Expected Most Important Topics for UPSC - 2018 (Part - 17) (Download PDF)


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National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi - nomadic Tribe: The National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi - nomadic Tribes has given its report in 2016. While some of these communities want recognition as SCs/STs and OBCs, others want recognition as DNTs/NTs.

  • In 2002, Justice Venkatchaliah Commission recommended for strengthening the programmes for economic and educational development of DNTs.

  • Consequently, a National Commission for Denotified Nomadic and Semi - Nomadic Tribes was constituted in 2005.

Rajasthan Leads in Child Marriages

  • The report of a study conducted on child marriages by Young Lives in coordination with the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has been released.

  • Rajasthan has reported the highest incidence of child marriages in the country.

  • 2.5 % of marriages of minor girls were reported in Rajasthan.

  • Rajasthan is followed by 15 States, including Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Sikkim, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Nagaland, Assam, Maharashtra, Tripura, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Karnataka.

  • No marriage below 10 years of age was reported across the country.

Inclusive India Initiative

  • The National Trust under Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment in collaboration with key partners recently organised the conference “Inclusive India Initiative: Towards an Inclusive India” for intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs).

  • The ‘Inclusive India Initiative’ of National Trust is specifically catering to persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities; with an objective to include these people in the mainstream and in all important aspects of social life, namely education, employment and community ‘Inclusive India’ in about changing the attitudes.

  • The three core focus areas of Inclusive India Initiative are Inclusive Education, Inclusive Employment and Inclusive Community Life.

National Trust

  • National Trust is a statutory body of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, set up under the “National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Retardation and Multiple Disabilities” Act (Act 44 of 1999).

  • The National Trust was envisaged with a core mission of providing opportunities for capacity development of Persons with Disabilities and their families, fulfilling their rights, facilitating and promoting the creation of an enabling environment and an inclusive society.

Skill for Life, Save a Life’ Initiative

  • The government has launched the ‘Skill for Life, Save a Life’ initiative.

  • Aims to upscale the quantity and quality of trained professionals in the healthcare system.

  • Under this initiative various courses are planned to be initiated targeting specific competencies for healthcare professionals as well as for general public.

  • More than 65 % youth are below the age of 35 years in India and the country should seize this opportunity by providing adequate skills and employability to the youth for a strong foundation for continued and sustainable growth.

Vatsalya – Maatri Amrit Kosh

  • National Human Milk Bank and Lactation Counselling Centre (Vatsalya – Maatri Amrit Kosh) set up at Lady Hardinge Medical College Delhi.

  • Established in collaboration with the Norwegian government, Oslo University and Norway India Partnership Initiative (NIPI).

  • The Mothers Absolute Affection (MAA) programme to create awareness regarding breastfeeding has become the most cost - effective way of enhancing the child’s immunity.

MAA (Mothers Absolute Affection)

  • Flagship programme to ensure that adequate awareness is generated among masses, especially mothers and related family of newly born child, about the benefits of breastfeeding.

  • To enhance optimal breastfeeding practices.

  • Programme will focus on initiation of breastfeeding within an hour of birth, exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months, and continued breastfeeding for at least two year.

  • The programme will be monitored by UNICEF and other partners.

Kasturirangan Committee For Education Policy

  • Dr. K. Kasturirangan committee has been constituted to prepare preparation final draft of National Education Policy.

  • The committee includes members from across the country from various sectors and age groups in the hope of understanding various issues in formulation of policy.

  • Inputs from TSR Subramanian panel constitutes earlier and thousands of suggestions from educationists, teachers, experts, students and other stakeholders would also be considered by the committee.

National Council of Senior Citizens (NCSrC)

  • Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment chaired the recently held ‘Second Meeting of National Council of Senior Citizens (NCSrC) ’ organized by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

  • In pursuance of the National Policy for Older Persons (NPOP), a National Council for Older Persons (NCOP) was constituted in 1999 under the Chairpersonship of the Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment to oversee implementation of the Policy.

Carnegie Medal

  • Wipro Chairman Azim Premji is among the recepients of this year’s Carnegie Medal, considered the most prestigious prize in philanthropy, for his efforts to reform India’s public school system.

  • Premji is among the nine recipients recognised “for their outstanding and innovative leadership in philanthropy”.

