Expected Most Important Topics for UPSC - 2018 (Part - 21) (Download PDF)


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Evaluation study on ‘Nai Roshni Scheme’: NITI Aayog conducted an evaluation study on ’ Nai Roshni ’ - the scheme for Leadership Development of Minority Women in 2015 - 16. Main objective of the study: To assess impact of the scheme on minority women, To identify policy/programme impediments in implementation of the scheme.

  • Scheme aims: To empower and instill confidence among minority women.

  • Scheme is implemented through Non - Governmental Organizations (NGOs).

CEC Appointment Issues:

  • Appointment of CEC and other ECs as per the Article 324, shall be done as per the law made by the Parliament in this regard.

  • However, no such law has yet been made which leaves a “gap”.

  • Recently, Supreme Court asked the centre why no enabling law has yet been framed.

  • This leaves appointment of such a crucial post solely to the executives (President on the advice of PM and Council of Ministers).

  • Constitution not prescribed qualifications (legal, educational, administrative, or judicial) of the members of election commission.

States and a Union Territory (UT) Formally Adopted the Centre’s E-Marketplace (GeM).

  • States and UT formally adopted the Centre’s initiative called the Government e - Marketplace (GeM).

  • GeM is an Online Market platform to facilitate procurement of goods and services by various Ministries and agencies of the Government.

  • It aims to ensure that public procurement of goods and services in India, is carried out through online platform.

  • It enables procurement with minimal human interface.

Sexual Harassment Electronic-Box (She-Box):

  • It is an online complaint management system for registering complaints related to sexual harassment at workplace.

  • Launched by Ministry of Women and Child Development.

  • Developed to ensure effective implementation of Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (the SH Act), 2013.

  • This portal provide a platform to women working to file complaints related to sexual harassment at workplace under the SH Act.

  • Also, an effort to provide speedier remedy to women facing sexual harassment.

MoHUA is the New Name for Urban Development & Housing Ministry

  • Government merged the urban development and housing and urban poverty alleviation ministries.

  • Now, this will be known as Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).

  • With this merger, government now has 51 ministries.

  • Merger would help ensure cohesiveness in formulating policies related to urban issues and cut the flab in bureaucracy.

National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC)

  • NCDC released Rs. 28771.31 crore in the year 2014 - 17 compared to Rs. 15143.76 crore in the year 2011 - 14.

  • NCDC was established by an Act of Parliament in 1963 as a statutory Corporation under Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.

  • Many regional centres to provide financial assistance to Cooperatives/Societies/Federations.

Times when the Parliament Convened for a Session at Midnight

  • Midnight session of Parliament to launch the goods and services tax (GST) marked a first in India’s history.

  • While, Parliament was convened for midnight session several times in past, all those occasions were celebratory in nature.

  • Its first time that session convened to mark implementation of government policy, the GST.

Midnight sessions in the past:

  • August 14 - 15, 1947: Country’s Independence. It started at 11pm and went on till after midnight.

  • August 14 - 15, 1972: To celebrate the silver jubilee of India’s Independence.

  • August 9, 1992: To mark 50th anniversary of Quit India Movement.

  • August 14 - 15, 1997: To celebrate the golden jubilee of India’s Independence.

  • August 14 - 15, 1997: To celebrate the golden jubilee of India’s Independence.

Bengaluru Declaration Calls for Sc/ST Quota in Judiciary

  • Karnataka conference on Dr. Ambedkar moots wide armative action.

  • Bengaluru Declaration adopted by Karnataka government - sponsored by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar International Conference 2017.

  • Recommended a slew of affirmative action measures in the private sector, judiciary, educational institutions, government contracts and promotions for Dalits.

  • Declaration focusses not just on SC/STs, but proposes several measures for larger community of minorities, backward classes and Dalits, known by its Kannada acronym AHINDA, which is championed by Chief Minister.

National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA):

  • Government plans new agency to keep check on Chartered Accountants.

  • Government reviewing plans to put in place NFRA as it seeks to rein in the Institute of Chartered Accounts for India (ICAI) for its perceived failure in enforcing discipline.

  • While, Companies Act 2013 provided for NFRA as regulatory agency for audit, accounts and financial reporting.

  • Section 132 of law remained on paper as rules are yet to be notified.

  • One of the few sections of the law that has not been notified yet.

Mahadayi Dispute:

  • Karnataka government and Goa government are fighting on sharing of waters of Mahadayi River (called Mandovi in Goa).

  • It is open to talks with Karnataka and Maharashtra to explore an out - of - tribunal settlement on Mahadayi issue.

  • Goa open to out - of - tribunal settlement.

  • Mahadayi, also known as Mandovi river, is known as lifeline in the northern parts of Karnataka.

Hyderabad Cricket Association, Adopts Lodha Guidelines

  • Hyderabad Cricket Association, at its special general body meeting at Rajiv Gandhi Stadium.

  • It passed a resolution adopting the Justice Lodha panel guidelines on administrative reforms.

Lodha committee’s Recommendations:

  • Wants BCCI to come under RTI Act.

  • Legalisation of betting

  • Proposes one state, one vote.

  • No BCCI office - bearer can have more than two consecutive terms.

  • No BCCI office - bearer can be Minister or government servant.

  • In no case President will hold post for more than 2 years

  • Panel recommends separate governing bodies for the IPL and BCCI.

  • Punishment and reforms were the main tasks for Lodha committee.

Make Registration of Marriages Compulsory – Low Commission of India

  • ‘Make registration of marriages compulsory’

  • Law panel bats for women’s protection.

  • Law Commission of India recommended compulsory registration of marriages to protect gullible women who become victims of fake marriages.

Law Commission of India:

  • Non - statutory body constituted by Government of India.

  • First such Commission set up in 1834 under Charter Act of 1833.

  • It was set up under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay.

  • Government of India established First Law Commission of Independent India in 1955 and is re-constituted every three years.

  • The tenure of 20th Law Commission was up to 31st August, 2015.

Family Planning Association of India (FPAI):

  • FPAI selects 58 villages for new programme.

  • Dharwad chapter of Family Planning Association of India (FPAI) will embark on a new programme to bring down maternal mortality rate in 58 select villages of district.

  • Established in 1949, FPAI is a founding member of IPPF.

  • Its work in sexual and reproductive health (SRH) covers:

    • safe motherhood and child survival,

    • empowerment of women

    • male involvement

    • adolescent health

    • youth development

International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF):

  • IPPF is a global non - governmental organisation.

  • Aims:

    • Promoting sexual and reproductive health

    • Advocating right of individuals to make their own choices in family planning.

  • First formed in 1952 in Bombay, India at the 3rd International Conference on Planned Parenthood.

  • Consists of more than 149 Member Associations working in more than 189 countries.

  • IPPF is highly developed and organised into 6 regions.

  • Organisation is based in London, England.

PETA Moves SC to Quash Tamil Nadu’s Jallikattu Law

  • Armed with videos of the brutal treatment of bulls in jallikattu events held across 5 regions in Tamil Nadu, the People for Ethical.

  • Treatment of Animals (PETA) moved the Supreme Court for quashing the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Tamil Nadu Amendment) Act 2017.

  • Tamil Nadu Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Conduct of Jallikattu) Rules, 2017.

  • Brought bulls back into the fold of ‘performing animals’.

  • Opened the gates for the conduct of the popular bull - taming sport in the name of culture and tradition despite 2014 ban by the Supreme Court.

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA):

  • Founded: March 22, 1980

  • Focus: Animal rights

  • Location: Norfolk, Virginia, US

  • Largest animal rights group in the world.

‘Ashiana Annexe’

  • President will inaugurate the ‘Ashiana Annexe’ in Dehradun, Uttarakhand.

  • Main restored and renovated building of ‘Ashiana’ inaugurated by President on September 27, 2016.

  • Technology used for renovation is sustainable, cost effective, green and environment friendly with provision of disaster resilient features.

  • Annexe of the Presidential Retreat ‘Ashiana’ at Dehradun comprises of 12 low cost dwelling units.

  • Constructed to accommodate officers and staff of Rashtrapati Bhavan during Presidential visits to ‘Ashiana’.

Karnataka Sets up Panel to Design State Flag

  • Karnataka has constituted a nine - member committee headed by Principal Secretary, Department of Kannada and Culture, to study and submit a report to the government on the possibility of ” designing a separate flag for the State and providing. “

Legal position:

  • There is no prohibition in the Constitution for the State to have its own flag.

  • However, the manner in which the State flag is hoisted should not dishonour the national flag.

  • It has to be always below the national flag.

- Published/Last Modified on: June 10, 2018

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