Expected Questions in Defence 2019 – IAS/NET (Part-1) - (Set 2) (Download PDF)


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Please find below the most important expected topics for the upcoming UPSC Prelims exam 2019. Subscribe@Examrace YouTube Channel to get the complete series of expected questions. For practice and solutions visit - doorsteptutor. com. You can download the pdf by clicking the option “Download PDF”.

China’s first indigenous aircraft carrier “Type 001A”

China’s 1st domestically manufactured aircraft carrier known only as “Type 001A” started sea trials from Dalian port in Liaoning province.

Name of carrier was not revealed at launch ceremony, but it is speculated that it will be named Shandong after province of same name.

Key Facts

  • Carrier was constructed by China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation in Dalian.
  • Its design is based on Soviet Union’s Kuznetsov class & refined & advanced version of Liaoning, China’s 1st aircraft carrier constructed from incomplete Kuznetsov-class vessel.
  • Expected to be commissioned by 2020.
  • It measures abt 315 metres long, w/displacement capacity of about 55,000 tonnes (70,000 loaded).
  • Ship is powered by conventional oil-fired boilers driving 8 steam turbines, a design copied from Soviet TB-12 engines used by its sister ship.
  • It is capable of carrying 38 to 40 aircrafts.
  • Type 001A was built as part of China’s ambitious plans to modernise its navy as it presses its claims in disputed regional waters.
  • It will give China 2nd aircraft carrier as it asserts its claims in South China Sea & seeks to deter any independence movements in Taiwan.
  • Possession of home-grown aircraft carrier places China among few military powers w/such vessels, including US, Russia & Britain.
  • China’s sole operational aircraft carrier, Liaoning is a repurposed USSR (Soviet) ship bought from Ukraine, which went into service in 2012.

All-women crew of INSV Tarini to return

  • INSV Tarini, naval sail ship w/all-women crew circumnavigating globe for past 9 months, will return to India this week after successful completion of ambitious mission.
  • Expedition is named as ‘Navika Sagar Parikrama’
  • INSV Tarini is almost identical to her illustrious predecessor, iconic Mhadei which has sailed over 115000 nautical miles in past 8 years.

About Tarani and Mhadei

  • Boat draws her origin from famous Tara-Tarini temple of Orissa’s Ganjam district.
  • Word Tarini means a Boat & is also a Sanskrit word for Saviour.
  • Tara-Tarini is a patron deity for sailors & merchants & is worshipped for safety & success at sea.
  • Tara-Tarini of Orissa is known to have historical linkages with the river Goddess Mhadeithe exclusive boat deity of the Mhadei river of Goa.
  • Both deities Tarini & Mhadei have sculptural similarities.

Strategic Partnership model

  • Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) had approved implementation of Strategic Partnership guidelines.
  • Strategic Partnership model aims to revitalise defence industrial ecosystem & progressively build indigenous capabilities in pvt. sector to design, develop & manufacture complex weapon system for future needs of armed forces.
  • SP model has 4 segments — submarines, single engine fighter aircraft, helicopters & armoured carriers/main battle tanks — which would be specifically opened up for pvt. sector.
  • Under this policy one Indian private company would be selected in each segment which would tie-up with shortlisted global equipment manufacturers to manufacture platforms in India under technology transfer.
  • For 1st time, under SP model, Indian private companies will get to tie up w/global original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) & build major defence platforms in India under technology transfer. It was defence public sector undertakings (DPSUs) which played lead role.
  • All procurements under SP model would be executed by specially constituted empowered project committees (EPC) to ensure timely execution.

Draft Defence Production Policy, 2018

Policy 2018 aims to create environment that encourages a dynamic, robust & competitive defence industry, as imp. part of Make in India initiative.

Aims to facilitate faster absorption of technology & create tiered defence industrial ecosystem in country, besides reducing dependence on imports to achieve self-reliance.

Features of policy

  • It proposes to increase FDI cap in niche technology areas to 74 % under automatic route in a bid to boost local manufacturing & catapult India into league of countries housing top defence & aerospace industries.
  • India hopes to achieve turnover of Rs1.7 trillion in defence goods & services by 2025.
  • It has goal of becoming arms exporter to tune of Rs35,000 cr. in defence goods & services by 2025.
  • It hopes to transform itself into a global leader in cyberspace & AI technologies.
  • Govt. will list its requirements in terms of platforms & weapon systems for next decade to help pvt. sector companies understand opportunities.
  • Doing away w/capacity assessment, except for critical projects. It will introduce earnest money deposits & performance guarantees as safeguards for others.
  • Setting up ombudsman for resolving offset claims. Offsets—investments thru local partner to set up ecosystem of suppliers—would be investment linked.
  • Rationalisation of taxes on import of capital goods for services & inputs for defence & aims to prevent inversion of taxes.

Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP)

DPP 2013 mandates that acquisitions worth over ₹1,000 cr. should be 1st cleared by Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS). DPP structure was introduced after Kargil War.

Role of CCS

  • Major decisions w/respect to significant appointments, issues of national security, defence policy & expenditure of India are taken by Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) in India.
  • Committee comprises Minister of External Affairs, Home Minister, Finance Minister & Defence Minister.

About Defence Acquisition Council (DAC)

  • Govt. ‘s highest decision-making body on procurement. Chaired by Union Defence Minister. To counter corruption & speed up decision-making in military procurements.

Decision flowing from DAC are to be implemented by following 3 Boards –

  • Defence Procurement Board headed by Defence Secretary
  • Defence Production Board headed by Secretary (Defence Production)
  • Defence Research & Development Board headed by Secretary (Defence Research & Development)

Quick Reach Surface-to-Air missiles (QRSAM)

  • India has successfully test-fired 2 indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface-to Air missiles (QRSAM) from a test range off Odisha coast.
  • QRSAM was test fired from a rotatable truck-based launch unit at Chandipur in Odisha’s Balasore.
  • 2 missiles tested for diff. altitude & conditions successfully demonstrated robust control, aerodynamics, propulsion, structural performance & high manoeuvring capabilities

Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles

  • Missile is all-weather, all-terrain missile w/electronic countermeasures against jamming by aircraft radars.
  • Uses solid-fuel propellant & has a range of 25 - 30 km.
  • Developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in association w/Bharat Electronics Limited & Bharat Dynamics Limited as a replacement to Osa-AK & Kvadrat missile systems.
  • This was 3rd test firing of QRSAM. 1st test firing was done on 4th June, 2017, & 2nd on 14th July, 2018.

‘Operation Kabaddi’

  • It was to be largest planned operation by Indian Army to end cross-LoC infiltration by capturing at least 25 selected Pakistani posts along Line of Control (LoC) in September 2001.
  • Operation Kabaddi would include a “wide spectrum of evolving punitive operations such as execution of deliberate fire assaults to destroy military & terrorist points & area targets across LoC; ambushes & raids across LOC & company, battalion & brigade-sized deliberate offensive attacks to capture objectives of tactical importance across LoC that would improve Indian Army’s counter-insurgency (CI) posture. “
  • Objective was to change geography of LoC w/access to tactical points there, which would then help Army tackle infiltration of militants by Pakistani side.
  • Former army commanders have revealed details of this operation in book, Line on Fire: Ceasefire Violations & India-Pakistan Escalation Dynamics.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 27, 2019


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