Deadlines (DTE 16 - 30 June 2020)

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  • More than 70 % of coal-fired power plants will not meet the environment norms by 2022.
  • Union ministry of environment, forest and climate change (MoEFCC) .
  • Reported b Delhi based non-profit Centre for Science and Environment.
  • About 56 % of the country՚s energy needs are generated by coal fired thermal power plants (TPPs) .
  • Resource intensive and polluting industry.
  • Account for over 60 % of the industrial emissions of particulate matter (PM) ; 45 % of Sulphur Dioxide, 30 % of Oxides of Nitrogen and over 80 % of mercury emissions.
  • India is expected to become the world՚s top emitter of Sulphur Dioxide according to a 2017 based study by the US-based University of Maryland.
  • The coal industry obstructed the move of the MoEFCC regarding the new norms and implementation of the same by 2017.
  • The deadline for Coal based Power Norms was shifted from 2017 to 2022.
  • Status is not known for 38 % of the plants while 53 % plants are said to be complying and 8 % planning to upgrade.
  • Implementation of norms can cut emission of PM by 35 % , SO2 by 80 % and NOx by 42 % .
  • Can also bring down freshwater reuse.
  • Units that are more than 25 years old largely comprise Central- and state-owned plants (plants that are 25 years old) .
  • About 73 % capacity in surveyed states had emissions between 200 and 400 mg/Nm3 (NOx emissions intensity in the surveyed states) as per Centre for Science and Environment 2019 report.
  • About 34 % of the capacity is still at feasibility study (Slow pace to curb SO2 emissions) according to Centre for Science and Environment 2020 report.

Ownership vs. Age Distribution

A major share of the power plants are old.

Ownership V Age Distribution
OwnershipInstalled before Dec 31,2003 (Capacity in GW)Installed between 2004 - 2016 (Capacity in GW)Installed after January 1,2017 (Capacity in GW)

Source: Centre for Science and Environment՚s (CSE) 2019 analysis

The Phase Out Plan

  • All new plants have to meet the stringent new emission norms.
  • SO2 standards will miss the deadline.
  • The plants are functioning but are not compliant with the standards.
  • In 2017 the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) recommended for the retirement of 15,552 MW out of 34,720 MW capacity which was in operation for over 25 years w. r. t old power plants in India in 2015.
  • The remaining capacity was to be retrofitted.

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