Childhood Obesity in India (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for IAS is prepared by world's top subject experts: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 176.40 K)

Junk Food means food containing high levels of calories from sugar or fat with little fiber, protein, vitamins or minerals leading to rapid increase in blood sugar levels (high glycemic index) and forcing body to produce high levels of insulin to counter the rising blood sugar.

{"chart":{"plotBackgroundColor":null,"plotShadow":true,"backgroundColor":"transparent","width":600},"title":{"text":"Global and India Scenario"},"tooltip":{"pointFormat":"{series.name}: {point.y}"},"credits":{"enabled":false},"xAxis":{"categories":["India","America","China","South Africa"],"title":{"text":"Country"}},"yAxis":{"type":"linear","title":{"text":"Childhood obesity (in Percentage)"}},"plotOptions":{"series":{"allowPointSelect":true,"cursor":"pointer"}},"legend":{"floating":false,"backgroundColor":"white","borderColor":"silver","borderWidth":1,"shadow":true,"align":"right"},"series":[{"type":"column","name":" Boys","data":[20.6,35,4.5,13.6],"colors":[{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#f15c80"],[1,"rgb(165,16,52)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#e4d354"],[1,"rgb(152,135,8)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#2b908f"],[1,"rgb(0,68,67)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#f45b5b"],[1,"rgb(168,15,15)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#91e8e1"],[1,"rgb(69,156,149)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#7cb5ec"],[1,"rgb(48,105,160)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#434348"],[1,"rgb(0,0,0)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#90ed7d"],[1,"rgb(68,161,49)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#f7a35c"],[1,"rgb(171,87,16)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#8085e9"],[1,"rgb(52,57,157)"]]}],"stacking":"normal","stack":"0"},{"type":"column","name":" Girls","data":[18.3,35.9,5.9,2.8],"colors":[{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#8085e9"],[1,"rgb(52,57,157)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#f15c80"],[1,"rgb(165,16,52)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#e4d354"],[1,"rgb(152,135,8)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#2b908f"],[1,"rgb(0,68,67)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#f45b5b"],[1,"rgb(168,15,15)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#91e8e1"],[1,"rgb(69,156,149)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#7cb5ec"],[1,"rgb(48,105,160)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#434348"],[1,"rgb(0,0,0)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#90ed7d"],[1,"rgb(68,161,49)"]]},{"linearGradient":{"x1":0,"y1":0,"x2":0,"y2":1},"stops":[[0,"#f7a35c"],[1,"rgb(171,87,16)"]]}],"stacking":"normal","stack":"1"}]}
Created with Highcharts 5.0. 14CountryChildhood obesity (in Percentage) Global and India ScenarioBoysGirlsIndiaAmericaChinaSouth Africa010203040AmericaBoys: 35
  • Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) says that development of obesity is multi-factorial and eating of junk and processed food is one of the causes.
  • Childhood obesity is a risk factor of developing heart diseases and diabetes in later life.
  • Ongoing ICMR India Diabetes (ICMR-INDIAB) study on the prevalence of diabetes indicate overall prevalence varying from 4 % to 13%.

Working Groups on Consumption of Foods High in Fat, Salt and Sugar (HFSS)

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development constituted a Working Group on consumption of foods High in Fat, Salt and Sugar (HFSS) and promotion of healthy snacks in schools.
  • The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) constituted an Expert Group on Salt, Sugar, and Fat.
  • ICMR, National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) and other institutions carry out research and studies related to food and healthy diet.
  • Consumer awareness programmes launched jointly by the Department of Consumer Affairs and the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) including advertisement campaigns, educational booklets, information on FSSAI website and Mass awareness campaigns.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India

Established under Food Safety and Standards, 2006 that consolidates various acts & orders that have hitherto handled food related issues in various Ministries and Departments.

Created for laying down science-based standards for articles of food and regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import

Ensure safe and wholesome food for human consumption.

Highlights of the Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006

  • Consolidates:

    • Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954
    • Fruit Products Order, 1955
    • Meat Food Products Order, 1973
    • Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947
    • Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order 1988
    • Solvent Extracted Oil, De- Oiled Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967
    • Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992
  • Establishes a single reference point for all matters of food safety and standards
  • Moves away from multi-level, multi-departmental control to a single line of command.
  • Act establishes an independent statutory Authority – the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
  • Head office at Delhi
  • Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) and the State Food Safety Authorities enforce various provisions of the Act.

Establishment of the Authority

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India Administrative Ministry for the implementation of FSSAI.

Functions

  • Framing regulations to lay down the standards and guidelines for articles of food and system of enforcing various standards
  • Laying down mechanisms and guidelines for accreditation of certification bodies engaged in food safety management system
  • Laying down procedure and guidelines for accreditation of laboratories and notification of the accredited laboratories
  • Provide scientific advice and technical support to Central and State Governments in framing the policy and rules on food safety and nutrition.
  • Collect and collate data regarding food consumption, incidence and prevalence of biological risk, contaminants in food, residues and contaminants in foods products, identification of emerging risks, and introduction of rapid alert system.
  • Creating network for public, consumers, Panchayats to receive rapid, reliable, and objective information about food safety and issues
  • Provide training programmes for food businesses.
  • Contribute to international technical standards for food, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards.
  • Promote general awareness about food safety and food standards.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 28, 2017

Health

Developed by: