Education Sector, Flattening the Climate Curve (March 2021) (Download PDF)

Doorsteptutor material for CLAT is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation- practice your way to success.

Education Sector

  • India is expected to become the country with the largest working-age population by 2030.
  • Requires literacy, job, and life skills.
  • Intentions to equip the Indian workforce with the skill-sets matching the demands of different industries and employers.
  • Integrated Teaching Training Programme for Improving Quality of School Education.
  • Education sector has received a boost of ₹ 93,224 in 2021 - 22 out of which ₹ 54,873.66 crore for school education and ₹ 38,325.15 crore for higher education.
  • Implementing the National Educational Policy 2020.
  • Getting greater support for rationalizing regulation.
  • Encouraging quality education to multiple partnership.
  • Identifying 15,000 schools for quantitative change and converting them as exemplar schools is a novel step.
  • Setting up 100 Sainik Schools in different States with the help of NGOs and private sectors.
  • 750 Eklavya Model Residential Schools are to be set up at a cost of ₹ 38 crore, with ₹ 48 crore in difficult areas.
  • Budget 2021 might not appear to have tickled all the boxes but it does reflect, the reiteration of the government initiatives.
  • Firm commitments and resolves to strengthen quality of education, enhance skills, and improve employability.

The National Post-Metric Scholarship Scheme

  • Students from scheduled caste till 2025 - 26.
  • Allocation of ₹ 35,219 crore is a significant step for adequately emphasizing human skills.
  • Possible partnership with Japan and UAE.
  • New skills for the workforce.


  • The National Digital Educational Architecture.
  • The National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers for Holistic Advancement.
  • Providing support to the teaching and learning activities.
  • Through Digital architecture.
  • More than 5.6 million school teachers are expected to be trained through NISHTHA in 2021 - 22.
  • Immense help in educational planning, administration, and governance.
  • Gearing up the system towards what is enshrined in the (SDG) 4: from quantitative to qualitative education.


  • Higher Education Commission is an umbrella body.
  • Four verticals would undertake standard setting, accreditation, regulation, and the funding of higher educational institutions.
  • A central University in Leh will be set up.
  • Glue grant to create umbrella structure for better synergy amongst various research institutions, universities, and colleges.

National Initiative for School Heads՚ and Teachers՚ Holistic Advancement

  • Training of all heads and teachers as first level counsellors.
  • Promoting experiential and joyful learning.
  • Awareness on centrally sponsored schemes/initiatives.
  • CBSE board exams from the year 2022 in a phased manner to move away from conventional rote learning approach.
  • Transforming the educational system learning framework.
  • An evolved and engaged pedagogical approach.

Increased Allocation from RE 2020 - 21

Increased Allocation from RE 2020 - 21

Percentage Increase from RE 2020 - 21

Percentage Increase from RE 2020 - 21

Huge Increase in Allocation from Previous Budget

Huge Increase in Allocation from Previous Budget

New Initiatives

  • Opening of Bhartiya Bhasha Vishwavidyalaya and Institute of Translation.
  • Indian Knowledge System.
  • Academic Bank of Credit.
  • PM e-Vidya.
  • Multidisciplinary Education and Research Improvement in Technical Education (MERITE) would replace TEQIP (Technical Education Quality Improvement Program)
  • In line with the recommendations in NEP.

Flattening the Climate Curve

  • A renewed focus on clean energy.
  • Disaster-resilient infrastructure.
  • Water conservation and preservation.
  • Electric mobility.
  • Planned afforestation.
  • Fighting climate change in an integrated, comprehensive, and holistic way.
  • The country has already embarked on a V-shaped path of economic recovery.
  • Preparing the foundation for:
    • Sustainable growth
    • Progress
    • Better quality of life
  • Finance is a critical enabler of India՚s climate change action.
  • It has to make judicious use of its scarce resources to satisfy competing demands.
  • Effective implementation of programmes through unique linkages, and engineering new and innovations forms of policy interventions.
  • Simultaneously advances economic and environmental objectives.
  • The Budget laid adequate emphasis on economic, social, and environmental pillars of sustainable development.
  • Demonstration of the government՚s sensitivity.
  • Resolution to secure the future of its citizens from the adverse consequences of climate change.

