EU Ruling on Gene Editing and IT and Computers (Download PDF)

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The European Court of Justice. Organisms obtained by mutagenesis are also GMOs. Within the meaning of the GMO Directive.

Gene Editing

  • Editing of the organism՚s native genome.
  • CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) a gene editing technology.
  • CRISPR- Successful use in human embryos.


  • Used to tackle specific traits by creating mutations.
  • Faster product development.
  • An important role in increasing productivity.


  • Questions over the efficiency of gene editing.
  • Potential to disrupt the natural order exist.
  • New ruling will affect research.

Case with India

  • Gene editing technology is mainly confined to research and not the field.
  • Does not have any regulations on CRISPR.
  • A need for a regulatory framework that does not take long processes for approval.
  • Should take up models followed in the US, Australia and Canada.
  • Regulations have been more strict in Europe as compared to the US and Canada.

IT and Computers

  • Telecommunication of India.
  • Approval of the net neutrality rules under new telecom policy.

Net Neutrality

  • The Telecom Commission.
  • Highest decision-making body.
  • Department of Telecommunications.
  • Internet will remain open to everybody in the country.
  • Approval of new telecom policy, National Digital Communications Policy (NDCP) 2018.
  • To promote investments, ease of doing business, and emerging technologies like 5G.


  • To ensure no service provider can restrict or discriminate in the treatment of content.
  • Blocking, slowing down or granting preferential speeds while providing internet access.
  • Allows smaller businesses and individuals to create and disseminate content without fear.
  • Will remain an open platform.
  • To promote innovation across the entire digital ecosystem.


  • Restrict the freedom of telecom service providers to offer favourable terms to specific content providers.
  • Telecom service providers cannot offer zero-rating services.

- Published/Last Modified on: March 20, 2020


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