10 Must Know Facts on Sardar Sarovar Dam- Now Dedicated to the Nation (Download PDF)

()

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 1.11 M)

PM dedicates Sardar Sarovar Dam to the nation and attended the closing ceremony of Narmada Mahotsav at Dabhoi. The occasion was marked by prayers and chanting of hymns at the Dam at Kevadia.

Map of Narmada Dam (Now Dedicated to the Nation)

Map of Narmada Dam (Now Dedicated to the Nation)

Map of Narmada Dam (Now Dedicated to the Nation)

Important Facts on the Sardar Sarovar Dam

  • Second biggest dam in the world after the Grand Coulee Dam in the United States.

  • Biggest dam project owing to the amount of concrete used in it.

  • Third highest concrete dam in India.

  • Foundation stone for project laid by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on April 5, 1961 and construction began in 1987.

  • 1.2 km long and 163 m deep.

  • Two powerhouses – the riverbed and the canal head - have till now produced 4, 141 crore units of electricity.

  • Dam has earned more than Rs. 16, 000 crore- double the cost of its construction.

  • Each gate of the dam weighs over 450 tonnes and takes almost an hour to close

  • Amount of power generated can light up three states- Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat- 57 per cent electricity goes to Maharashtra, 27 percent to Madhya Pradesh and 16 percent to Gujarat.

  • The new gates raise the height of the dam to 138.68 m allowing maximum ‘usable storage’ of 4.73 million acre feet.

Narmada Valley Project

Image of Narmada Valley Project

Image of Narmada Valley Project

Image of Narmada Valley Project

  • Narmada originates in the Amarkantak plateau of Madhya Pradesh

  • The volume of average annual flow is 40, 700 million cubic metres of which 90 per cent flows during monsoon season. Only 5 per cent of flow is utilized and 95 per cent drains into Gulf of Khambhat

  • Narmada is fifth largest river of India and largest west flowing river of the Peninsula.

  • The entire project of which Sardar Sarovar Dam is a part is one of the largest river valley projects of the world including construction of 30 major, 135 medium and 3, 000 minor dams.

  • Main reservoirs created by two main dams- the Sardar Sarovar dam and the Narmada Sagar Dam

  • Canal system of the scheme is expected to provide irrigation facility to 17.92 lakh hectares of land in Gujarat, 1.40 lakh hectares in Madhya Pradesh and 73, 000 hectares in Rajasthan

  • There would be substantial reduction in scabies and skin diseases in Saurashtra, Kuchchh, and northern Gujarat due to the availability of potable water.

Narmada Bachao Andolan: Protests Against the Dam

  • Activists were demanding that the dam’s gates be kept open to stop the reservoir to reach its maximum storage capacity.

  • Activist Medha Patkar, leader of NBA, was protesting against the project and seeking rehabilitation for the displaced families

  • After the closure of dam’s gates began in July, the water level has constantly been rising in the Barwani and Dhar districts in Madhya Pradesh.

  • Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) is the organisation fighting for people affected by the dam project.

  • NBA claimed that 40, 000 families belonging to 192 villages in Madhya Pradesh would be displaced if the reservoir were filled to its optimum however government data says that 18, 386 families would be affected in the state.

  • In June, the Narmada Control Authority granted permission to Gujarat to close the dam gates after ensuring rehabilitation of the people displaced due to dam.

Other Events in the Area

  • Prime Minister later visited the construction site of the Statue of Unity dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, at Sadhu Bet. Prime Minister also unveiled a plaque to mark the laying of foundation stone of the National Tribal Freedom Fighters’ Museum at Dabhoi.

  • Western part of the country has water shortage, and the eastern part has power and gas shortage- Government working to overcome these shortages.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 27, 2017

Policy/Governance

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.