Case Study, Definition of Honey, and Benefits of Honey (DTE 1 - 15 December 2020)

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Case Study

  • C4: Corn & Sugarcane
  • C3: Rice & Beetroot
  • NMR: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Chinese companies have “designed” the sugar syrup so that it can pass the Indian laboratory tests. But instead of honey, we are ingesting sugar.
  • This also means that beekeepers are losing income. If they go out of business, we will lose bees and with this, their pollination services. Without bees to carry the pollen from plant to plant, food productivity will decline. This adulteration is criminal
  • Honey Fraud: in February, government made it mandatory that exported honey would require additional laboratory test — the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) .
  • The first adulteration was to use sugar syrups from plants that use a C4 photosynthesis route — from corn and sugarcane. But as science caught up; business found new sugars. It started using sugar from what are called C3 plants — rice and beetroot.
  • Chinese companies were exporters of fructose syrup to India
  • CNN Foods Instead of honey or syrup, the samples had been shipped as Plastic Pigment Emulsion

Definition of Honey

  • “Honey is the natural sweet substance produced by honeybees from the nectar of plants or from the secretions of living parts of the plants or excretions of plant sucking insects on the living parts of the plants, that bees collect, transform by combining with specific substances of their own, deposit, dehydrate, store and leave in the honey comb to ripen and mature.”
  • Food and Agriculture Organization՚s Codex Alimentarius Commission
  • Chinese companies had come with their technology and had set up factories in Jaspur in Uttarakhand, Dhampur in Bijnor, UP, and Batala in Punjab -they were producing sugar syrup for selling to confectionary and other industries.
  • Beekeepers spend ₹ 90 - 100 to produce 1 kg of raw honey. But the prices of raw honey have fallen to ₹ 60 per kg
  • Honey is the most adulterated food in the world.

Benefits of Honey

Benefits of Honey
  • Honey sales increased by 35 % in Covid as immunity booster
  • Honey is sugar, but it is special. One tablespoon of honey (21 grams) contains slightly higher calories than sugar. It mainly comprises sugar carbohydrates, which are glucose and fructose.
  • Honey is then not about the “sugar,” but the enzymes, amino acids, phenolic compounds like flavonoids, minerals and other phytochemicals. It is these that give honey antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory properties.
  • It provides us the ability to manage the oxidative stress that results from lifestyle, dietary and environmental strain
  • Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has said that people with even moderately excess weight may have increased risks of severe covid-19 infection.
  • adipose tissue — the fat in our bodies – abdominal obesity, which adds stress to the lungs
  • obesity is the primary trigger for hypertension, type-2 diabetes, and many chronic ailments. India is on the path of becoming an obesity capital of the world — overweight and obesity levels among 15 - 49-year-old populations have doubled in a decade. In the urban areas, about one-third of the population is overweight and or obese.
  • Bees are important not for honey but for pollination - to increasing crop yield through cross pollination, honeybees also increase the biodiversity
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that pollinators affect 35 per cent of the world՚s crop production, increasing outputs of 87 of the leading food crops worldwide, plus many plant-derived medicines

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