Cabinet Approves Umbrella Scheme “Ocean Services, Technology, Observations, Resources Modelling (Download PDF)


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Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved implementation of umbrella scheme ‘Ocean Services, Technology, Observations, Resources Modelling, and Science (O-SMART) ’ during 2017 - 18 to 2019 - 20 at overall cost of Rs. 1623 cr.

Image of 0-SMART Benefits

Image of 0-SMART Benefits

Image of 0-SMART Benefits

  • Scheme covers 16 sub-projects, which address ocean development activities such as services, technology, resources, observations, & science.

Significance of O-SMART Scheme

  • Services provided under O-SMART scheme will provide number of economic benefits to user communities in coastal areas.

  • Services included coastal states & ocean sectors such as shipping, fisheries & offshore industry.

  • 5 lakh fishermen are receiving daily information thru mobile phones about things like allocation of fish potential & local weather conditions in coastal waters.

  • Move will help in reducing search time for fishermen, resulting in saving of fuel cost.

Benefits of O-SMART Scheme

  • Implementation of scheme will help address issues related to Sustainable Development Goal-14, which emphasizes on conservation of oceans & marine resources.

  • Scheme will provide required scientific & technological background for implementation of various aspects of blue economy.

  • State-of-art early warning systems established under scheme will help in effectively dealing w/ocean disasters such as storm surges & tsunami.

  • Technologies developed under scheme will help in harnessing vast ocean resources of both living & non-living resources from seas across India.

Background on O-SMART Scheme

  • India is aiming to create blue economy for effective & efficient use of vast ocean resources in sustainable way, which would require great deal of information on ocean science, development of technology & providing services.

  • Under (O-SMART) scheme, Ministry envisages continuation of coastal research & marine biodiversity activities, which are imp. in context of achieving United Nations Sustainable Development Goal-14 to conserve & sustainably use oceans, seas & marine resources for sustainable development.

  • Ocean advisory services & technologies being rendered & developed under scheme will play significant role in development activities over dozen sectors, working in marine environment including coastal states of India, contributing significantly to GDP.

  • In accordance w/Ocean Policy statement enacted in November 1982, Number of multi-disciplinary projects in the field of ocean development implemented primarily to:

    • Provide suite of Ocean Information services

    • Develop technology for sustainable harnessing ocean resources

    • Promote front-ranking research

    • Conduct ocean scientific ocean surveys

  • Ministry has achieved several major milestones under various programs including according pioneer status on deep-sea mining of Poly-Metallic Nodules (PMN) in area of 75,000 sq. km. in central Indian Ocean (CIO).

  • Ministry is providing number of ocean information services to various coastal stakeholders including fishermen, coastal states, offshore industry, navy & coast guard.

  • Some of services are extended to neighbouring countries of Indian Ocean Region.

  • India’s ocean-related activities are now extended from Arctic to Antarctic region covering large ocean spaces which are monitored thru satellite-based observations.

  • India has established state-of-the-art early warning systems for ocean disasters such as tsunami, cyclones & storm surges.

  • India has signed Antarctic Treaty System & joined Commission of Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) for harnessing resources. Technologies for harnessing ocean resources are at various stages.

  • Some of them are matured & operational like low-temp. thermal desalination for islands.

  • Ministry is monitoring health of coastal waters of India including shoreline changes & marine ecosystem.

Ministry of Earth Sciences

  • Formed in – 2006

  • Headquarter – New

  • Vision - To excel as knowledge & technology enterprise in earth system science realm towards socio-economic benefit of society.

  • Functions

    • To develop forecasting capability of atmosphere & oceanic phenomena thru dynamical models & assimilation techniques and to build prediction system for weather climate & hazards.

    • To understand interaction b/w components of Earth Systems & human systems at various spatial & temporal scales.

    • Exploration of polar & high seas regions for discovery of new phenomenon & resources.

    • To translate knowledge & insight themes gained into services for societal, environmental & economic

- Published/Last Modified on: October 4, 2018

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