22 May: World Biological Diversity Day (Download PDF)

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Every year, May 22 is observed as International Day for Biodiversity or World Biodiversity Day to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. Diversity in species, ecosystems and landscapes attracts tourism and promotes economic growth.

Image of the international Biodiversity Day

Image of the International Biodiversity Day

Image of the international Biodiversity Day

Highlights:

  • This date commemorates the date of Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity at UNEP Headquarters, Nairobi on 22 May 1992.
  • The prevalence of monoculture farming in the world has led to some rather dramatic and drastic consequences
  • Sustainable tourism is a powerful tool to raise awareness on biodiversity and to protect it for present and future generations.
  • Celebrate World Biodiversity Day on May 22 instead of December 29, which was previously designated as International Biodiversity Day.

Theme:

  • The theme for 2017 for World Biodiversity Day is “Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism”.

Activities Include:

  • Translating booklets, leaflets and other educational resources into local languages.
  • Distributing information on biodiversity via schools, colleges, universities, newspapers, radio and television.
  • Exhibitions and seminars for students, professionals and the general public.
  • Showings of movies on environmental issues.
  • Presentations of programs to preserve endangered species or habitats.
  • Planting trees and other plants that help prevent erosion.

About Global Biodiversity

  • The term Biological Diversity was first coined by wildlife scientist and conservationist Raymond F. Dasmann in 1968
  • This term became widespread in use during 1980s.
  • Biodiversity refers to the “totality of genes, species and ecosystems of a region”.
  • There are three levels of biodiversity viz.
Image of the three levels of biodiversity

Image of the Three Levels of Biodiversity

Image of the three levels of biodiversity

  • The term biodiversity is used to address several problems in conservation of environment including

    • Loss of species
    • Destruction of habitats
    • Invasive species
    • Genetic pollution
    • Over exploitation
    • Effects of climate change on biodiversity
  • The spatial distribution of organisms, species and ecosystems is called Biogeography.
  • Biodiversity is unequally distributed on Earth and it varies across regions on the basis of climatic and geographical factors
  • On earth, highest biodiversity is found in tropics
  • Around 90 % of world’s biodiversity is found in tropical rainforests which occupy less than 10 percent of Earth’s surface
  • Around 70 % of World species are found in 12 countries viz.
Image of World species are found in 12 countries

Image of World Species Are Found in 12 Countries

Image of World species are found in 12 countries

- Published/Last Modified on: May 26, 2017

Important Days

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