Crime Data Collection in India: Government Merges NCRB with BPRD (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for CLAT is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Union Home Ministry merged National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) with Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD) to: improve administrative efficiency, allow optimal utilization of resources for policing, boost crime data collection, and improve policing research efforts.

YearsCyber Crime casesNumber of Cyber Crime Cases in India13 30113 30122 06022 06071 78071 780149 254149 254300 000300 000Cyber Crime Cases in India201120122013201420150100k200k300k400k
Chart Representing the Data

New Changes

  • Combined BPR&D to oversee all the data collection related to crime, suicides and accidental deaths, prison statistics and fingerprints earlier done by NCRB.
  • BPRD Director General (DG) to head merged entity

Reasons for Merger

BPR&D will enable research based, methodological and accurate data collection

About NCRB and BPRD

  • NCRB established in 1986 as central police organisation to collect crime data.
  • BPRD established in 1970 as the national police organisation to study, research and develop subjects related to policing.

Crime Data Collection in India

Crime reporting in India is done on two databases:

  • Ministry of Home Affairs database (MHA) collects communal incidents data from the states.
  • National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) , a wing within the MHA maintains its own database about crimes, criminals and law enforcement nationally. It collects data from the State Crime Records Bureau of the State Government and compiles it into a Crime in India Report following the ‘Principle Offence Rule’ for counting crime- among many registered offences in a single case, only the most heinous crime is considered as a counting unit in this data.

Both the data sets are coming from the states but they unfortunately report different numbers

- Published/Last Modified on: September 5, 2017

Policy/Governance

Developed by: