Chandryaan-2 Successfully Launched (Download PDF)

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Chandrayaan-2 was successfully launched by GSLV-MkIII-M1 on 22 July 2019 from the Second Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. Due to a technical snag the previously the launch was aborted. This was India’s second mission after Chandrayaan-1 which was launched in 2008. Prior to this successful launch, Chandrayaan-2 was expected to launch in October-November 2018. Earlier ISRO conducted several tests at its new site at Challakere in Chitradurga district, 400 km from Bengaluru.

Image show on Journey to Moon

Image Show on Journey to Moon

Image show on Journey to Moon

Chandrayaan-2 Objectives & Components

  • Demonstrating key technologies for end-to-end lunar mission capability is the key objective of the mission. This also includes soft-landing and roving on lunar surface.

  • The objective also includes detailed study of moon’s topography and atmosphere resulting towards a better understanding of Moon.

  • India and the whole humanity is expected to be benefitted as a result of the discoveries revealed once the mission gets completed.

  • The Spacecraft is expected to reach Moon’s orbit on August 20,2019.

  • The Orbiter Lander- Vikram. has been named after father of Indian space research programme Dr Vikram A Sarabhai. This orbiter is expected to land in a high plain between two craters at a latitude of about 70 degrees South of moon.

  • Rover- Pragyan is a 6-wheeled robotic vehicle, weighing 27-kg. The Rover is expected to collect information from Lunar Surface being housed inside Vikram Lander.

  • The mission carrying 13 payloads altogether includes 3 from Europe, 2 from United States and 1 Bulgaria.

  • A Laser Retro reflector Array (LRA) of NASA (US space agency) is among the payloads. This LRA will help in understanding dynamics of Earths’ moon system and deriving clues on Lunar interior.

Significance

  • Chandrayaan-2 will also make India 4th country after Russia, United States and China to pull off a soft landing on moon apart from making India 1st country in world to land a rover on unchartered Lunar South Pole.

GSLV-MkIII-M1

  • It is a 3-stage launch vehicle developed by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) with two solid strap-ons, a core liquid booster and a cryogenic upper stage.

  • It has the ability to carry heavy payloads with a height of 43.43 metre tall.

  • It has been designed to carry 4 ton class of satellites into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) or about 10 tons to Low Earth Orbit (LEO).

- Published/Last Modified on: August 24, 2019

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