Draft India Data Accessibility & Use Policy, 2022

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The central government of India has published a draft data policy recently. According to the policy, all data collected, maintained, and generated by government ministry and agency shall be shareable and open. The policy aims to radically transform India՚s ability to harness public sector data. Data sharing shall happen within the legal framework of India՚s national policies and legislation along with the recognized international guidelines.

India Data Office (constituted by MeitY) shall be entrusted with the responsibility of monitoring the implementation and enforcement of the policy. For finalizing Data standards and Metadata standards, India Data Council shall be the responsible entity. To coordinate data sharing across Ministries, the India Data Council would be supported by a dedicated support unit which would also provide technical support and periodically evaluate the performance.

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  • India՚s aim of becoming a $ 5 trillion-dollar digital economy depends upon its ability to harness the value of data.
  • All the ministries/departments would be provided a data-sharing toolkit.
  • Legal framework of the policy shall be aligned with various acts and rules covering the data.
  • Data shall remain the property of the agency/department/ministry which generate/collect it.
  • The envisioned policy includes unlock high-value data across the economy.
  • Facilitating a congruent and robust governance strategy.
  • Realizing an interoperable digital infrastructure.
  • Data skills and data-driven culture.

Objectives of the Policy

  • To maximize access to and use of quality non-personal data.
  • To improve policymaking, evaluation, and monitoring.
  • To enhance the efficiency of service delivery.
  • To facilitate the creation of public digital platforms.
  • To protect the privacy and security of all citizens.
  • To streamline inter-government data sharing while maintaining privacy.
  • To promote transparency, accountability, and data sharing & release.
  • To ensure greater citizen awareness, participation, and engagement with open data.
  • To increase the availability of data sets of national importance.
  • Improving overall compliance of data sharing along with privacy policies and standards.

Principles of the Policy

  • Identification of data sets for sharing
  • Transparency in operations
  • User-centred practices & systems
  • Risk management over risk avoidance
  • Trust among stakeholders, systems, and transactions
  • Equal and non-discriminatory access
  • Regulatory clarity & structured enforcement
  • Proactive data sharing for innovation & research
  • Protection of Intellectual Property

Current Challenges with Data Sharing and Use

  • Policy Monitoring & Enforcement
  • Data Discoverability & Inter-Governmental Data Sharing
  • Siloed Data Platforms/Portals/Initiatives
  • Absence of Data Sharing Toolkit/Playbook
  • Lack of Framework for Identification of High-Value Data Sets
  • Absence of Data Licensing & Valuation Frameworks
  • Limited Focus on Restricted Data Sharing
  • Lack of Metadata Quality Standards
  • Inadequate Government Data Capacity
  • Limited Citizen Engagement & Data Stewardship

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