ARI-Highly Mortal: National Health Profile Report and Cellphone Causes Insomnia (Download PDF)

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ARI Highly Mortal

  • 69 % morbidity in 2018 due to lung infection.

  • Report was released by the Union Health Ministry.

  • Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) -69.47%

  • Highest in the communicable disease category leading to 27.21 % mortality.

  • States such as Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal reported a large number of patients and fatalities due to ARI.

Acute Respiratory Infections

  • Prevents normal breathing function.

  • Begins as a viral infection in the nose, trachea (windpipe) or lungs.

  • If not treated can spread to the entire respiratory system.

  • Respiratory illness- chronic bronchitis, emphysema, heart disease, asthma, wheezing, coughing and difficulty in breathing.

  • Prevents the body from getting oxygen resulting in death.

  • Needs medical assistance immediately.

  • Can spread from one person to another.

Avian Botulism

  • Killed 18,000 birds at Sambhar.

  • Produces the toxin when it starts reproducing.

  • Bacteria are commonly found in the soil, river and sea water.

  • Eight types- A, B, C1, C2, D, E, F and G

  • Botulinum toxin

  • Distinguishable on diagnosis

  • Toxins attack the neurons- leads to muscle paralysis.

  • Botulinum affects both human and animals.

  • Botulinum C in birds and A, B and E in humans.

Cellphone Causes Insomnia

  • Excessive use of mobile phone during bed time.

  • Affects the quality of sleep.

  • Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty falling or staying asleep.

Insomnia Symptoms

  • Difficulty falling asleep

  • Waking up often during the night

  • Trouble going back to sleep

  • Waking up too early in the morning

  • Feeling tired while walking

Types of Insomnia

Primary Insomnia

  • A person is having sleep problems.

  • Not directly associated with any other health condition or problem.

Secondary Insomnia

  • A person is having sleep problems.

  • Health condition (like asthma, depression, arthritis, cancer, or heartburn).

  • Pain, medication.

  • A substance they are using (like alcohol).

- Published/Last Modified on: May 14, 2020

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