Education for New India (Yojana 2021) (Download PDF)

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Education for New India

Development of cognitive, social, and soft skills including cultural awareness and empathy, perseverance and grit, teamwork, leadership, communication among others.

New India will provide a strong foundation based on the principles of:

  • Accessibility
  • Equity
  • Quality
  • Affordability
  • Accountability

Land of prodigious scholars such as Charaka, Susruta, Aryabhatta, Varahmihira, Bhaskaracharya, Brahmagupta, Chanakya among several others.

Highest standards of multidisciplinary and research:

  • Takshashila
  • Nalanda
  • Vikramshila
  • Vallabhi
    • In Global Innovation Index, for the first time India is among the 50 countries with a rank of 48.
    • In the year 2015, India stood at 81st position.

Employability Rankings 2020

  • Ranking from 23 in 2010 to 15 in 2020.
  • Decline in the UK and US varsities.

Quacquarelli Symonds (Qs) Rankings

  • World University Rankings.
  • 21 institutions in 2019.
  • As per the latest edition 26 Indian departments entering the top 100 list for their subjects.
  • Increase in the number of Indian programmes ranking among the global top 50.

Concerns Pre- And Post-Independence

  • The Indigenous institutes became extinct with the coming of Britishers by the late 19th century.
  • Education imparted focused mainly on reading.
  • Even the skills of writing and arithmetic were cultivated in a few.
  • System was entirely alien and rootless as wished by Lord Macaulay.
  • Irrelevancy of the education system post-independence too burdened the education.
  • Too much emphasis on English and too little on Indian languages.
  • Situation called for a radical reconstruction of education for the nation to progress.

Concerns Addressed in Several Commissions and Committees

  • University Education Commission (1948 - 49) .
  • Secondary Education Commission (1952 - 53) .
  • National Education Policy (1968) .
  • National Commission on Teachers (1983 - 85) .
  • National Policy on Education (1986) , modified in 1992 (NPE 1986 - 92)
  • National Curriculum Framework (2005) .

AIsHE Report 2018 - 19

  • Literacy rate at present stands to 74.04 % as compared to 14 % at the time of independence.
  • Present education system has 15,50, 006 schools, 9,416, 895 teachers and 24, 78,53, 688 students at the school level.
  • There are 993 universities, 39,931 Colleges and 10,725 Stand Alone Institutes.

National Education Policy

  • Introduced by the Ministry of Education.
  • Response of the changes happened in the past three decades post the last Education Policy.
  • Aims to cater to the many growing developmental imperatives of this country.
  • Creating a just and equitable society on the other.
  • NEP will enable students to move towards ‘learning to learn’ with the spirit of critical inquiry, problem solving and creativity.
  • A platform will be provided to the students to evolve themselves in a culture of multidisciplinary education and innovation.
National Education Policy 2020

- Published/Last Modified on: May 11, 2021

Education, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana

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