Expected Questions in Geography 2019-IAS/NET (Set-2)

⪻ On New Articles ⪼

Please find below the most important expected topics for the upcoming UPSC Prelims exam 2019. Subscribe@Examrace YouTube Channel to get the complete series of expected questions. For practice and solutions visit - doorsteptutor. com. You can download the pdf by clicking the option “Download PDF” .

Expected Questions on Geography 2019 (UPSC CSE/SSC/IBPS)

Lagoon villas for Lakshadweep soon

NITI Aayog thru its plan for “holistic development of islands” is set to boost eco tourism in Lakshadweep lagoons.

It is planning to set up island water villas which in turn will be a popular alternative to leading destinations such as Mauritius & Maldives.

Apex planning body, along w/other stakeholders, including Island Development Agency (IDA) is conducting a technical feasibility study for project.

Details of Plan

  • Panel is identifying island where a film city can be built.
  • New idea will attract tourists & relieve some of pressure on Mumbai as a filming hub.
  • Govt. will issue tenders for 4 tourism-based hospitality projects - 3 in Andaman & Nicobar, & 1 in Lakshadweep.
  • These will mainly be eco-cottages for which private players can bid to build. Projects will add about 700 rooms.
  • Ecological concerns & tribal-related issues are fully taken care of.

Korean War memorial

  • Korean War memorial will be built in New Delhi to commemorate India՚s role in war which ended in armistice in 1953.
  • India & South Korea have agreed on building war memorial.
  • Proposal was initiated by Indian Korean War Veterans Association & Delhi govt. had designated a place to build memorial.
  • Funding for construction of memorial will be contributed both countries.
  • There were 21 countries which participated in Korean War of 1950 - 53 of which 16 countries had sent combat troops.
  • India sent medical teams & custodian force to deal w/Prisoners of War (PoW) .
  • India played a neutral role in war & contributed in a peaceful manner to end Korean War.
  • There are Korean War memorials in about 20 countries around world which had played a role in war.

Saffron marigold - colour of sacrifice

  • Marigold was chosen as symbol of remembrance for Indian soldiers martyred in 1st World War.
  • Unique Indian symbol will allow citizens in India & international diaspora to acknowledge valour & sacrifice of Indian armed forces in service of nation, including those who fell in 2 world wars.
  • World to mark centenary of end of 1st World War on 11th November.
  • Marigold was chosen because it is easily & widely available & because saffron is often seen as a colour of sacrifice

About India Remembers project

  • India Remembers project is joint endeavour of United Service Institution of India (USI) & Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) & part of ‘India & Great War’ Centenary Commemoration project initiated by USI in 2014 w/support of Ministry of External Affairs & in close association w/British High Commission.
  • Project highlights India՚s contribution during First World War & primarily aims at exploring India՚s engagement in war efforts from a variety of perspectives.

Martial Arts Gatka (Shastar Vidya)

  • Originating from state of Punjab, Gatka is believed to be a battle technique created by Sikh warriors during martial period of great Sikh Gurus.
  • Style of stick fighting b/w 2 or more practitioners, Gatka is a toned-down version of deadlier Shastar Vidya, fighting style of fearsome Akali Nihangs, blue-turbaned sect of Sikh fighters banned by British after Anglo-Sikh wars.
  • Sharp swords of Shastar Vidya are replaced by wooden sticks (soti) & shields (farri) in Gatka.
  • Punjabi University Patiala, Punjab is only university that offers a one-year diploma course in Gatka. Gatka is integral part of Hola Mohalla celebrations at Sikh holy town of Anandpur Sahib.
  • Gatka is unique & inexpensive art to defend & display fighting skills & better exercise for self-control. Gatka practice increases cardio fitness, improves flexibility & coordination of muscles.
  • It develops humane qualities of self-respect, endurance, calmness, self-control & discipline. Balance of fighting skills, religion, healing & philosophy are elements which consolidate into this great martial art.
  • Gatka has progressed thru years to its present status as a martial art of great valour.

