BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2017 (Download PDF)

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By conducting first Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, Disaster Management Exercise (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) India has emerged as a frontline state for disaster risk reduction.

Image of BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2017

Image of BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2017

Image of BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise 2017

Members of BIMSTEC

  • Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan, and Nepal


  • The four-day-long exercise was inaugurated by the Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh on October 10,2017.

  • Promotes coordination, cooperation, and sharing of best practices for effective disaster management in the region.

  • Provides opportunity to countries to share and learn from each other’s experience

  • Conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) as the nodal agency in Delhi and the National Capital Region comprising of:

  • Table Top Exercise (TTX)

  • Field Training Exercises (FTXs) on Earthquake and Flood

  • After Action Review (AAR)

Suggestions Coming from BIMSTEC- 2017

Various important suggestions and actions were made for:

  • Participation of women in Disaster Response Mechanism

  • Emphasize on psycho-social-trauma care

  • Replication of ICS

  • Gender consideration during evacuation and rehabilitation

  • Utility of Civil Military Coordination Centre

  • Religious aid to motivate the affected people

  • Importance of maintaining law & order in the affected area to avoid human trafficking and other post-disaster crimes.

Exercises During BIMSTEC

  • Table Top Exercise provided participants with an opportunity to review and discuss disaster response plans and sharing of best practices of one nation with the other.

  • Joint Field Training Exercise on earthquake disaster at Ghaziabad

  • Joint Field Training Exercise on Flood Rescue at Wazirabad.

Need for Disaster Management in BIMSTEC Countries

  • Bay of Bengal region is one of the most disaster prone areas of the world and has witnessed many disasters in the recent past

  • The need for disaster management in the region was brought out by recent monsoon floods and landslides across almost all the BIMSTEC countries.

  • Over the period 1996 to 2015, the BIMSTEC countries have lost 317,000 lives to disasters- more than 16 million people in BIMSTEC countries have lost their homes and economic losses are also high and escalating

  • Number of extreme weather events like floods, droughts, heat waves, and cyclones are expected to increase in future and the frequency and intensity of such events is likely to rise in view of the climate change.

  • BIMSTEC countries with limited resources must make communities, towns and villages, and economic activities resilient for reducing the losses

  • BIMSTEC region with over one fifth of world’s population is crucial for the development of world as a whole.

Disaster Management Programs of BIMSTEC Nations

  • Cyclone preparedness programme of Bangladesh is recognized as a global best practice

  • Last mile connectivity of Tsunami early warning system in Thailand has significantly improved preparedness in coastal areas.

  • India reduced preventable deaths and other losses by analyzing the patterns of disaster mortality and taking focused steps.

  • India pioneered the use of space applications and imaging in DRR to reduce the loss of lives

  • India established the Tsunami early Warning System for the Indian Ocean Rim Countries and deployed National Disaster Response Force in other affected countries for response operations

  • India is handling of Phailin and Hudhud was direct outcome of policy initiatives and enhancement of early warning capabilities, advance preparation, training, and capacity development.

Future Plans

  • Over time, such exercises will develop a pool of BIMSTEC disaster responders spread across all participating nations.

  • These will ensure that when need arises, we can mobilize an effective response and help each other in a timely manner.

  • BIMSTEC nations need to mitigate disasters together as they face problem of floods on a regular basis.

  • BIMSTEC member states must share hydrological data of transnational rivers with downstream countries for risk reduction and better disaster preparedness.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 9, 2017

Disaster Management

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