Expected Most Important Topics for UPSC - 2018 (Part - 4) (Download PDF)

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Neeranchal National Watershed Project - To further strengthen and provide technical assistance to the Watershed. It is assisted by World Bank. Bring about institutional changes in watershed and rainfed agricultural management practices in India.

  • Build systems that ensure watershed programmes and rainfed irrigation management practices are better focused, more coordinated and have quantifiable results.

Ashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana – RAFTAAR (RKVY - RAFTAAR)

  • RKVY, initiated in 2007 as an umbrella scheme for holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors, has been recently revamped as RKVY - RAFTAAR – Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation for 2017 - 19 and 20.

  • To make farming a remunerative economic activity through strengthening the farmer’s efforts, risk mitigation and promoting agri - business entrepreneurship.

  • To attend national priorities through several sub – schemes.

  • It provided states with considerable flexibility and autonomy for planning and executing programs.

Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI)

  • The program was launched in 2010 - 11 to address constraints limiting the productivity of “rice based cropping system” in eastern India comprising seven states – Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Eastern Uttar Pradesh (Purvanchal) and West Bengal.

  • To increase production and productivity of rice and wheat by adopting latest crop production technologies.

  • To promote cultivation in rice fallow area to increase cropping intensity & income of the farmers.

  • To create water harvesting structures and efficient utilization of water potential.

  • To promote post - harvest technology and marketing support.

Strengthening & Modernization of Pest Management Approach in the Country (SMPMA)

  • Maximize crop production with minimum input costs.

  • Minimize environmental pollution in soil, water and air due to pesticides.

  • Minimize occupational health hazards due to chemical pesticides.

  • Conserve ecosystem and maintain ecological equilibrium.

  • Implementation agency: 35 Central Integrated Pest Management Centres (CIPMCs) established across the country.

  • Components:

    • Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

    • Locust Control and Research

    • Implementation of Insecticide s Act, 1968

ARYA Project

  • The GOI launched ARYA – “Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture” in 2015.

  • To attract and empower the Youth in Rural Areas to take up various Agriculture, allied and service sector enterprises for sustainable income and gainful employment in selected districts.

  • It is implemented through Krishi Vikas Kendra in one district from each State.

  • KVKs will involve the Agricultural Universities and ICAR Institutes as Technology Partners.

  • At KVKs also one or two enterprise units will be established so that they serve as entrepreneurial training units for farmer.

Mera Gaon - Mera Gaurav

  • This scheme involves scientists of the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) and state agricultural universities.

  • Objectives:

    • To promote direct interface of scientists with the farmers and hasten the land to lab process.

    • To imbibe a sense of ownership among the agricultural scientists.

  • Intended beneficiary:

    • Scientists with ground level experience

    • Farmers

SHAKTI (Scheme for Harnessing and Allocating Koyala Transparently in India) Scheme

  • It is a transformational policy for auction and allotment of coal linkages.

  • This policy will award fuel supply agreements (FSA) to coal plants already holding letters of assurance (LoAs).

  • Coal linkages would be allocated to state - owned power distribution companies (discoms).

  • Objectives:

    • To alleviate one key challenge in power sector i. e. lack of coal linkage.

    • To provide affordable power, access to coal and accountability in the allocation of coal.

India BPO Promotion Scheme

  • Financial support is provided up to 50 % of the expenditure towards Capital Expenditure and/or Operational Expenditure subject to an upper limit of 1 Lakh per seat.

  • Special incentives are provided for employing women and persons with disability, generating employment beyond target and wider dispersal within state.

  • Objectives: To incentivize the establishment of BPO firms and their extension to Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities providing about 1.45 lakh jobs.

National Supercomputing Mission

  • The mission would be implemented jointly by Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) through two organizations the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C - DAC) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore.

  • The Mission also includes development of highly professional High Performance Computing (HPC) aware human resource.

  • Objectives: To make India one of the world leaders in Supercomputing.

Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M - SIPS)

  • The scheme provides capital subsidy of 20 % in SEZ (25 % in non - SEZ) for units engaged in electronics manufacturing.

  • It also provides for reimbursements of CVD/excise for capital equipment for the non - SEZ units.

  • Available for both new projects and expansion projects.

  • Objective: To offset disability and attract investments in Electronic manufacturing.

LAQSHYA - Labor Room Quality Improvement Initiative

  • This initiative will be implemented in Government Medical Colleges (MCs) besides District Hospitals (DHs), and high delivery load Sub - District Hospitals (SDHs) and Community Health Centres (CHCs).

  • The initiative plans to conduct quality certification of labour rooms and also incentivize facilities achieving the targets outlined.

  • Objectives: To improve quality of care in labour room and maternity Operation Theatre (OT).

EVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network)

  • It aims to support the Government of India’s Universal Immunization Programme.

  • It is an indigenously developed technology system in India that provides real - time information on vaccine stocks and flows, and storage temperatures across all cold chain points; right down to vaccine storage points in state, district and health centres, using mobile and web - based dashboard.

