Cassini-Space Research Mission Of NASA Reveals Lakes of Liquid Methane On Saturn’s Moon (Download PDF)


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Cassini - Space research mission is a joint space project between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Italian Space Agency to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its rings and natural satellites.

Image show Cassini Spacecraft

Image Show Cassini Spacecraft

Image show Cassini Spacecraft


  • The Earth and The Saturn are the only two planets with standing bodies of liquid on their surface.

  • The lakes made of liquid methane have been observed in the northern polar region of Saturn’s moon Titan.

  • In its previous mission that ended in 2017, some of the frigid Titan’s lakes of liquid hydrocarbons-the main components of petroleum and natural gas. These were found in the region varying from deep to shallow and seasonal as well.

  • As per the Scientists the liquid lakes topped with more than 300 feet deep comprising mainly of methane were towering above the nearby landscape.

  • Lakes formed when surrounding bedrock chemically dissolved and collapsed, a process that occurs with a certain type of lake on Earth was suspected by the Scientists.

Phantom Lakes

  • Appeared during wintertime, wide but shallow ponds.

  • A few inches deep, vaporated or drained into the surface by springtime, a process that takes seven years on Titan.

Titan-The Saturn’s Largest Moon

  • Titan, with a diameter of 3,200 miles, is the solar system’s second largest moon, behind only Jupiter’s Ganymede. The planet Mercury is smaller than the Saturn.

  • According to the Scientist Marco Mastrogiuseppe from California Institute of Technology, Titan is a fascinating object which presents a different data ever time it is being examined carefully.

  • The Titan’s hydrological cycle can be compared with Earth’s water cycle as with liquid hydrocarbons raining down from clouds, flowing across its surface and evaporating back into the sky.

  • It is Titan’s complex chemistry and distinctive environments, which have made Scientists, propose that Saturn too can harbour life.

  • The sub-surface ocean of water, along with the surface bodies of liquid hydrocarbons further support the Scientists observations.

  • Titan also has lakes, canyons, rivers, dune fields of organic sand particles about the same size as silica sand grains on Earth.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 25, 2019

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