Expected Questions in Internal Security 2019 – IAS/NET (Set-1) (Download PDF)

()

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 210.90 K)

Please find below the most important expected topics for the upcoming UPSC Prelims exam 2019. Subscribe@Examrace YouTube Channel to get the complete series of expected questions. For practice and solutions visit - doorsteptutor. com. You can download the pdf by clicking the option “Download PDF”.

Loading video•••

Expected Questions on Internal Security 2019

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Internal Security 2019 for IAS/SSC/Bank PO/NDA/CDS

Justice B. N. Srikrishna committee on Data Protection

  • Justice B. N. Srikrishna-headed expert panel on data protection
  • Srikrishna panel submitted a draft personal data protection Bill, 2018
  • It recommended that critical personal data of Indian citizens be processed in centres located w/I country.
  • Govt. should notify categories of personal data that will be considered critical.
  • Draft bill provides for penalties for data processor & compensation to data principal to be imposed for violations of data protection law.

Handle children’s data with care

  • Justice Srikrishna committee on data privacy has made specific mention of need for separate & more stringent norms for protecting data of children
  • It recommended that companies be barred from certain types of data processing such as behavioural monitoring, tracking, targeted advertising & any other type of processing which is not in best interest of child.

National Register of Citizens

It is register containing names of Indian Citizens. It was prepared 1st in 1951 after conduct of Census of 1951.

It is used to identify who is a bona fide Indian citizen & those who fail to enlist in register will be deemed illegal migrants.

National Register of Citizens (NRC) is being updated in Assam

  • Demands to update NRC of 1951 were 1st raised by All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) & Assam Gana Parishad more than 3 decades ago.
  • Since 1950s, there is lot of controversy regarding migration & citizenship issues. Original inhabitants of Assam fear that migrants from Bangladesh would compete them w/jobs, land & eventually hamper their culture.
  • In 1970s, All Assam Students’ Union spearheaded massive drive, popularly known as Assam Agitation calling for detection, deletion & deportation of illegal Bangladeshi migrants.
  • For a very long time, provisions in Assam accord were not implemented.
  • In 2013, SC finally ordered to complete exercise by 31st Dec. , 2017, leading to present updation of NRC in Assam.

GravityRAT

A malware allegedly designed by Pakistani hackers is updated further & equipped w/anti-malware evasion capabilities.

RAT malware

  • 1st detected by Indian Computer Emergency Response Team, CERT-In, on various computers in 2017. It is designed to infiltrate computers & steal data of users & relay stolen data to Command & Control centres in other countries.
  • ‘RAT’ in its name stands for Remote Access Trojan, program capable of being controlled remotely & thus difficult to trace.
  • Latest update to program by its developers is part of GravityRAT’s function as Advanced Persistent Threat (APT).
  • It is unlike most malware, which are designed to inflict short term damage. It lies hidden in system that it takes over & keeps penetrating deeper.
  • It has become self aware & is capable of evading several commonly used malware detection techniques.
  • It infiltrates system in form of innocuous looking email attachment, which can be in any format, including MS Word, MS Excel, MS PowerPoint, Adobe Acrobat or even audio & video files.

Protecting Digital Health Data: DISHA

  • Ministry of Health & Welfare have prepared clear & relatively short Digital Information Security in Healthcare Act (DISHA) draft in end-March & invited comments.
  • Purpose of DISHA is to regulate generation, collection, storage, analysis, transmission & ownership of patient health data & personally identifiable information.
  • Calls for creation of a central regulator called National Electronic Health Authority & of state regulators called State Electronic Health Authorities. It calls for setting up of Health Information Exchanges by govt.
  • It is very clear both about who owns data (patient does) & about what it be used for & who it can be shared with.
  • DISHA is very clear cut & can serve as model for even overall data protection regulations & Privacy Act as long as it takes into account other devices that collect digital health data.

Rajiv Gauba Committee on incidents of lynching

Govt. has created Group of Ministers (GoM) & high-level committee to deliberate & make recommendations for a separate penal provision on incidents of mob violence.

GoM will be headed by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh & Committee will be headed by Uion Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba.

Gauba committee

  • In May & June, more than 20 people were lynched based on fake posts or rumours floating on various social media platforms.
  • Social media platforms needed to act in a “time-bound” manner.
  • Social media platforms should be made accountable for not blocking malicious posts & videos when brought to their notice & “FIR could be lodged against their country heads” for not complying w/govt. orders & they could be prosecuted under law.
  • Creation of portal where people can report such videos & content & that will be forwarded by National Crime Records Bureau [nodal body] to States concerned for appropriate action.
  • Officer in each dist. at level of Superintendent of Police & special task force to be set up to gather intelligence & closely monitor social media contents to prevent mob attacks on people on suspicion of being child-lifters or cattle smugglers.

DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018

Cabinet approved DNA Technology (Use & Application) Regulation Bill 2018. Bill aims at expanding application of DNA-based forensic technologies to support & strengthen justice delivery system of country.

