Difference Between Biomethane and Fossil Fuel-India’S First Bio-CNG Bus Developed by Tata Motors (Download PDF)


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India’s largest Commercial Vehicles manufacturer Tata Motors unveiled first Bio-CNG (bio-methane) bus. The bus was rolled out at the Urja Utsav, bio-energy programme, organized by the Union Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

Image of Biomethane and Fossil Fuel

Image of Biomethane and Fossil Fuel

Image of Biomethane and Fossil Fuel

  • Tata Motors displayed bio-methane engines for LCV, ICV & MCV buses.
  • First of its kind bio-methane bus provides an alternate greener fuel technology.
  • Contributes to the Smart Cities Mission.
  • Good option for wet garbage management.

About Biomethane

  • Biomethane naturally occurring gas produced by anaerobic digestion of organic matter such as dead animal and plant material, manure, sewage, organic waste, etc
  • Identical to natural gas – fossil fuel stored in the ground

Difference between Biomethane and Fossil Fuel

  • Natural gas is classified as fossil fuel, whereas biomethane is defined as a green source of energy.
  • Fossil fuel derived methane produced from thousands or millions of years old fossil remains buried deep in the ground depending exclusively on its natural reserves not available in limitless amounts. Biomethane is produced from waste making it renewable.
  • Methane is 20 times more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide if released into the atmosphere. Thus it is best to use methane for fuel even though it might emit carbon dioxide. Organic matter from which Biomethane is produced would release the methane into atmosphere anyway.

Advantages of Biomethane

  • Eliminates release of methane and other harmful gases into the atmosphere.
  • Reduces the need for fossil fuels.
  • Reduces need for firewood, preserving forests
  • Converting organic matter into biomethane improves hygienic conditions and quality of life in the rural areas, and reduces the risk of water pollution.
  • Chemically identical to natural gas, so can be used for the same applications as natural gas- electricity generation, water heating, space heating, cooking and fuelling vehicles.

- Published/Last Modified on: August 5, 2017


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