Compositions of Ameer Khusro-Delhi and Important Aspects of Heritage and Diversity in the Northeast (Download PDF)

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Compositions of Ameer Khusro-Delhi

  • Abul Hasan Yamin al-Din Khusro known as Ameer Khusro Dehlawi was a musician, scholar, and poet.
  • A Sufi Mystic and Spiritual disciple of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi.
  • He enriched Hindustani classical music with Persian and Arabic elements.
  • Various styles in Hindustani classical music originated such as Khayal, Tarana, Tilenana, Qaul, Qalbana, Naqsho-gul, Rang, Mandha, Dhamal, Sawan geet, etc.

Important Aspects of Heritage and Diversity in the Northeast

  • Womenfolk of each community are expert weavers.
  • The men have amazing skills of working on bamboo and cane.
  • For every community living in the region, hand weaving has been a tradition from time immemorial.
  • The traditional skill of handloom weaving is an inseparable part of the socioeconomic and cultural life of the different communities.


  • The highest no. of handlooms in the country.
  • Silk-oriented handloom industry with unique Muga or golden silk.
  • Muga silk has a natural yellowish golden tint with a shimmering, glossy texture
  • Traditional throw-shuttle loom is used in the household set-up.
  • The fly-shuttle is being used only in the commercial looms of Sualkuchi, which is the famous silk village near Guwahati.
  • Mekhela-chador is commonly weaved in Assam.
  • The ceremonial set includes a rihapaat, which could be of the golden Muga as well as .
  • The Bodo tribal women of Assam weave the dokhona and jwmgra that constitute a woman’s traditional dress.
  • Aronai is a beautiful scarf normally worn by men.
  • The common handloom products of Mishing tribals are sumpa and galuk, a two-piece dress for womenkhanbung and riphan. . The Rabha women weave

the Tribal Communities in the Hill States

  • Use the traditional back-strap loom or loin loom to weave their colourful fabrics.
  • The fabrics have different colours and colour combinations along with motifs and designs each having a traditional and cultural significance.


The traditional fabrics include the phanek of the Meiteis, kasan of the Tangkhuls and the various types of puan of the Paites, Vaipheis and Zous, khamtang of the Thadous, Punkophoi of the Koms and so on.

Arunachal Pradesh

  • Apatani women weave bilanabi, chinyu-abi and jig-jiro
  • Singpho women sew pukang
  • Nyishi women weave par-ij
  • Khamti women weave siu-pashao and sin

Naga Tribes

  • They weave their own traditional cloth serving as signature fabrics.
  • They make wrappers, waistcloths, girdles, skirts, scarves, and aprons out of the fabric they weave.
  • The male shawls have different motifs representing different tribes.
  • The Ao shawl is called tsungkotepsu.
  • The Angami shawl is called loramhousho.


  • Women weave different varieties of the puan-a drape and uncut rectangular cotton cloth with well-crafted edges and prominent horizontal borders.
  • Most prestigious are the tualhlohpuan and punchei.

- Published/Last Modified on: November 23, 2020

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