Key Features of Bill

  • Allows law enforcement agencies to collect DNA samples, create “DNA profiles” & special databanks for forensic-criminal investigations.
  • States that all DNA data, including DNA samples, DNA profiles & records, will be used for identification of person & not for any other purpose.
  • Creates DNA Profiling Board (DPB) that will be final authority that will authorise creation of State-level DNA databanks, approve methods of collection & analysis of DNA-technologies. It makes accreditation & regulation mandatory for DNA labs.
  • Allows govt. to set up DNA data banks across India to store profiles. These banks will maintain national database for identification of victims, accused, suspects, under trials, missing persons & unidentified human remains.
  • Empowers govt. to impose jail term of up to 3 years & fine of up to Rs. 1 lakh on those who leak information stored in such facilities. It prescribes similar punishment for those who seek information on DNA profiles illegally.

Cyber attack: Pune-based Cosmos Cooperative Bank

  • Cyber attack in Pune-based Cosmos Cooperative Bank caused ₹90- cr. loss.
  • There is rising menace of financial frauds.
  • Cyber security is imp. arena of internet when country is moving forward towards a cashless society and digitization.
  • Security becomes a challenge as now privacy is a fundamental right as per SC verdict & rise in cybercrimes can lead to violation of private space & liberty of expression.
  • Global Conference on Cyberspace (GCCS) was conducted in India for 1st time where theme for conference was Cyber4All: A Secure and Inclusive Cyberspace for Sustainable Development.
  • IT act is not sufficient to deal w/cyber security.
  • Govt. is yet to bring a digital payment bill to strengthen legal framework & enhance surveillance to check cybercrimes in finance sector including frauds, targeting cards & e-wallets.

Gorkhaland issue: Tripartite meeting soon

  • Centre has agreed for a tripartite meeting to discuss various political issues concerning Gurkhas, including demand for separate State of Gorkhaland.
  • Large-scale violence was reported in Darjeeling in West Bengal & nearby areas controlled by Gorkhaland Territorial Administration (GTA) in June last year.
  • Gorkhaland movement is a long-standing quest for a separate State of Gorkhaland w/I India for Nepali-speaking Indian citizens (often known as ‘Gorkhas’).

Gorkhaland Movement Matters

  • It is one of oldest movement in India (began in 1907)
  • Things happens in Gorkhaland will affect India-Nepal relations. How India treats problems of Nepali people of hill origin in Darjeeling will affect how Nepal deals w/people of Indian origin in Nepal, i. e. Madhesi in Terai.
  • Gorkhaland has strategic location, it’s vicinity to chicken neck that connects rest of India w/North East. Its stability is must for India’s strategic & economic interests of nation.
  • Darjeeling is a tea & tourist hot-spot w/high level of poverty. It needs & has potential to become economic engine of East w/sustainable economic model.

NSCN (I-M) appoints chairman after 3 years

Isak-Muivah faction of National Socialist Council of Nagaland or NSCN (I-M) has appointed a chief almost 3 years after death of its founder-chairman Isak Chishi Swu.

Faction is named after Swu, who died at 86 in June 2016 & its general secretary Thuingaleng Muivah.

Qhehezu Tuccu was appointed as chairman & Tongmeth Konyak as vice-chairman.

About NSCN

  • NSCN was formed in January 1980 by extremists who did not accept Shillong Accord of 1975 b/w New Delhi & Naga National Council that was fighting a separatist war since 1950s.
  • NSCN split in 1988, one led by Myanmar-based S. S. Khaplang & other by Isak-Muivah.
  • NSCN (I-M) is pursuing a peace process w/Indian govt.
  • Khaplang faction of NSCN joined peace process in 2001 but walked out of it in March 2015.

IAF’s Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman held captive by Pak Army

  • IAF plane was shot down & pilot is held captive by Pakistan Army.
  • India has demanded that pilot be treated in accordance to Geneva Convention of 1929.
  • Geneva Conventions & their Additional Protocols sets out how soldiers & civilians should be treated during armed conflict.
  • Geneva Conventions is a body of Public International Law, known as Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflicts, whose purpose is to provide min. protections, standards of humane treatment & fundamental guarantees of respect to individuals who become victims of armed conflicts.

About Geneva Conventions

  • Adopted 1st in 1864 for “Amelioration of Condition of Wounded in Armies in Field”
  • 1st Geneva Convention came about due to efforts of Swiss businessman & founder of Red Cross society Henry Dunant after he published a book proposing establishment of an organisation for relief work & humanitarian aid in wartime.

Manipur shows the way: New Anti-Lynching Law

SC bench termed incidents of mob-lynching in India as ‘horrendous acts of mobocracy’ on July 17.

It had directed Parliament to draft a new legislation to effectively deal w/incidents of mob lynching.

It had issued a slew of directions to Union & State govt. to protect India’s ‘pluralist social fabric’ from mob violence.

SC’s prescriptions –

  • SC had held that ‘lynching’ should be dealt as a “special & separate offense & provide adequate punishment. “
  • It recommended that cases of lynching be heard in a fast track court w/trials to be concluded w/I 6 months & highest possible sentences to be awarded.
  1. Manipur became 1st to pass a remarkable law against lynching, late last year. It did this after a single horrific video-taped lynching of a Muslim youth w/MBA degree stirred public conscience.

- Published/Last Modified on: May 31, 2019

Defense

Monthy-updated, fully-solved, large current affairs-2019 question bank(more than 2000 problems): Quickly cover most-important current-affairs questions with pointwise explanations especially designed for IAS, NTA-NET, Bank-PO and other competetive exams.