U.S.-Russia: Helsinki Summit and U.S-Turkey Relations-F-35 Fighter Jet Programme (Download PDF)

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Recent meeting of the U. S. President with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin at Helsinki in Finland. Helsinki is Finland՚s southern capital. For more than 5 decades a tense cold war was fought between the blocs lead by the U. S. and Russia (Soviet Union) . A suitable opportunity to discuss areas of shared interest.

  • Finding ways to eliminate mutual tensions thereby working together for addressing global issues.
  • Discussion regarding the threat posed by the nuclear weapons and intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Russian Engagement Essentiality

  • Resolving the civil war in Syria.
  • Saving the “Iranian nuclear deal” .
  • Ukraine Crisis
  • “Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty” (START) was renewed as “New START” in 2010 and to address the same high level talks between the U. S and Russia is needed.

U. S-Turkey Relations-F-35 Fighter Jet Programme

  • The U. S. recently terminated Turkey՚s participation in the F-35 fighter jet programme.
  • Response to Turkey՚s purchase of the S-400 missile defence system from Russia.
  • According to US the sale by Russia violates the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty resulting in a crisis in US-Turkey relations.

INF Treaty

  • A landmark agreement.
  • Credited with curtailing the arms race in Europe towards the end of the Cold War.
  • Signed between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1987.
  • Both the superpowers agreed to destroy two categories of lethal missile systems from their own stocks.
  • The treaty also provided for the elimination of intermediate-range and medium-range missile stocks.

F-35 Programme

  • The Joint Strike Fighter programme (F-35 programme) .
  • Arms deal of the century.
  • An international weapons contract between the US and its allies.
  • Aimed at developing “fifth-generation” fighter jets.
  • The participant countries were offered technological transfers, training of pilots, and prospects for local manufacturing based on the levels.

Level 1 Partner

  • UK.
  • Pledged $ 2.2 billion to the program.

Level 2 Partner

  • Italy and Netherlands.
  • Around $ 1 billion.

Level 3 Partner

  • Turkey along with four others.
  • Contributions between $ 100 - 200 million.

- Published/Last Modified on: April 24, 2020

Science/Technology

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