Hurricane Florence

  • Hurricane is type of storm called a tropical cyclone, which forms over tropical or subtropical waters.
  • Hurricanes are large, swirling storms. They produce winds of 119 kms per hour
  • (74 mph) or higher. that՚s faster than a cheetah, fastest animal on land.
  • Hurricanes form over warm ocean waters. When hurricane reaches land, it pushes wall of ocean water ashore. This wall of water is called storm surge. Heavy rain & storm surge from a hurricane can cause flooding.

How Does a Storm Become a Hurricane?

  • Hurricane starts out as a tropical disturbance. This is area over warm ocean waters where rain clouds are building.
  • Tropical disturbance sometimes grows into a tropical depression. This is area of rotating thunderstorms w/winds of 62 km/hr (38 mph) or less.
  • Tropical depression becomes tropical storm if its winds reach 63 km/hr (39 mph) .
  • Tropical storm becomes hurricane if its winds reach 119 km/hr (74 mph) .

Incredible India campaign: Tawang Monastery

Incredible India campaign has goofed up on Tawang Monastery in Arunachal Pradesh, suggesting ancient structure was built just 3 decades ago.

About Monastery

  • Known in Tibetan as Gaden Namgyal Lhatse, Tawang Monastery was built according to wishes of 5th Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso.
  • It was founded in 1680 - 81 by a monk named Merag Lodre Gyatso of Gelug sect after 4th Dalai Lama gave him a painting of goddess Palden Lhamo to be kept in monastery.
  • 8 metre high gilded statue of Lord Buddha dominates sanctum of monastery.
  • Local legend has it that China had attacked Tawang in 1962 primarily to extract secret to eternal youth believed to be buried under monastery built at about 10,000 ft. above sea level.

Guru Padmasambhava: Founder of Tibetan Buddhism

  • Odisha Chief Minister unveiled a 19-foot-high statue of Guru Padmasambhava at Jirang in Gajapati dist. , Odisha.
  • Padmasambhava, known as Guru Rinpoche is considered to be founder of Tibetan Buddhism.
  • Statue is placed in middle of ‘Padma Sarovar’ , a large tank near Padmasambhava Mahavihara, largest Buddhist monastery in eastern India.
  • Dalai Lama had inaugurated this monastery in 2010. Tibetan refugees settled in this region over 6 decades ago.
  • Historians claim that Guru Padmasambhava, known as 2nd Buddha, was born & brought up in Odisha before he left for Tibet.
  • International Conference on 8th century Himalayan sage Guru Padmasambhava was held in New Delhi. Conference was organised as part of events to commemorate 50-years of formalization of diplomatic ties b/w India & Bhutan.
  • There is image or painting of Guru Padmasambhava in every Bhutanese home or temple.
  • Guru Padmasambhava is considered to be founder of Nyingma tradition, oldest of 4 major schools of Tibetan Buddhism.

Andhra Pradesh unveiled 2nd largest petroglyph site

  • Andhra Pradesh՚s 2nd largest petroglyph site, containing about 80 petroglyhs is discovered at Mekala Benchi, spot near Aspari town, north of Kurnool-Ballari highway in Kurnool.
  • These petroglyphs or rock carvings underscore Kurnool՚s importance as a major site of Neolithic settlements in south India.
  • Kandanathi, w/200 petroglyphs, is in Kurnool. Mekala Benchi has petroglyphs dating back from Neolithic to Megalithic period, Kandanathi carvings range from prehistoric to historic period.
  • Petroglyphs were discovered by Yadava Raghu, archaeologist working as academic consultant w/Yogi Vemana University՚s Dept. of History & Archeology. 2 boulders, one known locally as ‘Boodida Konda’ (ash-coloured hill) & other unnamed granite hillock, mostly have images of bulls or bull-riding, in addition to human figures, elephant, tiger-like animals & cupules.
  • Present day native bulls of western Kurnool are known for their ‘long horns’ , as depicted in petroglyphs.
  • Settled village life & finished stone axe are salient features of Neolithic age.
  • Current archeological site, at granite foothills of Boodida Konda, fits description of Neolithic settlement.

Developed by: