900-Year Drought Wiped Out Indus Civilisation: IIT-Kharagpur (Download PDF)

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In study conducted by researchers of IIT, Kharagpur, it is found that end of Indus Valley Civilization is due to severe drought of hundreds of years. Researchers have discovered drought period of approximately 4350 years ago due to end of Indus Valley Civilization.

Image of 900-year Drought Wiped out Indus Civilisation

Image of 900-year Drought Wiped Out Indus Civilisation

Image of 900-year Drought Wiped out Indus Civilisation

  • Scientists of IIT Kharagpur have come to know in research that drought lasted for not a few years or not few decades but for 900 years.

Research of IIT Kharagpur

Geology & Geophysics Department of IIT, Kharagpur studied patterns of monsoon during last nearly 5000 years & found that rainfall in North-West Himalayas for almost 900 years was no more.

  • According to his research published- 4, 350 years ago reason for end of Indus Valley Civilization was severe draught.

  • It has emerged in study that 2, 350 BC (4, 350 years ago) to 1, 450 BC- monsoon had started to weaken in Indus Valley civilization.

  • Due to this, Indus & its tributaries which were filled w/rain for years, dried up. Indus Valley Civilization was at edge of these rivers.

Image of Research of IIT Kharagpur

Image of Research of IIT Kharagpur

Image of Research of IIT Kharagpur

  • W/end of water in rivers, people went east & south towards Ganga-Yamuna valley where rains were better.

  • In all new areas, all residents of area were shifted & area was completely empty.

Image of First Urban Civilization

Image of First Urban Civilization

Image of First Urban Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization

  • It was name of this civilization due to Indus Valley civilization & its tributaries, Ravi, Chenab, Vyas & Sutlej, but its marks were found in coastal Gujarat & Rajasthan.
  • Because of this, this civilization began to be called by name of Harappan civilization.
  • In Harappa, remains of this civilization were first met.
  • Mohanjodaro, Kalibanga, Lothal, Dholavira, Rakhigadi & Harappa were its main centers.
Map of Indus Valley Civilization

Map of Indus Valley Civilization

Map of Indus Valley Civilization

  • It is considered world’s oldest & most prosperous civilization.
  • People fleeing these valleys went towards Ganga-Yamuna valley & went to Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Vindhyachal & Gujarat & it ceased to exist.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 31, 2018

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