DTE 15-30 Nov 2019 (Download PDF)

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REDD + Potential for India: REDD refers to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. It also includes role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries. REDD mechanism was introduced under UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) in 2005 to check emission from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. With the inclusion of forest conservation REDD became REDD+.

  • India and China are the only countries in Asia whose forests are net sink of carbon (they take in more carbon than they emit).
  • India recently submitted its national REDD + strategy to UNFCCC and is committed to implement it. The full and effective implementation of the strategy would help India in achieving its nationally determined contribution targets of capturing 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of additional carbon dioxide.
  • REDD + has the potential to deliver significant co-benefits such as Biodiversity conservation, Water regulation, flood prevention, Poverty alleviation etc.
How could Tress save the planet

How could Tress save the planet

How could Tress save the planet

Shortfall of Doctors in India & Disease Burden

  • For every 10,926 people there is only 1 doctor available in India.
  • As per the National Health Report 2019, Air pollution-linked acute respiratory infections contributed 68.47 per cent to morbidity burden in the country and also to highest mortality rate after pneumonia.
  • The second highest morbidity (21.83%) is due to acute diarrhoeal diseases being triggered by contaminated drinking water.
  • Vector borne diseases like Dengue show a high morbidity and mortality rate in the country. However there has been a decrease in both mortality and morbidity due to malaria in the country.
  • Chhattisgarh has the maximum number of cases (77,140) and deaths (26) due to malaria.
  • The per capita public expenditure on health has more than doubled in the past eight years from 621 in 2009 - 10 to 1,657 in 2017 - 18.
Where is the Shortage?

Where is the Shortage?

Where is the Shortage?

Cardiovascular Disease Burden

CVD Burden in India

CVD Burden in India

CVD Burden in India

NGT (National Green Tribunal) On Crop burning issue

  • Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab have been summoned by the NGT recently for not being able to stop crop burning in the past five years.
  • The centre along with the three state governments have also been directed to place on their websites the data of crop fire incidents, listing of officers responsible for the subject and action taken on a daily basis.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board has been asked by NGT to submit a status within two months to check if e-retail companies Amazon and Flipkart are using plastic packaging excessively in violation of the Extended Producer Responsibility under Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.
  • The Tribunal has also prohibited stone mining at Beejadoah village in Madhya Pradesh’s Panna district after the district magistrate and state pollution control board found that the two leased companies were operating extremely close to a school and a water body.

Number of cases on environment and development tracked from January 1,2019 to October 24,2019.

Number of cases on environment and development tracked from January 1,2019 to October 24,2019.

Number of cases on environment and development tracked from January 1,2019 to October 24,2019.

Courts

Number of Cases

Supreme Court

129

High Court

69

National Green Tribunal

709

Packet Milk Adulteration in India

  • As per the recently released reports of National Milk Safety and Quality Survey Over 10 per cent of the processed milk samples (271 out of 2,607) had contaminants such as aflatoxin M1, antibiotics and pesticides above the tolerance limits set by FSSAI.
  • About 4.8 % of raw milk samples (185 out of 3,825) were found non-compliant for safety, the unsafe samples being reported from samples collected from 21 states and two Union Territories.
  • It has also been found that two out of every three Indians drink milk adulterated with detergent, caustic soda, urea and paint.
  • Two out of every three Indians drink milk adulterated with detergent, caustic soda, urea and paint.
  • The WHO has warned India that failure to immediately check the adulteration of milk and milk products would see 87 % of Indian citizens suffering serious diseases like cancer by 2025.

Adulterants Used in Milk and Harmful Effects

Adulterants Used in Milk and Harmful Effects

Adulterants Used in Milk and Harmful Effects

Adulterants

Harmful Effects

Unhygienic Water

Food Poisoning

Chalk Powder

Heart Problems

Soap Powder

Cancer

Starch

Vomiting

Hydrogen Peroxide

Nausea

Urea

Kidney Failure

- Published/Last Modified on: December 6, 2019

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