Day-NULM – New Initiatives Likely to Reduce Vulnerability & Improve Working Conditions (Important) (Download PDF)

()

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 204.55 K)

Ministry of State (I/C) for Housing & Urban Affairs is working on shaping future of ‘work in India’ through role of National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) & National Missions by widening employment opportunities & creating appropriate policies for urban informal workforce.

Image of Organised & Unorganised workers in total

Image of Organised & Unorganised Workers in Total

Image of Organised & Unorganised workers in total

Ministry Focus: Need for National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM) and Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana

  • Economic Survey 2017 - 18 acknowledges fact that employment sector in India poses structural challenges because it is dominated by informal workers.
  • In addition to providing social security, strengthening tenure security & improving basic infrastructure & public services in informal settlements where urban poor are concentrated, the initiatives should reduce vulnerability and improve working conditions.
  • Focus on waste pickers, street vendors, brick-kiln & home based workers, which together form largest proportion of informal workers, with a focus on women.
  • Explore role of National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) & National Missions in widening employment opportunities & creating appropriate policies for urban informal workforce.
  • Focus on people not covered by any social security net nor have any form of job security & informal sector includes enterprises that take form of unincorporated partnerships & proprietorships (having less than 10 workers). Together informal economy is estimated to provide livelihood (subsistence) to around 80 % of urban workforce in India.

National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM)

  • National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) was launched by Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA), GoI in 23rd Sept. , 2013 by replacing existing Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY).
  • Seeks to reduce poverty & vulnerability of urban poor thru access to gainful self-employment & skilled wage employment opportunities, has expanded its ambit to cover some additional sectors in the informal economy.
  • Focus on organizing urban poor in their strong grassroots level institutions, creating opportunities for skill development leading to market-based employment & helping them to set up self-employment venture by ensuring easy access to credit.
  • Mission is aimed at providing shelter equipped w/essential services to urban homeless in phased manner. Mission would address livelihood concerns of urban street vendors.

Coverage

  • In 12th 5 Year Plan, NULM was to be implemented in all districts headquarter towns (irrespective of population) & all other towns w/population of 1 lakh or more as per Census 2011.
  • At present 790 cities are under NULM.

Target Population

  • Primary target of NULM is urban poor, including urban homeless.

Sharing of Funding

  • Funding will be shared b/w Centre & States in ratio of 75: 25. For NE & Special Category States (AP, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, J&K, HP & U’Khand), this ratio will be 90: 10.

Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana

  • Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY) w/aim to uplift urban poor folks by enhancing sustainable livelihood opportunities thru skill development.
  • Keeping in view objective of Make in India, Skill Development is essential for socio economic betterment.
  • GoI has provisioned Rs. 500 cr. for scheme.
  • Scheme is integration of National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) & National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM).
  • National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) is renamed as Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana- (DAY-NULM) & in Hindi as - Rashtriya Shahri Aajeevika Mission.

- Published/Last Modified on: July 19, 2018

Schemes & Proj.

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2018 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, CBSE-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.