Dr. Lalji Singh: Father of DNA Fingerprinting in India Passes Away (Download PDF)

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Eminent scientist and father of DNA fingerprinting in India Dr. Lalji Singh passed away. He was instrumental in making DNA fingerprinting mainstream in India for research and for forensic applications.

Image of DNA Fingerprinting

Image of DNA Fingerprinting

Image of DNA Fingerprinting

Contributions of Dr. Lalji Singh

  • Set up several dedicated labs on aspects of genetics such as population biology, structural biology, and transgenic research.

  • His work in field of DNA fingerprinting technology contributed for sex determination, wildlife conservation forensics, and evolution and migration of humans.

  • Establishes Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD) in late 1990s- making it nodal centre for DNA fingerprinting and diagnostics for all species and several diseases.

  • Founded Laboratory for Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES).

About Dr. Lalji Singh

  • Served as a director at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad from 1998 to 2009.

  • Served as Vice Chancellor of the Banaras Hindu University (2001 – 2014), his alma mater.

  • He was active in the Genome Foundation, a non-profit organisation to diagnose and treat genetic disorders affecting the underprivileged, especially from rural India.

  • He was awarded Padma Shri award.

What is DNA Fingerprinting?

  • Almost every cell in body contains unique DNA.

  • On average, about 99.9 per cent of the DNA between two humans is the same- remaining makes us unique.

  • That is there are three million base pairs different between two people

  • Minisatellites are short repetitive DNA sequences with greater variation. First minisatellite was discovered in 1980.

  • DNA fingerprinting was invented in 1984 by Professor Sir Alec Jeffreys based on minisatellites.

  • DNA fingerprinting simultaneously detects minisatellites in the genome to produce a unique pattern.

  • The probability of having two people with the same DNA fingerprint that are not identical twins is very small.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 31, 2017

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