Details on National Centre for Disease Control (Download PDF)

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National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) (previously known as National Institute of Communicable Diseases) is an institute under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It was established in July 1963 for research in epidemiology and control of communicable diseases and to reorganize the activities of the Malaria Institute of India (MII).

Image of National Centre for Disease Control

Image of National Centre for Disease Control

Image of National Centre for Disease Control

  • Currently it has eight branches at Alwar, Bangalore, Trivandrum, Calicut, Coonoor, Jagdalpur, Patna, Rajahmundry and Varanasi to advise the respective state governments on public health.

Divisions

NCDC has eight divisions under it namely

  • Epidemiology division

  • Training and malariology division

  • Helminthology division

  • Biochemistry and Biotechnology division

  • Microbiology division

  • Medical Entomology and vector control division

  • Zoonosis division

  • AIDS division

Each divisions has well equipped laboratories with modern equipment, capable of undertaking tests using latest technology.

The institute has a 24 x 7 Disease Monitoring Cell operating round the clock to respond to enquiries related to disease outbreak along-with video-conferencing facility to interact with the network of disease surveillance centres in the states and districts.

The branches are also well equipped and staffed to carry out field studies, training activites and research.

Key Facts

  • Doctors from NCDC had been previously summoned to investigate potential outbreaks of diseases including suspected cases of Pneumonic plague in Punjab in 2002, SARS outbreaks in 2004, meningitis outbreak in Delhi in 2005, and avian influenza in 2006.
  • The NCDC in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has set up the Global Disease Detection Regional Center in New Delhi, India.
  • This would lead to long-term public health collaboration between the Government of India and the United States in many areas including
  1. Establishing high quality research and surveillance on important human infectious diseases

  2. Establishing the Indian EIS (Epidemiological Intelligence System) program,

  3. Developing the NCDC as an international nodal agency in South Asia.

National Health Programmes under NCDC

  • Guinea Worm Eradication Programme (GWEP)

  • National Programme on Containment of Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR)

  • Yaws Eradication Programme (YEP)

  • National Viral Hepatitis Surveillance Programme

  • National Rabies Control Programme

  • Programme for Prevention and Control of Leptospirosis

  • Inter-sectorial Coordination for Prevention and Control of Zoonotic Diseases

  • Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme [IDSP]

- Published/Last Modified on: July 20, 2018

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