China’S Galwan Valley Claims Mark Shift from the Past (Download PDF)

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China’s Galwan Valley Claims Mark Shift from the Past

  • The claims of sovereignty over the Galwan valley in eastern Ladakh have been trashed by India.
  • Galwan valley in eastern Ladakh is a site of a violent cross-border clash.
  • India has called these claims as ‘untenable’ and ‘exaggerated’.
  • These claims are contrary to the understanding reached during a high- level military dialogue on June.
China’s Galwan valley claims mark shift from the past

China’s Galwan Valley Claims Mark Shift from the Past

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Overview

  • The Chinese military recently claimed that Galwan valley has always been a part of China.
  • Galwan was the site of violent clash between two militaries, in which a colonel and 19 other Indian Army personnel were killed.
  • It was biggest clash along the LAC after the Nathu La clash of 1967.
  • In Nathu La clash Indian lost around 80 soldiers and China lost around 300 PLA personnel.
  • The India-China border dispute covers 3,488 km long Line of Actual control (LAC).
  • In the valley, the LAC runs east of the confluence of the Galwan and Shyok rivers.
  • China claims Arunachal Pradesh as part of Southern Tibet, while India contests it.
  • The Chinese foreign ministry’s statement said that Indian border Defence forces have unilaterally continued to build roads, bridges and other facilities in Galwan valley region.
  • The statement revealed that China sought a commitment from India to not cross the Galwan estuary to patrol and build facilities.
  • Observers say that China’s new claims may have been triggered by opening of Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie (DSDBO) road.
  • This road runs parallel to the LAC providing key all weather access to the post at Daulat Beg Oldie.
  • Daulat Beg Oldie is one of the northernmost points in Ladakh.
  • To neutralize the strategically important DSDBO road, China may also be seeking access to areas closer to the confluence.

- Published/Last Modified on: October 15, 2020

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