DTE 15-30 Nov 2019 the Regional Comprehensive (Download PDF)

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The National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) -designed to mitigate pollution hotspots has identified 129 cities that donot comply with the particulate standards. The Chinese government adopted the approach to Unified Planning, Unified Monitoring altering and unified standards in multiple contiguous regions.

Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi from Oct 15

Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi from Oct 15

Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi from Oct 15

India’s Withdrawal from the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

  • The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership is a free trade agreement consisting of 16 countries across the Asia-Pacific region.
  • The pact looks after drop tariffs and duties between the members so that goods and services can flow freely between them.
  • The countries included Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand.
  • India expressed its concerns over lowering and elimination of tariffs on products from other countries.
  • This lowering and elimination of tariffs on product from other countries would negatively affect the domestic agricultural and industrial sector.
  • India was worried about keeping 2014 as the base year for tariff reductions.
  • The trade deficit of India with China alone accounts for $54 billion. The total trade deficit with the RCEP nations is $105 billion.
  • India was self-sufficient till 2010 when the country entered into a trade agreement with ASEAN. Today the country imports 5.8 million tonnes of rubber.
  • The price of black pepper crashed from `770 a kg in 1999 to `330 a kg in 2018 due to India’s trade agreements with Sri Lanka and Vietnam.
  • India now imports 55 per cent of its edible oil. This has affected the livelihood of 0.5 million people.
  • New Zealand wanted to use RCEP to supply 1.2 million tonnes of skimmed milk powder to India. This would have hit 10 million farmers.
  • China already meets 84 per cent of India’s solar equipment needs which is hampering the domestic market.
Indias Withdrawal Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

India’s Withdrawal Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

India’s Withdrawal Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

Last minute Withdrawl

Last minute Withdrawl

Last minute Withdrawl

  • India’s domestic interests are further expected to get affected with the import of dairy products from New Zealand flooding Indian markets.
  • According to farmers, the RCEP will permanently bring down import duties on most agricultural commodities to zero.
  • The dairy as well as plantations sector are going to be the worst sufferers with the dumping of dairy products from countries like New Zealand and Australia.
  • Also opening up India’s big market would lead to more dependence on foreign imports thereby affecting the food import supply.

Biosimilars & Biologics

  • A biosimilar is a biologic medical product highly similar to another already approved biological medicine.
  • Biosimilars are approved according to the standards of pharmaceutical quality, safety and efficacy that apply to all biological medicines.
Biosimilars & Biologics

Biosimilars & Biologics

Biosimilars & Biologics

  • Biosimilars are brand name products that are highly similar to an already existing brand name.
  • Biologics: By comparison, biologics are very large and have complex molecular structures.
  • Some of the common biologics include Lantus (insulin glargine), Humira (adalimumab), Herceptin (trastuzumab) and Avastin (bevacizumab), Botox (onabotulinumtoxina).

Biosimilars & Biologics

Biosimilars & Biologics

Biologics

Biosimilars

Pharmaceutical drugs developed in living organisms.

Pharmaceutical drugs not synthesized inside a living organism.

These are less extensive

These are highly extensive

There is no cell lines

Cell lines are present

These are produced inside living organisms

These are similar in nature to biologics but not identical

Seed Money

  • Seed money also known as seed funding or seed capital, is a form of securities offering where in an investor invests capital in a startup company in exchange for an equity stake in the company.
  • Seed money includes variety sources that include debt and equity offerings.
  • Chironji has played a crucial role in keeping the rural economy going.
  • It is a mildly sweet nut has a guthli (seed), which has Dana Chironji (kernel) inside it.
  • People across India use this as a nut to add to sweetmeats.
Health Benefits of Chironji

Health Benefits of Chironji

Health Benefits of Chironji

Know the MCQs

  • According to the study by Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (US) the life expectancy of people living in the Indo-Gangetic Plains is shortened by seven years due to air pollution. The region includes Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, where 40 per cent of the Indian population resides.
  • Cyclone Bulbul along the deep depression in the Bay of Bengal on November 7th, 2019 has been considered to be the seventh cyclone to form in the Indian Ocean region this year, the highest in 34 years.
  • As per the Global Hunger Index released on October 15,2019, India earned the unenviable distinction of having the world’s highest child wasting rate low weight for height with an increase of 4.3 percentage points in nine years.
  • The researchers found that while deforestation alone accounted for 3.2 per cent of gross carbon emissions, selective logging and wildlife loss spiked carbon accounting by a factor of more than six.
  • Fishing has been banned at the Gahiramatha Marine Sanctuary in Odisha till May 31 next year by the Odisha forest department to protect Olive Ridley turtles.
  • The Pastoral Toda Community in the upper Nilgiris is losing its Shola grasslands to invasive species. Toda people are a Dravidian ethnic group who live in the Nilgiri Mountains of Tamil Nadu.
  • Invasive species such as acacia (top) - is a polyphyletic genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae and scotch broom (right) - Scotch broom is a plant whose flowers and the parts grow above the ground being used as medicine have taken over 66 per cent of the Shola grasslands along the Nilgiri Mountains of Tamil Nadu.
  • Chironji has played an important role in keeping the rural economy going. Chironji (Buchanania lanzan) trees grow up to about 15 metres and start flowering around January. By April, the fruits are ready for collection, which continues till May-end.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 6, 2019

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