75 Years of Independence and Democracy, Polity & Governance (Yojana 2021) (Download PDF)

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75 Years of Independence

  • Year 2021 will be India՚s entry into the 75th year of Independence.
  • Enormous challenges of poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition, and lack of any worthwhile industrial and scientific base.
  • Third largest economy in perms of Purchasing Power Parity.
  • Normal course of life has been disrupted due to ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.
  • Carefully calibrated our collective response to the pandemic.
  • Resolve and resilience have made us endure the negative impact and prompted us to tap into our innate strengths to meet the challenge.
  • Moving towards atmanirbharta or self-reliance.


  • Collectivism
  • Majority Rule
  • Legal Processes
  • Compromise
  • Multi-Party
  • Political Expression
  • Internet Democracy
  • Speech
  • Constitution
  • Social Contract
  • Infrastructure
  • Minority Rights
  • Rule of Law
  • Fair and Free Elections
  • Fundamental Processes
  • Religion
  • Legal Equality
  • Citizen Participation


  • To build an ecosystem where everyone can reach his/her full potential.
  • Leading a fulfilling and meaningful life.
  • Youths should be at the forefront of fighting social evils like casteism, corruption, communalism, and gender discrimination.
  • Need of Public-Private Partnership.
  • Government programs should become mass movements owned and led by the people.

Democracy, Polity & Governance

  • Freedom of expression.
  • Participation of people in deciding the factors governing their lives.
  • Public accountability of leaders.
  • An equitable distribution of power.
  • Constitution of India was adopted on Nov 26,1949.
  • Opting federal form of the govt. with the Preamble, “Sovereign, Socialist and Secular, Democratic Republic” dedicated to the ideas of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity.
  • Democracy as a system of Governance is supposed to allow:
    • Extensive representation.
    • Inclusiveness of as many people and views as possible.
    • To feed into the functioning of a fair and just society.
  • Good governance is associated with responsible political leadership, enlightened policy making and a civil service imbued with a professional ethos.
  • Free press and independent judiciary.


Rampant Corruption

  • A sign of political instability and institutional decay.
  • Nexus between politicians, bureaucrats, and industrialists.
  • Challenging the validity and propriety of governance.


  • Tarnished the image of Indian electoral politics.
  • Use of politics or political powers for immoral gains.

Disunity Among the Different Communities

  • Unity or disunity existing at a particular moment is also an issue.
  • Hindus and Muslims in India were united during pre-independent period.
  • There is a need of dedicated, selfless, and honest rulers/administrators.
  • Citizens should know that India is a Nation of “Unity in Diversity.”
  • The value of “Democracy, Polity and Governance” should always be upfolded in a united manner.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 9, 2021

Economy, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana

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