  • The Carnegie Medal of Philanthropy was established in 2001 and is awarded every two years. The recepients will be honoured in a ceremony to be held in October.

India’s First Transgender Sports Meet

  • India’s First Transgender Sports meet was organised by the Kerala State Sports Council at Thiruvananthapuram.

  • Kerala was the first state which formulated the Transgender Policy to enforce the constitutional rights of transgender.

  • Sporting categories have always been on gender binary lines.

  • This sports event is one of many outcomes from the efforts to close the gap between legislation and its enforcement on the ground.

Prime Minister’s Award for YOGA, 2017

  • PM’s Award for Outstanding Contribution to Promotion and Development of Yoga announced.

  • Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute, Pune bags the prestigious Award for 2017.

  • International Day of Yoga comes under Ministry of Ayush.

Yoga Village

  • Kerala gets its first total yoga village.

  • In Kunnamthanam, at least one member of every family is trained in the discipline.

  • Grama panchayat president K. K. Radhakrishna Kurup declared Kunnamthanam Kerala’s first total yoga village in a public function held at the NSS Higher Secondary School grounds at the village headquarters.

Slum Yuva Daud

  • 3rd Slum Yuva Daud held in Delhi.

  • Thousands of youth from Delhi slums participated in the run which started from Kasturba Gandhi Polytechnic, Pitampura and ended at Pitampura Sports Complex.

  • Slum Yuva Daud is part of the Adopt Slum Campaign initiated by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports and Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan.

  • Slum Yuva Daud & Adopt Slum campaigns aim at highlighting the government’s pro - people schemes among masses.

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)

  • Parents of a CAH child, have started a support group called ‘CAH Support India ’ (www.cahindia.org) involving a community of parents, grandparents and caregivers of CAH children.

  • The International Coalition for Endocrine Patient Support Organisations worldwide has listed this support group as the first such group for endocrine disorders in India.

  • Commoner in consanguineous marriage.

Yuva Puraskar 2018

  • Sahitya Akademi is inviting books from publishers & young Indian authors of the age of 35 and below in all the 24 languages recognized by the Akademi.

  • The applicant author should be 35 or below on 1st January 2017.

  • Yuva Puraskar 2018:

    • By Sahitya Akademi

    • from publishers & young Indian authors

    • age of 35 and below

    • In all the 24 languages recognized by the Akademi.

Sahiya Akademi

  • It is Indian National Academy of Letters, to promote Indian literature through publications, translations, seminars, workshops, cultural exchange programmes & literary meets organized all over country.

  • 3 fellowships by Sahitya Akademi are:

    • Sahitya Akademi Honorary Fellowship (highest honor to literary figures. )

    • Anand Fellowship

    • Premachand Fellowship


Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI)

  • It is an economic research centre within the Oxford Department of International Development at the University of Oxford.

  • OPHI aims to build and advance a more systematic methodological and economic framework for reducing multidimensional poverty, grounded in people’s experiences and values.

  • A “multidimensionally poor” child is one who lacks at least one - third of ten indicators, grouped into three dimensions of poverty: health, education and standard of living.

Attack Against Adult by Khap Panchayats is Absolutely Illegal – SC

  • Supreme Court recently said any attack against an adult man and woman opting for an inter - caste marriage by khap panchayats or associations is “absolutely illegal”Attack against adult by khap panchayats is absolutely illegal – SC.

  • They are the traditional social institutions engaged in dispute resolution in village communities.

  • They are formally distinct from the lawfully elected village panchayats and their rulings have no legal sanctity in the eyes of court.

  • It is generally an all - male organization and its leaders are unelected but based on their social clout.

India Health Fund

  • It is an initiative by Tata Trusts, in collaboration with the Global Fund has come forward to financially support innovations and technologies designed to combat tuberculosis and malaria.

  • TB and malaria pose long - standing health challenges for India.

  • The two diseases account for over 4.23 lakh deaths and around 15 million lab - confirmed cases every year.

  • Global Fund is designed to accelerate the end of AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as epidemics.


  • Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) is a centrally sponsored scheme aimed at providing market relevant training to youths across the country.

  • Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) is a central sector scheme aimed at improving the quality and the market relevance of vocational training provided in it is.

  • Both projects are under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and supported by World Bank loan assistance.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 30, 2018

Sports, Health, Awards, Govt. Schemes/Projects

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.