Petroleum & Natural Gas

  • Ujjwala Scheme which has benefited 8 crore households will be extended to cover 1 crore more beneficiaries.
  • A gas pipeline project to be taken up in Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • An independent Gas Transport System Operator to be set up.


Clean Air

An amount of ₹ 2,217 crore for 42 urban centres with a million-plus population to tackle the menace of air pollution.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Urban)

  • The Urban Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0. implemented with a total financial allocation of ₹ 1,41, 678 crore over a period of 5 years from 2021 - 2026.
  • Key focus areas include:
    • Complete fecal sludge management and waste-water treatment.
    • Source segregation of garbage.
    • Reduction in single-use plastic.
    • Reduction in air pollution by managing waste from construction and demolition activities and bio-remediation of all legacy dump sites.

Scrapping Policy

  • The govt. announced a voluntary vehicle scrapping policy, to phase out old and unfit vehicles.
  • Vehicles would undergo fitness tests in automated fitness centres after 20 years in case of personal vehicles, 15 years in case of commercial vehicles. This will help in:
    • Encouraging fuel-efficient, environment friendly vehicles.
    • Reducing vehicular pollution.
    • Reducing the country՚s oil import bill.

PLI Scheme

  • Production Linked Scheme.
  • The govt. has committed nearly ₹ 1.97 lakh crore over 5 years starting FY 2021 - 22. This will help in creating manufacturing global champions that:
    • Become an integral part of global supply chains.
    • Possess core competence and cutting-edge technology.
    • Provide jobs to youth by bringing scale and size in key sectors.
Electronics Sector
  • Boosting Employment in New India.
  • Projected Outcomes:
    • 2 lakhs + direct employment opportunities in the next 5 years.
    • Additional indirect employment of 3 times the direct employment.

Augmentation of City Bus Service

  • The govt. has proposed to launch a new scheme at a cost of ₹ 18,000 crore to support augmentation of public bus transport services.
  • Facilitate deployment of innovative PPP models to enable private sector players to finance, acquire, operate, and maintain over 20,000 houses.
    • Provide fillip to economic growth.
    • Create employment opportunities for youth.
    • Enhance use of mobility for urban residents.

Non-Conventional/Green Energy

  • Launch a Hydrogen energy Mission in 2021 - 22 for generating hydrogen from green power sources.
  • Add 100 more districts in next 3 years to the City Gas Distribution Network and take up new gas pipeline project in the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Extend the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana to cover 1 crore more beneficiaries.
  • Provide additional capital infusion of ₹ 1000 crore to Solar Energy Corporation of India and ₹ 1,500 crore to Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency.

Phased Manufacturing Plan

  • To build up domestic capacity and encourage domestic production.
  • The govt. will notify a phased manufacturing plan for solar cells and solar panels.
  • Raise duty on solar invertors from 5 % to 20 % and on solar lanterns from 5 % to 15 % .

Conservation of Deep-Sea Biodiversity

  • An outlay of more than ₹ 4,000 crore over five years for the launch of a Deep Ocean Mission.
    • Exploration of living and non-living resources.
    • Through deep ocean survey.
    • Projects for the conservation of deep-sea biodiversity.

Reduced Use of Paper

  • First of its kind Digital Budget.
  • Allocation of ₹ 3,768 crore in the year 2021 - 22 to make the forthcoming census the first “Digital Census” in the history of India.
  • ₹ 1,500 crore for a proposed scheme that will provide financial incentive to promote digital modes of payment.

Green be Seen

  • Green Mother Earth and blue skies.
  • Incentivizing the private sector participation to scale up investments for a sustainable and transformational impact.

Needs to be Done

  • It is necessary to put in place a mechanism to identify gaps and measure progress of the nation՚s climate action.
  • By building a credible monitoring and reporting system.
  • Optimal utilization of funds and unlocking of investments at the transformational scales needed.
  • A need to develop a “Climate Budget Tagging (CBT) ” tool.
  • The negative externalities certain policies can be minimized by incorporating a detailed account of social, economic, environmental, and administrative impact in every legislative proposal.
  • Not accepting electoral contributions from oil, gas and coal corporations will be a welcome step.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 13, 2021


Developed by: