Birth Control Injections Introduced in India (Download PDF)

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The problem of unwanted pregnancy, can now be controlled by free of cost Contraceptive Injections to the women available in government hospitals. Uttarakhand state has registered more women using contraceptives vs-a-vs men as per latest data of national family health survey-IV.

Government set to roll out birth control injections

Government Set to Roll Out Birth Control Injections

Government set to roll out birth control injections

  • However, till now majority of women depended on pills that sometimes failed in stopping eggs from fertilization and led to unwanted pregnancies.
  • The injection Deoxy Medroxy Progesterone Acetate (DMPA) that will administered to women contains progesterone and was on hold in India over two decades due to controversies and litigations around its usage raised by some womens’ group.
  • The injection thickens the mucus in the cervix, stopping sperm reaching an egg. It also thins the womb lining and sometimes prevents the release of the egg.

The Birth Control Injection

  • The birth control injection, Depo-Provera, is a hormonal injection that prevents unplanned pregnancy for three months at a time.
  • The hormone in this shot is progestin. Progestin works to prevent unplanned pregnancies in two ways.

    • It prevents ovulation. Without ovulation, an egg is unable to leave the ovaries. If the egg cannot leave the ovaries, then sperm cannot fertilize it.
    • Progestin thickens the mucus that lines the cervix. This thicker, sticky mucus is difficult for sperm to penetrate. If an egg released during ovulation, this helps prevent sperm from fertilizing the egg.
    Progestin works to prevent unplanned pregnancies in two ways

    Progestin Works to Prevent Unplanned Pregnancies in Two Ways

    Progestin works to prevent unplanned pregnancies in two ways

  • When it is receives as directed, the shot is 99 percent effective. To ensure optimal effectiveness, women should get their injection every three months, as directed.
  • If you have your shot on time without being late, there is a one in 100 chance that she will become pregnant during a given year.
  • Both birth control pills and the Depo-Provera shot are very safe for most women to use. As with any medicine, they can still cause unwanted side effects.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 27, 2016

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