50 Hectares of Degraded Land to Be Restored by 2030 (Download PDF)

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The Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change announced India has set target to restore 50 lakh hectare of its degraded land by 2030.14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida will be hosted by India from 2 - 13 September 2019.

Image shows 50 hectares of degraded land to be restored by 2030

Image Shows 50 Hectares of Degraded Land to Be Restored by 2030

Image shows 50 hectares of degraded land to be restored by 2030

Land Degradation Challenges

  • Nearly one third of the world is facing the problem of land desertification.

  • The total degraded land percentage in India is 29.

  • Nearly 200 countries along with 100 ministers and 3000 delegates from 196 countries will take part in the 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) from 2 - 13 September 2019.

  • Over exploitation, over grazing, over water logging and wind along with flood are the major causes of land degradation.

  • The entire degraded land portion is expected to be converted into fertile land by 2030 and for the same reason a centre of excellence will be set up at the Forest Research Institute in Dehradun. The centre of excellence will be studying the causes of desertification and accordingly will assist the solutions.

  • In 2016 report, The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) found that over 29 % of India’s land (in 2011 - 2013) was degraded which was 0.57 % increase from year 2003 - 2005.

Bonn Challenge

  • The Bonn Challenge was launched as a global effort so as to bring 150 million hectares of world’s degraded and deforested land under restoration by the year 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030.

  • India joined the voluntary Bonn Challenge at COP-13 (2015) in Paris. It also committed towards restoring 13 million hectares (MH) of degraded and deforested land by year 2020. This also included addition of 8 million hectares (MH) by 2030.

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

  • The UNCCD was established in 1994 as an international legal binding agreement.

  • At present there are 197 parties working towards maintaining and restoring land along with the soil productivity thereby mitigating the effects of drought.

  • As per this international legally binding agreement the environment and development issues were linked to the agenda of land.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 27, 2019

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