Decline in Paddle Stubble Burning by 41% (Policies and Governance, Environment) (Download PDF)

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As per the Union Minister there has been a reduction of 41 % in stubble burning cases in UP, Punjab, Haryana in 2018 as compared to 2016. Various government efforts were put in for consideration under Central Sector Scheme (CSS) on ‘Promotion of Agricultural Mechanization for In-Situ Management of Crop Residue in the State of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh & NCT of Delhi. These efforts were being monitored by Secretary of Department of Agricultural Research and Education and Director General.

As per the government data, more than 4,500 villages in Punjab and Haryana were declared as zero stubble burning villages during 2018. In Northwest India crop residue burning causes air pollution, health hazards, disruption of transportation, school closures and soil degradation.

Image shows of Paddle Stubble Burning in Punjab and Haryana

Image Shows of Paddle Stubble Burning in Punjab and Haryana

Image shows of Paddle Stubble Burning in Punjab and Haryana

Overview

  • The union Government launched the Central Sector Scheme for period from 2018 - 19 to 2019 - 20 to tackle air pollution along with subsidizing machinery for in-situ management of crop residue in States of Punjab, Haryana, UP and NCT of Delhi.

  • Total fund allocation for the scheme was of Rs. Rs. 1151.80 Crores.

  • In 8 lakh hectares of land in North-Western States of India Zero Tillage Technology was adopted. Happy Seeder is a tractor-mounted device has the capability to cut and lift the previous crop (ex- rice straw) and sow a new (wheat) crop in its place.

  • A financial assistance of 50 % of cost is provided to farmers for purchase of in-situ crop residue management machines on individual ownership basis and financial assistance constituting 80 % of project cost is provided for establishment of Custom Hiring Centres of in-situ crop residue management machinery.

  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is implementing scheme by 60 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) of Punjab (22), Haryana (14) and NCT of Delhi (1) and UP (23).

Other Campaigns and Govt. Initiatives

  • Awareness campaigns using 1000s of demonstrations were launched using hoardings, banners and wall paintings.

  • As many as 700 awareness programs at village levels, 200 Kisan Ghostis and Field days, 86 Kisan Melas and 250 schools and colleges were sensitized in collaboration with State departments and agricultural universities.

  • In the last 1 year more than 400 hands-on training were organized and 18,000 farmers, tractor owner and machine operators were trained.

  • Separate funds are also being allocated to States for crop residue management under Sub-Mission on Agriculture Mechanization Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers Welfare under Ministry of Agriculture and farmers Welfare.

  • For demonstration related to the use of straw management machinery at farmers’ fields the corresponding state governments have directed. An amount of Rs. 4000/Hectare shall be used from funds available for demonstration of machines under Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization.

- Published/Last Modified on: September 9, 2019

Policy/Governance, Environment/Ecology

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