Central Educational Institutions Bill and Higher Education Commission of India Bill (Download PDF)

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Central Educational Institutions (Reservations in Teachers ′ Cadre) Bill-2019

Central Educational Institutions (Reservations in Teachers ′ Cadre) Bill-2019 was passed by the Parliament. Reservations in teaching positions in central institutions for persons belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Socially and Educationally Backward Classes, Economically Weaker Sections. HRD Ministry- More than 7,000 teaching jobs lying vacant in central educational institutions.

  • Empowers ordinary citizens by giving them power to access and decision making.
  • Purpose of fulfilling the demands of people from the above sections for their rights as mentioned in the Constitution.

Key Provisions

  • Will be applicable to central educational institutions.
  • Universities set up by Acts of Parliament.
  • Institutions deemed to be a university.
  • Institutions of national importance.
  • Institutions receiving aid from the central government.
  • Excludes institutions of excellence, research institutions and institutions of national and strategic importance, minority education institutions.
  • E. g. Homi Bhabha National Institute, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, etc.
  • The bill also provides for reservation of posts in direct recruitment of teachers (out of the sanctioned strength.

Benefits

  • UGC՚s annual report 2017 - 18- Nearly two-thirds of assistant professors in Central universities are from the general category.
  • The present Bill also applies the 10 % quota for the economically weak among the general category.
  • Court՚s department wise roster norm-Would have deepened the sense of deprivation of the backward classes and SC/ST communities.
  • A big boost for aspirants from the disadvantaged sections of society.

Higher Education Commission of India Bill

  • The draft Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) Bill.
  • Is now in the public domain.

Provisions

  • To replace the University Grants Commission (UGC) with a Higher Education Commission of India.
  • More autonomy and facilitate holistic growth of the Education Sector.
  • All fields of Education will be covered.
  • A clear separation between academic and grant-giving functions.
  • Discharge of the academic functions.

Academic Functions

  • Promotes the quality of instruction.
  • In maintaining the academic standards.
  • Fostering the autonomy of higher education institutions.
  • Comprehensive and overriding powers- Ordering the closure of institutions in all academic and related matters.
  • Grant-giving function-Under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) directly.

Need

  • Multiple regulators-Started in the mid-1980s.
  • Early 1990s-Various Professional bodies as regulators.
  • Multiple bodies in addition to the existing ones-To cope with the increasing complexity.
  • Example bodies/Institutions- All India Council for Technical Education, professional bodies like the Bar Council of India and Council of Architecture.
  • Uneven and deteriorating standards in the quality of student output which was against the requirements of the job market.
  • Need for a single regulatory body.

- Published/Last Modified on: April 9, 2020

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