Expected Questions in Education 2019-IAS/NET (Part 2) (Set-2) (Download PDF)


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Please find below the most important expected topics for the upcoming UPSC Prelims exam 2019. Subscribe@Examrace YouTube Channel to get the complete series of expected questions. For practice and solutions visit - doorsteptutor. com. You can download the pdf by clicking the option “Download PDF”.

Creation of National Virtual Library of India as One of the Components of National Mission

  • Objective is to facilitate creation of a comprehensive database on digital resources of India on information about India in an open access environment.

Salient Features of NVLI

  • Federated searching thru multilingual user interfaces.
  • Virtual learning environment, E-Governance platform facilitating data analytics
  • Multilingual searching & retrieval on ontology/thesaurus based.

Details About Project

  • Project of creation of National Virtual Library of India costing Rs. 72.34 cr. was entrusted to IIT Bombay (in collaboration w/C-DAC, Pune & IGNOU, Delhi). Rs. 71.78 cr. is released by Govt. to IIT Bombay till date.
  • Core software application & cloud infrastructure for NVLI is developed.
  • Soft launch of NVLI is done on 15th February, 2018. Harvesting of Metadata & its curation is on. As per MoU signed b/w National Mission on Libraries & IIT Bombay, time frame for completion of project by IIT Bombay is 3 years.
  • Ministry of Culture continuously monitors progress of the NVLI project.

Mechanisms for Monitoring and Improving Quality of Education

  • Central Govt. has launched following mechanisms for monitoring of quality of education in Government schools:

ShaGun Portal

  • ShaGun measures state-level performance & progress against key educational indicators. This enables GoI & State & UT Dept. of education to conduct real-time assessments which normal paper-based monitoring mechanisms did not allow.

Amendment to Rules under RTE act

  • Central govt. has amended rules under RTE Act to include reference for class-wise, subject-wise Learning Outcomes. These references of learning outcomes have set a benchmark for student’s capabilities to be achieved in each subject & class.
  • Shaala Siddhi: School Standards & Evaluation Framework which enables schools to self evaluate based on 7 key domains. It is developed by National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA).
  • PINDICS: Performance Indicators for Elementary School Teachers (PINDICS) is framework for assessing teacher performance & providing constructive feedback for further improvement. It is developed by NCERT.
  • National Achievement Survey: National Achievement Surveys is carried out by NCERT to assess learning achievement of children in Classes – III, V, VIII, and X.

UGC Action Against Fake Universities

Central Govt. & UGC has taken following action against fake Universities running w/o recognition: UGC has issued Show Cause/Warning Notices to fake Universities cautioned that running of Undergraduate & Postgraduate degree courses & giving misleading advertisements shall attract severe action under provisions of appropriate laws including UGC Act & Indian Penal Code, etc.

  • Letters are sent to State/UT Principal Secretaries/Education Secretaries for taking appropriate action against fake Universities located in their jurisdiction.
  • UGC has lodged FIRs in respective Police stations against Indian Institute of Planning & Management (IIPM), New Delhi & Bio-Chemic Education Grant Commission, Nadia, West Bengal.
  • Bhartiya Shiksha Parishad, Lucknow, UP is not recognized by UGC under Section 2 (f) of UGC Act, 1956.
  • UGC has warned & sent notices to these 3 universities running in Maharashtra- Indian Institute of Alternative Medicines & Natural Healing, Andheri (W), Mumbai, National Institute of Event Management, Andheri (W), Mumbai, Indian Board of Health Education & Research, Pune.

Samagra Shiksha: Initiatives to Provide ‘Sabko Shiksha Achchi Shiksha’

  • GoI has taken several initiatives to provide ‘Sabko Shiksha Achchi Shiksha’ i. e. for making available good quality education, accessible & affordable for all.
  • Programme subsumes 3 erstwhile Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) & Teacher Education (TE).
  • It is overarching programme for school education sector extending from pre-school to class XII & aims to ensure inclusive & equitable quality education at all levels of school education.
  • Main emphasis of Scheme is on improving quality of school education & strategy for all interventions would be to enhance Learning Outcomes at all levels of schooling.


  • Provision of quality education & enhancing learning outcomes of students;
  • Bridging Social & Gender Gaps in School Education;
  • Ensuring equity & inclusion at all levels of school education;
  • Ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions;
  • Promoting Vocationalisation of education

124th Constitutional Amendment- Quota in Higher Education Across All Private Institutions

  • Lok Sabha has passed 124th constitutional amendment bill to provide reservations to economically weaker sections.

Features of the Bill

  • Bill states that people from economically weaker sections of society have largely remained excluded from attending higher educational institutions & public employment on account of their financial incapacity to compete w/persons who are economically more privileged.
  • Bill is brought into to fulfil commitments under Directive principles of state policy listed in Article 46 of Constitution which urges govt. to protect educational & economic interests of weaker sections of society.
  • Bill amends Article 15 of Constitution to provide reservations to economically weaker sections for admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by State, other than minority educational institutions
  • Bill amends Article 16 of Constitution to provide reservations to people from economically weaker sections in government posts.
  • Bill caps reservation to economically weaker sections at 10%.

MHRD Schemes to Boost Educational Development of Economically Backward Classes in the Country

MHRD is implementing following schemes for Economically Backward Class students. Under this scheme, scholarship is provided to eligible meritorious students having family income less than Rs. 8.0 lakh per annum, for pursuing higher studies.

  1. Central Sector Scheme of Scholarship for College and University Students (CSSS)
  2. Special Scholarship Scheme for Jammu & Kashmir (SSS for J&K)
  3. Central Sector Interest Subsidy Scheme (CSIS)
  4. Fees Waiving in IITs
  5. Vidyalaxmi Scheme

Yuvika – Young Scientist Programme

ISRO inaugurated Young Scientist Programme YUVIKA 2019.

About YUva VIgyani KAryakram:

  • Launched by Indian Space Research Organisation.
  • It is a special programme for School Children, in tune w/Govt. ‘s vision “Jai Vigyan, Jai Anusandhan”.
  • Aim: Program is primarily aimed at imparting basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science & Space Applications to younger ones w/intent of arousing their interest in emerging areas of Space activities.
  • Participants: It is proposed to select 3 students each from each State/UT to participate in this programme covering CBSE, ICSE & State syllabus.
  • Eligibility: Those who have just completed 9th standard will be eligible for online registration.

World’S Standard Definition of Kilogram Now Redefined

  • Definition of kilogram is changed from being mass of prototype sanctioned by 1st CGPM held in Paris in 1889 & deposited at BIPM to Planck constant, which is physical constant.

Impact of New Definitions

  • Change in definitions will result in uniform & worldwide accessible SI system for international trade, high- technology manufacturing, human health & safety, protection of environment, global climate studies & basic science underpinning these.
  • Units are expected to be stable in long term, internally self-consistent & practically realisable being based on present theoretical description of nature at highest level.

New Definition of Kilogram

  • Defined by taking fixed numerical value of Planck constant h to be 6.62607015×10 - 34 when expressed in unit J s, which is equal to kgm⊃2; s−1, where meter & second are defined in terms of c & Δv.
  • It will enable national labs to create their own standard for kilogram b’coz it will be reproducible. Process for realising kilogram will rely on tool called Kibble balance.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 31, 2019


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