curable and preventable.

    • Person to person-through th

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  • 7 E-Cigarettes Ban in India: Right or Wrong [ Health, Environment/Ecology ]

    Health Ministry-Union government’s move to ban the sale of electronic cigarettes. A pre-emptive strike‖ before the new form of intoxication spreads. Companies- looking at India as an attractive market.

    E-Cigarettes

    • A battery-operated device.

    • Emits doses of vaporized nicotine o

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  • May 14, 2020
  • 1 ARI-Highly Mortal: National Health Profile Report and Cellphone Causes Insomnia [ Health ]

    ARI Highly Mortal

    • 69 % morbidity in 2018 due to lung infection.

    • Report was released by the Union Health Ministry.

    • Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) -69.47%

    • Highest in the communicable disease category leading to 27.21 % mortality.

    • States such as Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karn

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  • May 12, 2020
  • 1 Yuwaah Youth Skilling Initiative and Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) [ Education, International Relations/Organizations, Health ]

    Launched by UNICEF. ‘YuWaah’ Generation Unlimited in India on 1.11. 2019.

    Key Points

    • Generation Unlimited called YuWaah in India.

    • Is a multi-stakeholder alliance.

    • Aims to facilitate youth to gain relevant skills for productive lives and the future of work.

    • Target age group-

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  • 2 Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) [ Health ]

    Commonly known as elephantiasis or Hathipaon. It is a neglected tropical disease. Caused mainly by Wuchereria Bancrofti and spread by Culex mosquito.

    Culex Mosquito

    • Grows in dirty accumulated water.

    • Infection occurrence- when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans throug

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  • 3 Antibiotic Resistance Effect of Climatic Spike [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    A study presented at 29th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) predicts that global warming can play a significant role in worsening antimicrobial resistance. The study was inspired by a 2018 publication of Nature which showed link between r

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  • May 8, 2020
  • 1 A Drug for Schizophrenia like Disease [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Researchers at NCCS, Pune have made a breakthrough discovery which will help in deeper understanding of mechanism underlying disorders and diseases of nervous system. The researchers have succeeded in capturing 3 Dimensional view of GluD1 receptor protein.

    The discovery is impor

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  • May 5, 2020
  • 1 Measles AMR 2020: a Big Challenge [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    Last year incidence or widespread outbreak of measles was reported in at least 187 countries. Many of these countries had already acquired “elimination certificate” for measles from World Health Organization. WHO said that data reveals a 300 percent increase in reported cases in

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  • 2 Adulteration in Milk [ Economy, Health ]

    A food is considered adulterated if a harmful substance is added to it or a nutritious substance is removed from it. Recently FSSAI released the first-of-its-kind National milk sample safety quality survey report to assess the level of adulteration in milk.

    • This comprehensive s

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  • May 4, 2020
  • 1 Scientists Find a New Way to Fight TB [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    A joint study by Translational Health Science and Technology, New Delhi, IIT Indore and All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Identification of a panel of single stranded DNA aptamers that are Mycobacterium tuberculosis malate synthase specific. Short nucleotide seq

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  • May 2, 2020
  • 1 Verbal Autopsy [ Health, Bills ]

    Verbal autopsy is a research method for ascertaining and attributing causes of death where there was no medical record or formal medical attention given. In VA, health information and events prior to death are acquired from interview of person (s) familiar with the deceased. The

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  • Apr 24, 2020
  • 1 Israel’s Nation State Law and Qatar’s OPEC Exit [ Economy, Health ]

    Israel’s Nation State Law

    “National State Law” has been piloted by Israel’s right-wing government. An attempt to legitimise the prevalent apartheid against Arabs. To undermine any peace process with Palestine. As per the law Israel is the historic homeland of the Jewish people wi

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  • Apr 22, 2020
  • 1 NASA Maps Show Decline in Pollution Amid Covid-19 Slowdown [ Health, Down-to-Earth ]

    NASA Maps Show Decline in Pollution Amid Covid-19 Slowdown

    • A dramatic decline in the pollution level has been observed in China between January and February 2020, according to the maps released by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA.

    • NASA compared the first two m

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  • Apr 14, 2020
  • 1 HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act and Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Bill, 2018 [ Health, Bills ]

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Prevention and Control Act

    Evolution

    • India- third largest HIV-infected population with an estimated 2 million people.

    • Aim is to decrease new infections by 75 % between 2010 and 2020 and eliminate AIDS by 2030.

    • A

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