  • Objective: To address widespread inequities in vaccine coverage by supporting state governments in overcoming constraints of:

    • infrastructure

    • monitoring

    • human resources

Intensified Diarrhea Control Fortnight (IDCF)

  • It involves three action framework:

    • Mobilize: health personnel, State Governments and other stakeholders (NGOs).

    • Prioritize investment: Government and International organisation.

    • Create mass awareness: ORS and Zinc therapy demonstration will be conducted at state, district and village levels.

  • Objective: To ensure high coverage of ORS and Zinc use rates in children with diarrhoea throughout the country along with inculcating appropriate behaviour in care givers for diarrhoea prevention & management of under - five children, with emphasis on the high priority areas and vulnerable communities.

National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP)

  • It targets 6 - 7 million sales of hybrid and electric vehicles year on year from 2020 onwards.

  • Government aims to provide fiscal and monetary incentives to kick start this nascent technology which would be administered through an efficient and effective electronic mechanism/portal.

  • It aims to achieve full national fuel security by promoting hybrid and electric vehicles in the country.

Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles (FAME)

  • Scheme is proposed to be implemented till 2020.

  • It is under the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020.

  • Incentivise all vehicle segments, including two - wheelers, three - wheeler auto, passenger four - wheeler vehicle, light commercial vehicles and buses.

  • Objective:

    • It aims at promoting eco - friendly vehicles in the country.

    • To provide fiscal and monetary incentives for adoption and market creation of both hybrid and electric technologies vehicles in the country.

Nyaya Mitra

  • Nyaya Mitra would be a retired judicial or executive officer (with legal experience).

  • Intended Beneficiary: Litigant with delayed justice

  • Facilitate the connection of litigants to District Legal Service Authority (D LSA), CSC Tele Law, and other government agencies. And civil society organisations.

  • Objective: Reducing pendency of cases across selected districts, with special focus on those pending for more than 10 years.

Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)

  • To provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs), as mandated by Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015.

  • Objective: To implement various developmental and welfare programs in mining affected area.

  • To minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio - economics of people in mining districts.

  • To ensure long - term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.


  • It is a Central sector scheme.

  • Jiyo Parsi Publicity Phase - 2 was launched in 2017 (phase - 1 in 2013).

  • Objective: to reverse the declining trend of Parsi population by adopting a scientific protocol and structured interventions (infertility treatment), stabilize their population and increase the population of Parsis in India.

  • Intended Beneficiary: Parsi married couples of childbearing age.

Anas - Maulana Azad National Academy for Skills

  • It is a special purpose vehicle and is an innovative scheme (kind of Give back to community) under which the leading celebrities in various skill sets are used as the driving force behind the skill development projects, in their respective fields.

  • Objective: To fulfill the vision of SKILL INDIA and achieve the over - riding goal of Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas.

  • Intended Beneficiary:

    • Marginalised section of minority communities

    • Madrasas/Maktabs

    • Women/girl child of minority community

Comprehensive Online Modified Modules on Induction Training (COMMIT)

  • It is developed by DoPT in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

  • It will be implemented through State Administrative Training Institutes (ATIs).

  • Objective: To improve the public service delivery mechanism and provide citizen centric administration through capacity building of officials who interact with the citizens on day - to - day basis.

Central Staffing Scheme

  • It provides a systematic arrangement for selection and appointment of eligible officers from the participating services at the level of Deputy Secretary, Director, Joint Secretary, Additional Secretary and Secretary in the Central Government.

  • Objectives: Helps in building up capabilities at the State level and contributing towards developing national perspectives at the decision - making levels.

  • Intended beneficiaries: Employee in State government with minimum service of 9 years.

Pratyaksh Hanstantrit Labh (PAHAL)

  • It is the world’s largest cash subsidy (added to Guinness Book of world records) under the Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme.

  • Domestic LPG cylinders will be sold to LPG consumers in the entire country at Market Determined Price (without subsidy).

  • An advance payment will also as soon as a person books the first cylinder, to ensure that he has enough money.

  • Objective:

    • To reduce diversion and eliminate duplicate or bogus LPG connections.

    • Introduce direct cash transfer for subsidies.


  • It was launched in budget 2016 - 17 and envisages the following:

    • Mission 25 Tonne

    • Mission Zero Accident

    • Mission PACE (Procurement and Consumption Efficiency)

    • Mission Raftaar

    • Mission Hundred

    • Mission beyond book – keeping

    • Mission Capacity Utilisation

  • Objective: Transformation of Indian Railways through seven Mission mode a Mission 25 Tonne Mission Zero Accident Mission PACE (Procurement and Consumption Efficiency): Mission Raftaar Mission Hundred Mission beyond book - keeping: Mission Capacity Utilisation

- Published/Last Modified on: May 30, 2018

Govt. Schemes/Projects, Yojana

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