Expected Questions in Education 2019-IAS/NET (Part 2) (Set-1) (Download PDF)

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Please find below the most important expected topics for the upcoming UPSC Prelims exam 2019. Subscribe@Examrace YouTube Channel to get the complete series of expected questions. For practice and solutions visit - doorsteptutor. com. You can download the pdf by clicking the option “Download PDF”.

National Level Kala Utsav to Promote Arts in Schools Launched

  • Kala Utsav is initiative of Dept. of School Education & Literacy of MHRD to promote arts in education, by nurturing & showcasing artistic talent of school students, in country.

About Kala Utsav 2018

  • About 370 children from all States (except Karnataka) & UTs will participate in 4 day national level competition that will be held in
  • Vocal Music
  • Instrumental Music
  • Dance
  • Painting.
  • One girl & one boy from each State/UT will compete in each of competitions.
  • Students representing Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan & Navodaya Samiti will be competing.
  • Kala Utsav National Competition was launched in 2015 w/view to promote arts in education by nurturing & showcasing artistic talents of school students, children w/special needs too will have opportunity to display their talents.

Bharat Parv Begins at Red Fort

Bharat Parv is 5 day event hosted as part of Republic Day celebrations. Bharat Parv organised at Red Fort, Delhi aims to generate a patriotic fervour & promote rich cultural diversity of country.

Attractions of Bharat Parv

  • Bharat Parv showcases spirit of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat. Imp. attractions of Bharat Parv are:
  • Replica of Statue of Unity
  • Gandhi Gram in which 10 painting artists will create paintings on theme of Ideology of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Display of Republic Day parade tableaux
  • Performances by Armed Forces bands.
  • Theme based State Pavilions where each state showcases its strength along w/its tourism products.
  • Daily cultural performances by North Zone Cultural Centre.
  • Bharat Parv is organised by Ministry of Tourism in collaboration w/other Central Ministries & State Govt.

National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2018

Cabinet approved National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine (NCIM) Bill, 2018. Bill seeks to replace existing regulator, Central Council for Indian Medicine (CCIM).

Features of Bill

  • Bill provides for constitution of a National Commission w/4 autonomous boards.
  • Bill provides for 2 common boards, Board of Assessment & Rating & Board of Ethics & Registration.
  • Bill proposes a common entrance exam & exit exam which all graduates will have to clear to get practicing licenses.
  • Bill proposes a teacher’s eligibility test to assess standard of teachers before appointment & promotions.
  • Bill aims at bringing reforms in medical education of Indian systems in line w/National Medical Commission proposed for setting up for allopathy system of medicine. National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine aims to promote transparency & accountability.

IMPRESS Scheme Has Been Launched

  • Govt. has approved “Revitalizing Infrastructure & Systems in Education by 2022”, accordingly scope of institutions to be funded thru Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) is enlarged to encompass School Education & Medical Education institutions, apart from Higher Education.
  • GoI had sanctioned scheme “Impactful Policy Research in Social Sciences (IMPRESS) ” at a total cost of Rs. 414 Cr for implementation up to 31st March 2021.
  • 1500 research projects will be awarded for 2 years to support social science research in higher educational & to enable research to guide policy making.

Implementing Agency: Indian Council of Social Science and Research (ICSSR)

  • To identify & fund research proposals in social sciences w/max. impact on governance & society.
  • To ensure selection of projects thru transparent, competitive process on online mode.
  • To provide opportunity for social science researchers in any institution in country, including all Universities, private institutions w/12 (B) status conferred by UGC.
  • ICSSR funded/recognized research institutes will be eligible to submit research proposals on given themes & sub-themes.

106th Indian Science Congress (ISC) -2019

  • World’s largest science meet ‘Indian Science Congress (ISC) -2019’ will be held from 3rd to 7th January 2019, in Jalandhar, Punjab.
  • Theme of ISC – Future India: Science and Technology
  • “Govt. ‘s aim is to deliver benefits of Science & Technology to last man in society & scientists being pivot should put their heart & soul into finding new solutions to problems facing nation & improve quality of life of common man”.
  • It is only 2nd time for University of Punjab to organize their herculean science spectacle.

Background:

  • Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) owes its origin to foresight & initiative of 2 British Chemists, namely, Professor J. L. Simonsen & Professor P. S. MacMohan.
  • To advance & promote cause of science in India.
  • To hold annual congress at a suitable place in India.
  • To publish such proceedings, journals, transactions & other publications as may be considered desirable.
  • To secure & manage funds & endowments for promotion of Science.

