Expected Most Important Topics for UPSC - 2018 (Part - 19) (Download PDF)


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Tele - Law: In its effort to make legal aid easily accessible to the marginalized communities and citizens living in rural areas. Government of India launched the ‘Tele - Law’. Available across the Common Service Centre (CSC) network.

  • This will connect the citizens to legal service providers with the help of technology enabled platforms.

  • Video conferencing available at the Common Service Centres (CSC) to connect poor people with lawyers.

SMARTGRAM Initiative

  • Recently, President of India laid the foundation stone of a Driver’s Training Institute and Secondary School under SMARTGRAM Initiative at village Dhaula, Gurugram (Haryana).

  • The model is based on the convergence of resources.

  • A ‘smart gram’ according to the project, would have required:

    • Basic physical and social infrastructure

    • with the layer of smart information

    • Communication embedded to improve governance and delivery of services

    • Livelihood and economic opportunities.

COMMIT (Comprehensive Online Modified Modules on Induction Training)

  • Dr. Jitendra Singh launches new training programme ‘COMMIT’ for State Government officials.

  • COMMIT covers about 3.3 lakh officials every year.

  • Objective:

    • To improve public service delivery mechanism

    • Provide citizen centric administration through capacity building of officials who interact with the citizens on day to day basis.

Kambala Bill

  • Union Ministry of Law and Justice cleared the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Karnataka Amendment) Bill 2017.

  • Approval by the President.

  • Help in smooth conduct of ‘kambala’ (the traditional slush track buffalo race) in Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts of Karnataka.

  • Bill seeks to exempt kambala and bullock - cart racing from ambit of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act, 1960.

Informer Scheme

  • Uttar Pradesh sets up cell for sex determination cases.

National Mission on Cultural Mapping in India

  • Launched at Goverdhan Block, Mathura District, Uttar Pradesh.

  • This Mission is part of the ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’ umbrella.

  • To bring all the cultural activities under one web based umbrella through data mapping.

  • Facilitating a direct channel for artist-government communication.

  • To involve 6.40 lakh villages in next 3 years.

Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat

  • Announced by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 31st October, 2015.

  • On the occasion of the 140th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

  • All States and UTs will be covered under the programme.

  • Activity will be very useful to link various States and Districts in annual programmes.

  • District level pairings would be independent of the State level pairings.

  • There will be pairing of States/UTs at national level and these pairings.

Army’s Super- 40

  • Coaching initiative by the army.

  • Training local children to take engineering/entrance/examinations.

  • Coaching conducted at Srinagar by Army.

Swasth Saarthi Abhiyaan (SSA):

  • SSA event is a unique initiative.

  • To address the major issues being faced by public transport drivers, with almost all of them being users of CNG.

  • Two month long mega campaign.

  • Focusing on providing preventive healthcare to the auto, taxi and bus drivers of the region.

  • SSA is an initiative of Indraprastha Gas Limited (IGL).

Government Launches VAJRA Scheme

  • Department of Science and Technology (DST) launched a scheme named ‘Visiting Advanced Joint Research Faculty’ (VAJRA).

  • Bid to bring together the Indian scientists abroad and India.

  • Based researchers for conducting joint researches in India.

  • Broad areas of research like energy, health, advance material and others would be promoted under the scheme.

Consensus on NCBC Bill

  • National Commission for Backward Classes, reached a consensus, paving the way for its likely passage in Rajya Sabha in the monsoon session.

Bill proposes:

  • Insertion of a new Clause (26C) under Article 366.

  • Insertion of provision after Articles 341 and 342 viz. 342 A.

  • Repeal of National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993, and Rules framed there under.

  • Dissolution of the Commission constituted under the Act of 1993.

  • Composition of the new Commission.

Panel to Study Free Movement Along Myanmar Border

  • Union Home Ministry constituted another committee to examine methods to curb the misuse of free movement along the Myanmar border.

  • Free movement regime is being misused by militants and trans-border criminals.

  • India shares 1,643 - km long border with Myanmar that passes through four states:

    • Arunachal Pradesh

    • Nagaland

    • Manipur

    • Mizoram

Free Movement Regime

  • Indian and Myanmarese governments established Free Movement Regime (FMR).

  • To address their concerns and enable greater interaction among them.

  • Allowed Nagas to travel 16 kilometres across the border on either side without any visa requirements.

  • Formation of Myanmar as a separate State in 1935.

  • Decolonisation of the sub-continent in 1947 divided ethnic communities living along the Indo-Myanmar border.

  • Became relegated to status of ethnic minorities on both sides of the border.

Regulating Flow of Public Money to NGO

  • More than 10,000 NGOs may lose license to receive any foreign grant.

  • Recently, one SC judgment suggested centre to frame a statutory law regarding the same.

  • Directed the government to audit nearly 30 lakh NGOs.

  • Receive public funds but do not explain their expenditure.

  • Also, planning for roping in Income Tax authorities for criminal conviction.

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act

  • The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act enacted in 1976.

  • It regulates all grants, gifts and donations from NRIs.

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act 2010:

  • Indian act of Parliament, by the 42nd Act of 2010.

  • FCRA registration would expire after 5 years.

  • Restriction (50%) on the proportion of foreign funds.

  • New law shifts focus from only political parties to “organisations of a political nature”.

  • Enables government to target inconvenient NGOs.

  • Comes under Ministry of Home Affairs.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 30, 2018

International Relations/Organizations, Govt. Schemes/Projects, Bills, Culture

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