Diabetes Global Epidemic (Download PDF)

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The international Diabetes Foundation (IDF) Diabetes Atlas released a latest edition on the International Diabetes Day on 14th November this edition the IDF diabetes Atlas revealed that 463 million adults are currently facing diabetes problem. India stands in the second largest diabetes in the world after China. Out of every 6 people suffering with diabetes in the world, one is from India. China is the first, with 116million diabetes. In India in India there are 77 million adults with diabetes in the age group of 20 - 79 years.

  • Diabetes is one of the key challenges of Public Health of India. India is experiencing Rapid demographic and epidemiological transitions with the rising burden of non-communicable diseases.
  • The number will be increased to 134 million in the next 25 years. 10 % of Global Health expenditure is being spent on diabetes.
World Diabetes Global Epidemic

Diabetes Analysis

  • Diabetes is the deficiency in production of insulin by pancreas
  • Diabetes the food that we eat is broken down into Sugars as glucose and release into blood stains.
  • When blood sugar goes up pancreas releases insulin it acts like a key to the blood sugar into body cells for use as energy.
  • It caused by inherited or acquired.
  • It leads to increase of glucose levels into the blood which will damage many of the body systems like blood vessels and the nerves.

Types of Diabetes

  • There are two types of diabetes namely Type 1 and type 2.
  • In Type 1 Diabetes, the body stops producing insulin which is caused by auto immune reaction. Pancreas fails to produce insulin.
  • It occurs in children and adolescence Type 1 Diabetes formerly known as insulin dependent.
  • In Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn՚t utilize insulin that is produced by the pancreas.
  • 90 % of the people suffer from the type 2 diabetes. It occurs mainly in adults.
  • Due to Rapid urbanization, demographic transition, Lifestyle modification leads to increase in stress and anxiety. It is resulting in increase of diabetes in adult.
  • Gestational diabetes is a high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and it disappears after the termination of pregnancy.
  • If the body cannot produce enough insulin this diabetes occurs. It may cause problem for the mother and child during and after birth.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 12, 2019

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