Conservation Centers in Five States to Protect Vultures

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Conservation Centers in Five States to Protect Vultures

National Board for Wildlife recently approved Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020 - 25.

In accordance with the plan the following states will get vulture conservation and breeding center each-

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Tripura
  • Maharashtra
  • Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu

According to the plan four rescue centers will be established in-

  • Pinjore (Haryana)
  • Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh)
  • Guwahati (Assam)
  • Hyderabad (Telangana)

The plan is aimed at preventing the declining vulture population especially of the three Gyps species-

  • Oriental white backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis)
  • Slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris)
  • Long billed vulture (Gyps indicus)

The previous action plan was formulated in 2006 for three years.

Conservation Centers in Five States

Key Points of Action Plan

  • A new veterinary non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDS) will be tested on vultures before their commercial release because NSAIDS often poison cattle whose carcasses the bird՚s prey on.
  • Vultures are also known as nature՚s cleanup crew as they do the work of cleaning up after death by acting as natural carcass recyclers, helping to keep ecosystem healthy.
  • The plan moots a system of automatically removal of drug from veterinary use if it is found to be toxic to vultures, with the help of Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) .
  • There will be conservation breeding of red headed vultures and Egyptian vultures and the establishment of at least one vulture safe zone in each state.
  • In order to get more accurate estimate of vulture population, there will be Coordinated nationwide vulture counting, involving
    • Forest departments
    • The Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS)
    • Research Institutes
    • Nonprofits and members of the public
  • The NBWL is constituted by the Central Government under Section 5A of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • It serves as an apex body to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.
  • It is chaired by the Prime Minister.

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