Draft Guidelines on Food Fortification of Salt, Milk, Wheat Flour, Rice and Edible Oil(Download PDF)

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The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has issued the draft guidelines on fortification for five food items – salt, milk, wheat flour, rice and edible oil – to boost production and consumption of fortified foods.

Image of Commonly Fortified Foods

Image of Commonly Fortified Foods

Image of Commonly Fortified Foods

What is Fortification?

  • Fortification means deliberately adding or increasing the content of essential micro nutrients in food items to improve quality.
Image of Fortification

Image of Fortification

Image of Fortification

Draft Guidelines Issued by FSSAI

Standards have been set for fortification of

  • Salt with iodine and iron;

  • Vegetable oil and milk with vitamin A and D

  • Wheat flour and rice with iron, folic acid, zinc, vitamin B12, vitamin A and some other micro nutrients

  • Vanaspati

  • Rice

  • Refined flour

Background Work

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Human Resource Development have advised the use of double fortified salt (iron and iodine), wheat flour (with iron, folic acid and vitamin B-12) and edible oil with (vitamin A and D) under their Schemes i. e. Integrated Child Development Scheme and Mid-day Meal Scheme.
  • FSSAI established Food Fortification Resource Centre (FFRC) in collaboration with Tata Trusts and various International NGOs working in the field of nutrition as a resource centre to promote large-scale fortification of food and to nudge & facilitate food businesses to adopt fortification as a norm.
  • Members from Scientific Panels dealt with food fortifying vehicles such as wheat flour, refined flour, rice, milk, edible oil and salt will also be a part of this committee. Scientific Panel on ‘Food Fortification and Nutrition’
  • FSSAI has set up a new Scientific Panel on ‘Food Fortification and Nutrition’ to address issues related to fortification of food
  1. The Panel will identify critical nutritional gaps in the Indian diet in general as well as in specific target groups based on diet surveys and credible scientific evidence.
  2. It will define strategies to address nutritional needs of the general population and vulnerable groups, besides reviewing the standards for all suitable food fortifying vehicles.
  3. The panel will also address regulatory and related technological issues, review proposals from industry using modern risk assessment methods, and prescribe standard sampling and test methods for effective monitoring, surveillance and enforcement of the relevant regulations.
  • FSSAI had earlier brought out Draft Regulations for fortified food – Food Safety and Standards (Fortification of Food) Regulations, 2016 which were operationalised in October 2016.

Specific Packaging and Labelling Requirements

  • All fortified food shall be packaged in a manner that takes into consideration the nature of the fortificant added and its effect on the shelf life of such food.

  • Every package of fortified food shall carry the words “fortified with (name of the fortificant) and the fortification logo on the label

  • Every package of food, fortified with Iron shall carry a statement “Not recommended for people with Thalassemia and people on low iron diet”.

  • Provision to make a nutrition claim in relation to an article of fortified food

Promotion of Fortified Food

The FSSAI is taking an active part in promoting food fortification and has taken the necessary steps to encourage the production, manufacture, distribution, sale and consumption of fortified food including fortification through conventional breeding/hybridization, in cooperation with concerned government departments. Without any prejudice the FSSAI will endeavour to

  • Advise and promote the use of fortified food in Government-funded programmes on distribution of food

  • Organise public awareness, education and advocacy campaigns on nutrition and fortified food

  • Conduct technical assistance programmes and provide technical expertise to small manufacturers to enable them to undertake fortification

  • Equip laboratories and research institutions notified under the Act to conduct the nutrient analysis of fortified food; and

  • Identify and recommend to the Central and State Governments, financial incentives, subsidies and loans to be provided to manufacturers and packers to encourage them to undertake fortification

- Published/Last Modified on: June 21, 2018

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