Initiatives to Promote Research in Higher Educational Institutions

MHRD & its organizations like UGC, AICTE are undertaking various research projects in diff. Higher Educational Institutions.

Dept. of Science & Technology & Dept. of Biotechnology provide funding support to higher educational institutions for various research projects.

  • Other Initiatives
  • UGC has funded several schemes for research and innovation like
  1. Special Assistance Programme (SAP),
  2. Colleges with Potential for Excellence (CPE),
  3. University with Potential for Excellence (UPE),
  4. Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Areas (CPEPA),
  5. Fellowships support for Research to students and teachers.
  • UGC is actively involved in promoting research thru international collaborations thru important initiatives like
  1. UK India Education Research Initiative (UKIERI), Israel Science Foundation (ISF)
  2. Indo Norway Cooperation Programme (NCP), Indo German Programme (IGP),
  3. 21st Century Knowledge Initiative w/USA

ISRO Launches Samwad with Students

  • ISRO has launched outreach programme called Samwad w/Students.
  • ISRO’s outreach programme was aimed at motivating young India & tapping their scientific potential.
  • During interaction ISRO Chairmen engaged w/students on series of topics ranging from rockets, satellites, Chandrayaan, Gaganyaan & other space applications.
  • ISRO will be organizing guided tours thrice in a year, especially during summer & Christmas holidays for students of class 11 & class 12.
  • Students would be taken to ISRO facilities in Thiruvananthapuram & Bengaluru & launch centre at Sriharikota.
  • Students would be taken to space laboratories & would be allowed to make small satellites.

New Reforms, Guidelines to Strengthen Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS)

Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has issued new guidelines for Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS). New guidelines are issued as part of attempt by MSDE to re-energize & reinvigorate Jan Shikshan Sansthans. Highlights of these guidelines are:

  • Alignment of JSS course & curriculum w/National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) to standardize training.
  • Decentralization of powers for JSSs by providing accountability & independence to district administration.
  • To identify & promote traditional skills in district thru skilling/upskilling.
  • Evidence-based assessment system.
  • Easy Online certification.
  • Linking JSS to Public Finance Mgmt. system to maintain transparency & accountability of ecosystem.
  • Creating livelihood linkages.
  • Training of Trainers to develop capacity thru National Skills Training Institutes.

India’S Participation in Programme for PISA in 2021

MHRD has signed agreement w/Organisation for Economic Co-operation & Development (OECD) for India’s Participation in Programme for International Student Assessment- PISA 2021.

Schools run by KendriyaVidyalayaSangathan (KVS), NavodayaVidyalaya Samiti (NVS) & schools in UT of Chandigarh would be participating.

India had taken part in PISA in 2009 & bagged 72nd rank among 74 participating countries.

About PISA:

  • An international assessment that measures 15-year-old students’ reading, mathematics & science literacy every 3 years.
  • First conducted in 2000, major domain of study rotates b/w reading, mathematics & science in each cycle. PISA includes measures of general or cross-curricular competencies, such as collaborative problem solving.
  • PISA emphasizes functional skills that students have acquired as they near end of compulsory schooling.
  • In 2012 PISA test, schools of Shanghai in China topped reading, mathematics & science test, followed closely by Singapore. In 2015, Singapore, Japan & Estonia were ranked as top 3 countries, in that order.

Government Announces Hike in Research Fellowship

  • Govt. has announced that PM’s Research Fellows (PMRF) Scheme will be open to all potential researchers from 2019 & not limited to candidates from IISc, IITs, NITs, IIEST & IISE Rs. Decision was made after Govt. failed to find adequate number of candidates for PMRF this year. Only 135 fellowships were finally offered against 1,000 positions.

Prime Minister’s Research Fellows (PMRF) Scheme

  • Scheme was announced in Budget Speech 2018 - 19. It will be implemented for period of 7 years beginning 2018 - 19 at total cost of Rs. 1650 cr. Under it, best students who have completed or are in final year of B. Tech/Integrated M. Tech/M. Sc courses in Science & Technology streams will be offered direct admission in PhD programme in IITs/IISc. Max. of 3000 Fellows would be selected in 3 year period, beginning 2018 - 19.
  • Monthly fellowship: Selected students thru selection process laid down in PMRF Guidelines will be offered monthly fellowship of Rs. 70,000 for 1st 2 years, Rs. 75,000 for 3rd year & Rs. 80,000 in 4th & 5th years.
  • Research grant: Each selected fellow students will be provided research grant of Rs. 2.00 lakh for period of 5 years to cover their foreign travel expenses for presenting research papers in international conferences & seminars.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 31, 2019

Education

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.